Study Guide Unit 1

Question Answer
Copperheads Northerners who sympathized with the South.
Emancipation Proclamation Decreed that all slaves living in areas still rebelling against the United States would be free.
Total War A strategy to target the economy of the enemy.
War of Attrition A plan to continue fighting until the south ran out of men, supplies, and the will to fight.
Amnesty A official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
Black Codes Laws limiting the former slaves.
Carpetbaggers Northern Republicans, both Whites and African Americans, eager to participate in the state convention.
Sharecroppers Farmers who worked land in return for a share of the crops, a cabin, seed, tools, and a mule.
Compromise of 1877 In return for the Democrats' acceptance of Hayes as president, the Republicans agreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the South.
Reconstruction acts Divided the former Confederacy into five military districts .
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Disease and Infection.
What is the Anaconda Plan? A naval blockade designed to 'slowly squeeze the life out of the South.'
What were Northerners who sympathized with the South called? Copperheads
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Laws that separated the races.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? The Crittenden Compromise was one attempt to compromise with the Secessionist by separating America into two halves.
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? Plessy lost; segregation became legal.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) France and Great Britain.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? Albert Johnson and P. G. T. Beauregard.
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? 1962
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Emancipation Proclamation.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? A Union infantry mostly made up of African American soldiers.
Where did the South surrender? At the Appomattox Courthouse.
What is Reconstruction? The changing of laws in the South.
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth
What did the 13th Amendment do? Abolished slavery.

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