Social Studies Age of Exploration

Term Definition
Middle Ages Time period in Europe between the fall of the roman empire and the beginning of the Renaissance; sometimes considered the "Dark Ages"
Crusades Holy wars between Muslims and Christians over the holy land of Jerusalem
Renaissance "rebirth" of learning that took place in Europe between the 1300's and 1600's
printing press machine that increases the speed at which books and other printed materials could be produced
magnetic compass device indicates the direction of north
astrolabe device that helped people use objects in the sky to determine latitude
caravel fast-sailing ship with rudder and triangular sails that could sail against the wind
Mercator Projection Map that helped sailors plan an accurate sailing route
Columbian Exchange Trading of goods, ideas, and diseases, between the Old World and New World
conquistador Spanish conquerer
Laws of the Indies system of laws set up by the Spanish government to control the Spanish colonies in the Americas; divided people into social classes based on race
peninsulars people living in the Spanish colonies that were born in Spain; highest social class set up by Laws of of Indies and usually the ruling class
creoles people living in the Spanish colonies that were born in America but had Spanish parents;second-highest social class set up by Laws of the Indies
mestizos people living in the Spanish colonies that were part Spanish and part Native American; second-lowest class social class set up by Laws of the Indies
Indian class people living in the Spanish colonies that were full-blood Native Americans; lowest social class set up by Laws of the Indies and usually set up by Laws of the Indies and usually enslaved

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