US History Study Guide Chapter 16

What was NOT a major cause of American industrial growth during the Gilded Age?
Low tariff
Why did John D. Rockerfeller choose to invest in oil refining rather than one of the other segments of the industry?
refining was a safe investment
What was the first major trust that became an inspiration for others?
standard oil company
The twin pillars of the New South were tobacco and
textiles
What Christian industrial leader lived by the motto “To do a common thing uncommonly well brings success?
H.J. Heinz
What was the most significant communications achievement during the Gilded Age?
telegraph
Politics during the Gilded Age was dominated by all of the following except
aid to the poor
Why was the Tariff of 1833 called the Mongrel Tariff?
numerous amendments made the tariff renovations ineffective
what industry was the main cause for passage of the Interstate Commerce Act
railroads
What even discredited the Knights of Labor
haymarket riot
When did the American Federation of Labor defy an injunction by federal courts?
pullman strike
What was the most significant goal of the Grange during 1870’s?
state regulation of railroads
What was the main issue of the Populist party?
Free silver
What philosophy was used to defend the development of monopolies in industries such as oil and steel?
social darwinism
What unflattering title describes the industrialists who dominated America at the end of the nineteenth century?
robber barron
What method did businessmen use to control all segments of an industry, from raw materials to marketing?
vertical interrogation
What sever depression hit America during Grover Clevand’s second administration?
panic of ’93
What is a court order forbidding an action?
injunction
What philosophy advocates the collective or government ownership of the means of production?
socialism
What free-silver party from the Midwest became prominent in the 1890’s?
populist party
Who developed the theory of natural selection?
Charles Darwin?
Who invented the telephone?
Alexander Graham Bell
Who constructed the St. Louis Bridge?
Andrew Carnegie
Who was the 15th president of the United States?
James Buchanan Duke?
Who invented electricity?
Thomas Alva Edison
Who was the leader of the American Federation of Labor?
Samuel Gompers
Who was the leading investment banker in America during the Gilded Age?
J.P. Morgan
Who was the founder of the Standard Oil Company?
John D. Rockerfeller
Who borrowed one hundred dollars fro his mother and started a Ferry service?
Cornelius Vanderbilt