the cabinet departments

state
1789
-makes foreign policy, including treaty negotiations
treasury
1789
-serves as the gov’t’s banker
defense
1947
-formed by the consolidation of the former dept.’s of war and the Navy
justice
1870
-serves as the gov’t’s attorney; headed by the attorney general
interior
1849
-manages the nation’s natural resources; including wildlife and public lands
agriculture
1862
-administers farm and food stamp programs and aids farmers
commerce
1903
-aids businesses and conducts the US census
labor
1913
-formed through separation from the Dept. of Commerce; runs programs and aids labor in various ways
health and human services
1953
-originally created as the Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, it lost its education function in 1979 and Social Security in 1995
housing and urban development
1966
-responsible for housing and urban programs
transportation
1966
-responsible for mass transportation and highway programs
energy
1977
-responsible for energy policy and research, including atomic energy
education
1979
-responsible for the federal gov’t’s education programs
veterans affairs
1988
-responsible for programs aiding veterans
homeland security
2002
-responsible for protecting against terrorism and responding to natural disasters
national security council
the committee that links the president’s key foreign and military advisers.
national security council
Formal members include the president, vice president, and secretaries of state and defense, but its informal membership is broader
president’s special assistant for national security affairs
the occupant of this post has responsibility for running the council’s staff; together they provide the pres. with info. and policy recommendations on national security, aid the pres. in national security crisis management, coordinate agency and dept. activities bearing on national security, and monitor the implementation of national security policy
council of economic advisers
has three members, each appointed by the pres., who advises him on economic policy.
council of economic advisers
prepare the annual “Economic Report of the President”, which includes data and analysis on the current state and future trends of the economy
council of economic advisers
help the pres. make policy on inflation, unemployment, and other economic matters
office of management and budget
grew out of the bureau of the Budget created in 1921…composed of a handful of political appointees and more than 600 career officials, many of whom are highly skilled professionals
office of management and budget
their major responsibility is to prepare the president’s budget
Nixon
revamped the Bureau of Budget in 1970 in an attempt to make it a managerial as well as a budgetary agency, changing its name and process to stress its managerial functions
office of management and budget
considered the “clearinghouse”. Presidents use this to review legislative proposals from the cabinet and other executive agencies so that they can determine whether they want an agency to propose these initiatives to Congress.
office of management and budget
assesses the proposal’s budgetary implications and advises presidents on the proposals’ consistency with their overall program
office of management and budget
plays an important role in reviewing regulations proposed by dept.’s and agencies