Study Guide Unit 1

Question Answer
Copperheads Northern Democrat who opposed the Civil War, advocating peace and restoration of the Union even if slavery continued.
Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward
Total War a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
War of Attrition Attrition warfare is a military strategy in which a belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel. The war will usually be won by the side with greater such resource
Amnesty an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
Black Codes Black codes closely resembled pre-Civil War slave codes. Mississippi, for example simply recycles its old code substituting the word freedman for slave.
Carpetbaggers the arrival of northern republicans both whites and African Americans eager to participate in the state conventions increased resentment among many white southerners. They called these northern Republicans carpetbaggers.
Sharecroppers Planters that solved their labor problems with sharecroppers
Compromise of 1877 Republicans agreed to withdraw the remaining federal troops from the south if the Democrats accepted Hayes as president.
Reconstruction acts On January 1867 a bill granting African Americans and the right to vote in the district of Columbia.
What killed more soldiers in the civil war than battle? Sickness did.
What is the Anacona Plan? The strategy was nicknamed the Anaconda Plan in the newspapers because it would strangle the Confederacy the way the anaconda snake constricts its victim.
What were Northerners called who sympathized with the South called? Copperheads
What were the Jim Crow Laws? Jim Crow laws, in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and municipalities, beginning in the 1880?s, that legalized segregation between blacks and whites. The name is believed to be derived from a character in a popular minstrel song.
What is the Crittenden Compromise? Search Results Image result for What is the Crittenden Compromise? The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful proposal introduced by Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden on December 18, 1860. It aimed to resolve the U.S. secession crisis of 1860–1861
What was the outcome of Plessy v Ferguson? The Supreme Court: Civil Rights Encyclop?dia Britannica, Inc.case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, , by a seven-to-one majority (one justice did not participate), advanced the controversial “separate but equal” doctrine for assessing racial terms.
Who were the South relying on to help in the Civil War? ( 2 Countries in Europe) Britain and the UK.
Who led the South in the Battle of Shiloh? General Albert Sidney Johnston,
What kind of ruler was George McClellon? (Reluctant or Brave) Reluctant.
What year did Congress allow African Americans to fight in the War? 1865
What stated that any slave living in a rebelling state was free? The Proclamation.
What was the 54th Massachusetts infantry? fantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Where did the South surrender? On April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, surrendered his beleaguered Confederate forces to Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army.
What is Reconstruction? he Union victory in the Civil War in 1865 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period (1865-1877) introduced a new set of signifi
Who killed Abraham Lincoln? hotly after 10 p.m. on April 14, 1865, actor John Wilkes Booth entered the presidential box at Ford's Theater in Washington D.C., and fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln.
What did the 13th Amendment do? Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary.

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