Sport Management Chapter 7

When collegiate sports first began, by whom were they run and organized?
Students
When did the shift toward professional coaches and an emphasis on winning begin?
Early 1900s
When, where, between who, and what was the first collegiate athletic competition?
1852, NH, Harvard and Yale, rowing
How did President Theodore Roosevelt intervene in college athletics?
Held conferences for coaches, faculty, and alumni from Harvard, Yale, and Princeton to ask that they carry out the letter and spirit of football rules, prompted by death and brutality charges
Why and when was the IAAUS founded?
Administrators were under enough pressure to form their own regulatory body, 1906
What did the IAAUS become, and when?
The NCAA, 1910
What characteristics differentiate NCAA divisions?
Number of sports, size of athletic department, attendance and seating capacity, and offering of grants in aid
Characteristic of D I schools (3)
1. Large number of scholarships
2. Minimum of 7 sports for both male and female
3. 2 football subdivisions (FBS, 85 scholarships; FCS, 63 scholarships)
Characteristics of D II schools (2)
1. Fewer scholarships
2. Minimum of 5 sports for both male and female
Characteristics of D III schools (3)
1. No scholarships
2. Minimum of 5 sports for male and female
3. Athletic department is small, but still has same functions
How many NCAA institutions were there as of 2007?
1288
What is the largest NCAA division, and what percentage does it take?
D III, 40%
What is the NAIA?
National Association for Intercollegiate Athletics, rival association with NCAA
How many members does the NAIA currently have?
300
How is junior college sport governed?
Separately from four year schools, but in the same form
What was the AIAW and why does it no longer exist?
Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women.
Lasted until the NCAA expanded to include women’s sports
What purposes are served by athletic conferences? (5)
1. To establish rules and regulations that support and sustain a level playing field for member institutions
2. Creating in-season and post-season competition
3. Distributing money (bowl money, tv money, merch money)
4. Helps maintain consistent revenue
5. Provides publicity
How many NCAA athletic departments turned a profit in 2006?
19, but can be as little as 10
What types of positions can commonly lead to the job of athletic director?
Positions in budgeting, finance, management, marketing, fundraising, and communications
What is the function of a development department?
To raise money for athletics
What is a senior women’s administrator?
The highest ranking woman in an NCAA athletic department, an advocate for women’s sports and female student athletes