Study Guide Unit 1 Chapter 3 and 4

Question Answer
Copperheads Northern Democrat who opposed the Civil War, advocating peace and restoration of the Union even if slavery continued.
Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward
Total War a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
War of Attrition Attrition warfare is a military strategy in which a belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel. The war will usually be won by the side with greater such resourc
Amnesty an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
Black Codes In the United States, the Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on
Carpetbaggers In United States history, a carpetbagger was a Northerner who moved to the South after the American Civil War, during the Reconstruction era (1865–1877).
Sharecroppers a tenant farmer who gives a part of each crop as rent.
Compromise of 1877 The Compromise of 1877 was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era.
Reconstruction acts On Mar. 2, 1867, Congress enacted the Reconstruction Act, which, supplemented later by three related acts, divided the South (except Tennessee) into five military districts in which the authority of the army commander was supreme.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Sickness.
What is the Anaconda Plan? The strategy was nicknamed the Anaconda Plan in the newspapers because it would strangle the Confederacy the way the anaconda snake constricts its victim.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? Copperheads.
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Jim Crow laws, in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song
What is the Crittenden Compromise? Search Results Image result for What is the Crittenden Compromise? The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful proposal introduced by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden on December 18, 1860. It aimed to resolve the U.S. secession crisis of 1860–1861
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? Plessy v. Ferguson, The Supreme Court: Civil Rights Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, on May 18, 1896, by a seven-to-one majority (one justice did not participate), advanced the controversial “separate but equal” doctrine
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) Britain and the UK.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? General Albert Sidney Johnston,
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? 1865.
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Proclamation.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? fantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Where did the South surrender? On April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, surrendered his beleaguered Confederate forces to Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army.
What is Reconstruction? he Union victory in the Civil War in 1865 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) introduced a new set of significance
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth
What did the 13th Amendment do? Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary.

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