Study Guide Test 8

Controlling body weight is best accomplished by
controlling body fat
The number of premature deaths among Americans each year that can be attributed to inactivity and overweight is ________ or higher.
100,000
According to the National Institutes of Health, about ________ of American adults are overweight.
67%
Weight loss of _______ of body weight is enough to reduce health risks and increase life expectancy in obese individuals.
5-10%
Which of the following statements about genetic factors in obesity is true?
600 genes linked to obesity
Resting metabolic rate is
energy required (in calories) to maintain vital body functions
Which one of the following is the largest component of metabolism?
RMR (resting metabolic rate)
Metabolic rate is higher in
People who exercise
A lifestyle factor which leads to successful weight management is
healthy diet
The greater the amount of muscle mass, the
higher RMR
Which one of the following elements in the energy balance equation is under individual control?
almost all; elements are under individual control. If you burn the same amount of energy as you take in, your weight remains constant. If you consume more calories than you burn, your weight increases. If you burn more calories than you consume then your weight decreases.
A hormone thought to be linked to obesity is
leptin and insulin
A negative energy balance of _______ calories is needed to produce a one pound weight loss
3500
On average, Americans exercise ________ minutes per day.
15 minutes
Which of the following statements about psychological and social factors in eating behavior is TRUE?
binge eating
An example of a snack low in energy density is
carrots, apples, corn on the cob, sweet potatoes
Energy density is
# of calories per ounce or gram of weight in a food
Which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?
eating habits
How much daily physical activity is recommended for someone who is trying to maintain weight loss?
60-90 minutes
A person’s ongoing internal comments and discussion is called
self-talk
Which of the following is an appropriate use of food?
to not use it manage stress
Which of the following characteristics should be looked for in evaluating and selecting a diet book?
reject books that promise quick weight loss/use gimmicks/scientific breakthrough
Which of the following books is most likely to contain valid weight management information?
balanced approach to diet plus exercise
Which of the following groups is more likely to consume excess calories throughout the day?
reduced fat calories: soda, sport drinks, coffee, teas
Adverse effects of ephedra includes
elevated blood pressure, panic attacks, seizures, insomnia
The fiber in diet pills
acts as a bulking agent in the large intestines so it has little effect
Prescription drugs that treat obesity
most are often prescribed for weight loss are appetitie suppressants that reduce feelings of hunger
Prescription weight-loss drugs are usually recommended only to people with a BMI
30 or over 27 if two or more additional risk factors such as diabetes and high blood pressure
People with body dysmorphic disorder
are overly concerned with physical appearance, often focusing on slight flaws
Muscle dysmorphia is characterized by
distorted body image
An eating disorder characterized by a refusal to eat enough food to maintain a minimally normal body weight is
anorexia nervousa
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by
when someone engages in a recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by purging
Which of the following is a good strategy for a successful weight loss program?
set reasonable goals
Body weight and body fat can be controlled by balancing calories consumed with calories expended in daily activities.
TRUE
If both parents are overweight, their children are twice as likely to be overweight as children with one overweight parent.
TRUE
Women usually have higher metabolic rates than men.
FALSE; men have a higher metabolic rates than women
A history of weight loss reduces metabolic rate.
TRUE
Individuals who increase their fat free mass increase their metabolic rate.
TRUE
People who eat out usually consume more calories than people who eat at home.
TRUE
Most people overestimate the amount of food and calories they consume.
FALSE
Disturbed eating patterns can develop when food is used to regulate emotions.
TRUE
On average, Americans spend more than ten times more time watching television each day than they do exercising.
TRUE
A food with a high energy density has a small number of calories per ounce of weight
TRUE
Reduced-fat foods usually contain significantly fewer calories than their full-fat counterparts.
FALSE; usually have extra sugar to improve the taste and texture lost when fat is removed. It may be just as high or higher in calories than the fattier counterparts
If you are trying to maintain weight loss, authorities recommend at least 60 minutes of moderate physical activity per day.
TRUE
It is recommended that a person should lose no more than 0.5 to 2 pounds per week.
TRUE
Most over-the-counter diet aids containing fiber contribute about half of a day’s recommended dietary fiber intake.
FALSE; it doesn’t contribute much only contains 3 or fewer grams than what is needed (25-38 grams)
The best predictor of maintaining weight loss after a commercial weight-loss program is regular exercise.
TRUE
95% of people affected by anorexia nervosa are women.
TRUE
The body mass index (BMI) of Miss America winners has increased since the 1920s, paralleling the increase in BMI among Americans.
FALSE; decreased significantly over time.