Week 9: Theory of Symptom Management

Symptom
A subjective experience reflecting changes in the biopsychosocial functioning, sensations, or cognition of an individual.
Sign
Any abnormality indicative of disease that is detectable by the individual or others.
Symptom experience
A simultaneous perception, evaluation, and response to a change in one’s usual feeling.
Symptom management strategies
Efforts to avert, delay, or minimize the symptom experience; considers who (and to whom), how (and how much), what, when, where, why.
Self-management strategies
Shifting more of the responsibility of managing symptoms to the individual, especially in chronic illness.
Symptom status outcomes
Clear and measurable outcomes to assess following the implementation of a strategy.
Adherence
Important consideration when evaluating the effectivness of symptom management strategies.
Signs and symptoms
Cues to guide patient’s and caregive’s attention to a problem