T&M Vital Signs

Question Answer
what are 5 factors affecting vital signs level or amount of physical activity – environment temp – age – emotional status – physiologic status
what are the 5 vital signs pulse – respiration – temperature – blood pressure – pain
what is pulse indirect measure of heart rate (contraction of left ventricle) indicates the rate at which the heart is beating
6 pulse terminologys strong and irregular (adequate force, consistent beats) – weak and regular (poor force, even beats) – irregular (strong and weak beats) – thready (weak force, irregular beats) – bradycardia (slow <60bpm) – tachycardia (rapid >100 bom)
what is the pulse grading 0 (absent) – 1+ (weak, barely palpable) – 2+ (normal) – 3+ (full, moderately increased) – 4+ (bounding, markedly increased)
what are the normal pulse rate ranges 0-1 (100-160) – 1-10 (70-120) – 11-17 (60-100) – Adults (60-100) – high level athletes (40-60)
what's a normal respiration rate for adults and infants 12-18 and 30-50
rhythm regularity of the pattern
depth amount of air exchanged
character deviations from normal respiration
dyspnea difficulty breathing
bradypnea and tachypnea <12 breaths/minute – > 20 breath/minute
why are 5 factors affecting body temperature gender – recent activity – food and fluid composition – time of day – emotional status
apnea absence of breath
orthopnea abnormal breathing in recumbent position
recumbent position sitting up slightly leaned back
what is blood pressure force against the arterial walls when the heart beats
hypothermia when body temp drops below 95 degreees F
hypoxia low oxygen

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