TheatreMidTerm

Which statement BEST defines the rules about how to experience a theatrical performance?
A) The audience sits in the dark and quietly watches the play
B) The audience is encouraged to interact socially during the play, and come and go freely
C) There are no rules on how to experience a theatrical performance, but it may be more satisfying if one pays attention and uses their imagination
D) The audience must read the play prior to the performance
C
Although some theatre critics may write flippant remarks, the most constructive or useful criticism:
A.Balances itself with a discussion of both excellence and shortcomings
B.Provides sufficient description of the production for the reader to understand the experience
C.Seeks to understand, evaluate the effectives of the production, and relates (however subjectively) its ultimate worth
DAll of the above
D
Which statement best describes “willing suspension of disbelief?”
A technique used by actors in which they defer their own reality to accept that of the play
A dynamic in which the audience agrees to accept the fictional world of the play on an imaginative level while knowing it to be untrue
A psychological dynamic in which one group of audience members can affect the responses of others to an event, particularly if they share the same cultural background
A technique utilized by playwrights when they imagine their characters to be real people
B
What types of intelligence does theatre develop and make use of?
Verbal
Mathematical
Musical
All of the above
D
Tragedy is a form associated especially with:
Ancient Rome
Elizabethan England
Restoration England
None of the above
B
Two of the most common plot structures are episodic and sequential
True
False
True
Style in the theatre stems only from the manner in which a playwright uses the elements of drama
True
False
False
What the audience sees is always the only possible interpretation of the script
True
False
False
All theatre depends upon a script as its basic starting point
True
False
False
Parades, juggling, pantomime and street carnivals may all be considered theatrical entertainments
True
False
True
Which is NOT a characteristic of theatrical space?
Size
Degree of formality
Location
Configuration
B
In which arrangement is the audience seated on at least 2 but not more than 3 sides of the stage?
Proscenium arch
Thrust
Arena
None of the above
B
In which arrangement is a production’s costumes likely to be the least detailed?
Proscenium Arch
Thrust
Arena
Free-form
A
Which is NOT an element of design?
Line
Shape
Harmony
Texture
C
Which of these practitioners make use of visual design?
Actors
Directors
Lighting design
All of the Above
D
The level of formality expressed through architecture and decoration within a theatre does not affect an audience’s expectations or responses to a production
True
False
False
In a flexible space theatre, the audience seating and performance areas may not be rigidly fixed
True
False
True
Small professional companies, such as Off-Off Broadway theatres, have more extensive auxiliary spaces than regional and university theatres usually do
True
False
True
Theatre artists are able, through careful collaboration and coordination of visual and aural signs, to ensure that the audience will fully interpret their intentions
True
False
True
The principles of design are: line, shape, space, color, texture, and ornamentation
True
False
False
The source of a playwright’s inspiration can be foreseen
True
False
False
Which playwright wrote the climactic scene first and worked backwards from there?
Henrik Ibsen
Samuel Beckett
Victorien Sardou
Sam Shepard
C
A playwright should:
be sure dialogue places the emphasis at the right point
make sure dramatic action is clear
create a play which is effective in performance
all of the above
D
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing is credited as:
the first German playwright to write in English
founded the Hamburg National Theatre
being the first dramaturg
the first in-house critic who refused to work with the director
C
A dramaturg’s work can be divided between literary management and production dramaturgy functions.
True
False
True
The director works with performers and designers to transform the playwright’s work using resources allotted by the producer
True
False
True
Producers are responsible for:
raising capital
keeping the production costs within budget constraints
recovering investment made
all of the above
D
Carly Conklin directed:
Much Ado About Nothing
TopDog/UnderDog
Columbinus
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
C
The 3 basic approaches to directing are:
literal, figurative, interpretive
translation, literal, auteur
auteur, imaginative, conservative
figurative, translation, literary management
B
Throughout the rehearsal process, the director ignores the actor’s mistakes so the actor can develop an authentic character.
True
False
False
Up to 16th Century BC Western theatre:
financed by and performed for the community
available only for brief periods of time as offerings to pagan gods
flourished in ancient Greece, Rome and medieval Europe
all of the above
D
Ancient Greeks believed human beings were capable of making significant decisions about their lives
True
False
False
In Greek tragedy and drama,
Happiness depended on harmony between human and supernatural forces;
Greek tragedy often shows the results of human attempts to escape fate
both A and B
neither A or B
C
Dionysus was the god of wine and revelry, and
associated with a number of irrational forces, worshipped through the festival plays, his blessing was sought to ensure human fertility and a good harvest
demanded sacrifice of the Greek chorus 11 months prior to City Dionysia
is based on a real human being whose feats at war became part of Greek myths
was not that important to Greek theatre
A
Of the surviving Greek tragedies, Oedipus Rex by Sophocles is considered to be the basis for much of Shakespeare’s work
True
False
True
Romans placed theatrical performance in same category as sports and other forms of diversion
True
False
True
The only surviving examples of Roman tragedy are by Seneca
True
False
True
Vernacular drama of the Middle Ages was:
sung in Latin
performed by laymen
financed by the church
influenced by Shakespeare
C
Earthly time and place were relatively unimportant in Medieval theatre
True
False
False
This movement resulted in the outlaw of religious drama and the temporary closure of theatres:
Tartuffe
Protestant Reformation
Neoclassicism
Restoration
B
During the Renaissance:
a rebirth in learning died out
Realism and human emotion became less important
Playwrights began to write plays that imitated or adapted classical subjects, or mingled medieval and classical elements
Shakespeare and Moliere were invited to Paris
C
Bans on religious drama meant that playwrights looked to:
Classical literature
Historical literature
Legends
All of the above
D
Those who supported religious drama rejected secular drama, believing that it encouraged immorality, kept people from work, and spread disease
True
False
True
Music accompanied songs and dances, and almost all performances concluded with a jig.
True
False
True
Commedia dell’Arte scenarios meant that performances seemed spontaneous, but actors had to keep the plot in mind.
True
False
True
Italian stock characters included:
Lovers, masters and servants
Lovers, a jester and a merchant
Richelieu, Goldoni and Orgon
Servants, a pope and the fop
A
Civil wars based in the religious controversy of the Protestant Reformation had very little impact on the development of French theatre during the 16th and 17th Centuries.
True
False
False
Neoclassicism principles included:
Genres should be firmly restricted to tragedy and comedy;
Characters should behave with decorum – that is – behavior appropriate to their gender and socioeconomic status;
All plays should uphold “poetic justice”;
All of the above
D
Moliere’s play “Tartuffe” is primarily concerned with the indiscretions of Pope Gregory.
True
False
True