Traffic Incident Management

Why do we need traffic incident management
Event responder safety at the site
Prevention of secondary crashes
decrease the length and impact of the incident
Improve clearance techniques
Improve response approach for other responders
Traffic incident
Any non-recurrent event, such as vehicle crashes, vehicle breakdown, or special event
Special events can cause
Reduction of roadway capacity
Abnormal increase in traffic demand or congestion
Secondary incidents
Normal Flow
0% effected
Crash on Shoulder
26% effected
Stall (one lane blocked)
48% effected
Non-Injury crash (one lane blocked)
50% effected
Crash ( two lanes blocked)
79% effected
Classification of traffic incidents
Major
Intermediate
Minor
Major traffic incident
Expected duration is more than 2 hours
Intermediate traffic incident
Expected duration of 30 minutes to 2 hours
Minor traffic incident
Expected duration under 30 minutes
Factors that endanger first responders
Complacency
Improper Attitude
Arrogant Courage
Poor Physical Conditioning
Fatigue
Bad Vehicle Positioning
Elements of Effective Incident Management
Law Enforcement
Fire Services
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Management
Louisiana Department of Transportation
Media
Incident Management Components
Detection
Response
Clearance
Incident Management Component Detection
The determination that an incident had occurred
Incident Management Component Response
The activation, coordination and management of all appropriate personnel and equipment
Incident Management Component Clearance
The restoration of the highway to pre-incident conditions
Clearance consists of
Resolution of conditions threatening responder, victim, or public safety
Removal of disabled vehicles, spilled cargo, and other debris from roadway
Removal of responders and their vehicles, equipment from the roadway
Reestablishment of normal traffic patterns
Motorist information includes the dissemination of incident related information to motorist who
Are at the scene
Are approaching the scene
Have not yet left their home, work, or other location
Two types of roadway system congestion
Recurring
Nonrecurring
Recurring roadway system congestion
That which occurs regularly at points of excessive demand and deficient capacity
Nonrecurring roadway system congestion
Random incidents, such as crashes, spilled loads, disabled vehicles, and other unpredictable events
Under-Response
Results when too few, or the wrong resources are dispatched
Over-Response
Results when too much equipment and personnel are sent to the scene and stay there an excessive amount of time
Site Management “4 C’s”
Command
Communication
Coordination
Cooperation
Temporary Traffic Control
Advanced Warning Area
Transition Area
Activity Area
Termination Area
Blocking
Positioning of emergency vehicles on an angle to the lanes of traffic creating a physical barrier between traffic and the work area
Shadowing
The protected work area at vehicle-related roadway incident that is shielded by the block from emergency vehicles also know as Safe Zone or Work Zone
Cone Placement and Light Discipline
Use hand signals when deploying cones
Always face traffic when deploying
Be able to deploy a 200 foot taper with at least 5 cones at 50 foot increments at a 45 degree angle
Place at least one cone 10 feet behind your unit as a safety point of reference
Flares
Be able to deploy a 200 foot taper with at least 5 cones at 50 foot increments at a 45 degree angle
Place at least one flare 10 feet behind your unit as a safety point of reference
Clearance
The safe and quick removal of vehicles, debris and spilled cargo in order to restore the roadway to full capacity
LA RS 32:153
Instant tow dispatch pilot program creation
LA RS 32:141
Stopping, standing, or parking outside business or residence districts (move it laws)
LA RS 32:142
Abandoned vehicle immediate removal
LA RS 32:473.1
Abandoned vehicle removal within 24 hours
LA RS 32:125
Passing a parked emergency vehicle
LA RS 32:1567
Coroner misconceptions about moving a body at a fatal scene
Section 1971
Fire ground authority