Social studies homesteading

Open Range
A vast area of grassland owned by the government where ranchers could graze their herds for free
Vaquero
Hispanic ranch hand
Homesteaders
a settler granted a homestead by the United States government
Sod Busters
Name for Plains farmers, who built their homes from sod.
Assimilation
The process of slowly shifting Native Americans into the American lifestyle
Dawes Act
law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
Vigilante
A citizen who takes the law into his or her own hands
Wounded Knee
U.S. cavalry slaughter of Native Americans marketing the end of the Indian Wars on the Great Plain
Homestead Act
Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
Combines
Mixed Economy
Barbed Wire
Invented by Joseph Glidden, it ended open range with boundaries and led to range wars
Civil Rights Act of 1875
– no discrimination on color, race, religion, sex, or national origin
Little Big Horn
1876; Sitting Bull defeats Custer’s troops, marks the last major battle of the war between the indians and the Union
Chief Joseph
leader of the Nez Perce in their retreat from United States troops
Sitting Bull
American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn. He was later killed at wounded knee
Transcontinental RR
A railroad spanning, strched from east to west coast time zones were made to make travel more reliable and safe
Cash Crop
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
Social Isolation
The condition of being solitary or not in regular contact with other individuals
Exodusters
African Americans who settled on the Great Plains