Stress Management Ch 5, 6, 7, 8

An intrapersonal matter is between
you and you
Being malnourished means you
eat either too little or too much
Examples of foods high in saturated fats would include
Red meat, Butter, Whole Milk, All of the choices are correct.
Self-imposed starvation is known as
Anorexia Nervosa
Food substances that produce a stress‑like response are known as
both pseudostressors and sympathomimetics.
Examples of sympathomimetics include all the following, except
coffee, chocolate, nicotine, All the choices would be examples
A deficiency in B complex and Vitamin C can result in which condition?
anxiety, insomnia, muscular weakness, all of these
A condition in which bones become weak and brittle and the sufferer is at an increased risk for fractures is known as
osteoporosis
A condition of low blood sugar is known as
hypoglycemia
All of the following can be an effect of noise, except
headaches, anxiety, muscle tension, All the choices are correct.
Noise that helps you relax and also drowns out other sounds that may interfere with relaxation is called
white noise
A word that is the focus of meditation is called
a mantra
The presence of significant others with whom one can discuss stressors is called
social support
Daily interactions that are essentially negative are known as
hassles
Positive events that make us feel good are known as
uplifts
According to Lazarus,
daily hassles are more harmful than significant life changes
It is possible to eliminate all stress from your life.
False
Diets high in saturated fats increase the amount of cholesterol in the blood.
True
An overemphasis on dieting can itself be unhealthy.
True
Some diets are unhealthy and can lead to even more stress.
True
Eating disorders are more prevalent in Western culture where food is plentiful and feminine attractiveness is associated with thinness.
True
Chronic stress can deplete the absorption of vitamins that we take into our bodies.
True
Stress can interfere with calcium absorption in the intestines.
True
Lazarus perceived stress to be a function of
Demands exceeding resources
Activities to prevent a stressor from resulting in negative consequences are known as
interventions
Interpretation of a stressor is known as
Cognitive appraisal
After a life situation is perceived as stressful, what occurs next?
Emotional arousal
In the stress model, emotional reaction leads to
Physiological arousal
All of the following are examples of physiological arousal except
Feeling overwhelmed
An unhealthy roadblock might consist of
misdirected anger, illicit drugs, ignoring”gut feelings” All the choices are correct
Which of the following is an example of eustress?
These are all examples of eustress
Stress that results in negative consequences such as decreased performance growth is called
Distress
Which of the following would be an example of taking control?
communicating directly with the person who has upset you, seeking a solution to a problem you have created, practicing relaxation techniques, All of the above
Outcome efficacy is a form of appraisal
Regarding the ability of others
Incomplete stress management programs teach participants only one or just a few stress management techniques
True
The goal with stress management is to eliminate all of your stress
False
You are in much greater control over yourself than you may realize
True
Managing stress is an exercise in understanding which part of the stressor is controllable
True
Trying very hard to control stress will create stress
True
Lazarus’ idea of task-oriented coping and emotion-focused coping do NOT require an appraisal of demand
False
Primary appraisal is the determination of resources available to manage a stressor or threat
True
Taking notes from a text book to prepare for an exam is an example of emotion-focused
False
Coping is a necessary function of managing demands
True
Self-efficacy is the perception of confidence in the ability to meet a demand
True
Expressing yourself and satisfying your own needs, feeling good about this, and not hurting others in the process is known as
assertive behavior
Seeking to dominate or to get your own way at the expense of others is known as
aggressive behavior
Sacrificing your own needs or wants to meet someone else’s needs or wants is known as
nonassertive behavior
Aggressive nonverbal communication would include which of the following?
leaning forward, with glaring eyes, clenching fists, hands placed on hips and head-wagging, All the choices are correct.
Relating your feelings regarding another person’s behavior is which component of the DESC form?
Express
Paraphrasing a speaker’s words and feelings is known as
both active and reflective listening.
Which of the following is true about nonverbal body language?
it s is easy to misinterpret, it can be a primary mode of communication, it can be limited to eye contact, All the choices are true.
All of the following are true about “I” statements, except
when we use “I,” we are avoiding directed criticism.
The first step of selective awareness is to
recognize positive and negative elements.
What often prevents us from experiencing life fully is
the routine of daily experiences, sensory overload, going too fast, all of these
Humor has been shown to
improve tolerance of pain, decrease stress response, improve functioning of immune system, do all of these
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Type A behavior?
assertiveness
A behavior pattern that is not excessively competitive, with no free-floating hostility and no sense of time urgency, is called
Type B
Researchers have developed two components of Type A behavior that appear to operate in opposing directions. These two components are
impatience/irritability and achievement striving
How highly you regard yourself is known as
self-esteem
The perception that one has little control over events that affect one’s life is known as
external locus of control
The belief that one is either the victim of circumstances or the master of circumstances, each of which is erroneous, is known as
co-creator perception deficiency
An unrealistic fear that manifests itself in physiological arousal and is accompanied by the behavioral signs of escape or avoidance is
anxiety
Anxiety that is either temporary in nature or specific to a particular stimulus is known as
state anxiety
A general sense of anxiety not specific to a particular stimulus is known as
trait anxiety
Feelings of terror that strike suddenly and repeatedly with no warning is known as
panic disorder
If you are having a panic attack, which of the following will most likely occur?
Your heart will pound, You will feel sweaty, You will feel weak, All the choices are equally likely to occur.
A feeling of intense and disabling self-consciousness with an intense and persistent feeling of being watched, judged, and evaluated in a negative manner is called
social phobia
An intense fear of something that poses little or no actual danger is known as a(n)
specific phobia
Either imagining or encountering an anxiety-provoking stimulus while practicing relaxation is known as
systematic desensitization
A method of coping with anxiety that consist of examining irrational beliefs is known as
ABCDE technique
A state of mind and body that includes three factors: commitment, control, and challenge, is known as
hardiness
Self-efficacy is the personal belief that the self
can be successful
Studies have shown that self-efficacy plays a role in
academic stress levels, life satisfaction, occupational stress, all of these
Which of the following are techniques for managing anxiety?
environmental planning, self-talk, thought stopping, all of these
We may not be able to choose a situation, but we can choose how we perceive the situation
True
Control and responsibility go hand in hand
True
Phobias are irrational fears
True
Anxiety only has a cognitive (thought) component
False
Progressive relaxation and autogenic training are relaxation techniques directed toward cognitive stress
True
Cognitive restructuring is not an effective technique for fear reduction or coping
False