Soc Wk 4350

Organizations
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal., or ‘Committees of Correspondence’
Public versus private private organizations
public charities receive funding from the public at large.A private foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization with few sources of funding and which makes grants to other charities rather than operating its own charitable services. Private foundations are often funded by a single individual, family, or corporation.
Non profit organizations
Non-profit organizations typically fall into one of two categories: public and private.
Public non profit organization
While a public non-profit organization receives the majority of its funding from the general public, a private non-profit organization receives most of its funds from only a few private sources, such as through donations from a single family or corporation.
Profit organizations
A business or other organization whose primary goal is making money (a profit), as opposed to a non profit organization which focuses a goal such as helping the community and is concerned with money only as much as necessary to keep the organization operating. Most companies considered to be businesses are for profit organizations; this includes anything from retail stores to restaurants to insurance companies to real estate companies.
sectarian/non secrarian organization
religious vs non religious
People changing versus people processing organizations
Try to change behavior patterns and attitudes on people on whom they are working, Processing is when they confer new status on them.(processing Examples are schools) (changing employment agencies-people processing)
Primary versus secondary social work setting
A primary setting is the setting where direct care is administered, while a secondary setting would be an office or classroom where tertiary services are administered.
The four managerial principles
Planning,organizing, coordinating(influencing) control
Tasks environments of organizations
Political-Legal Dimension,Economic Dimension,Socio-cultural dimension,Technological Dimension
Difference between business vs.human service organization.
Equity,consumer dependency,attitude toward competition,technology,marketing strategies,consumer interactions,Evaluation of success and beneficiary issue.
Scientific management
An early 20th century school of management thought concerned primarily with the physical efficiency of an individual worker.

Scientific management is based on the work of the US engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915)

Administrative management
Henri Fayol (1841-1925), managers began to get the tools they needed to lead and manage more effectively. Fayol, and others like him, are responsible for building the foundations of modern management theory.
Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management:

Division of Work – When employees are specialized, output can increase because they become increasingly skilled and efficient.
Authority – Managers must have the authority to give orders, but they must also keep in mind that with authority comes responsibility.
Discipline – Discipline must be upheld in organizations, but methods for doing so can vary.
Unity of Command – Employees should have only one direct supervisor.
Unity of Direction – Teams with the same objective should be working under the direction of one manager, using one plan. This will ensure that action is properly coordinated.
Subordination of Individual Interests to the General Interest – The interests of one employee should not be allowed to become more important than those of the group. This includes managers.
Remuneration – Employee satisfaction depends on fair remuneration for everyone. This includes financial and non-financial compensation.
Centralization – This principle refers to how close employees are to the decision-making process. It is important to aim for an appropriate balance.
Scalar Chain – Employees should be aware of where they stand in the organization’s hierarchy, or chain of command.
Order – The workplace facilities must be clean, tidy and safe for employees. Everything should have its place.
Equity – Managers should be fair to staff at all times, both maintaining discipline as necessary and acting with kindness where appropriate.
Stability of Tenure of Personnel – Managers should strive to minimize employee turnover. Personnel planning should be a priority.
Initiative – Employees should be given the necessary level of freedom to create and carry out plans.
Esprit de Corps – Organizations should strive to promote team spirit and unity.

Bureaucracy
Departments that make up a large organization, such as a government (Max Weber 1864-1920)
Human Relations management
it has been interpreted to mean that when employees feel important and recognized, they exhibit greater motivation to excel in their work activities
participative Management
Participative Management refers to as an open form of management where employees are actively involved in organization’s decision making process
Role of Board of Directors
The Board of Directors is the governing body for a company. All major decisions will need to be ratified by the Board. You will need the Board’s approval to sell your company. You will need the Board’s approval to hire or fire a CEO. You will need the Board’s approval to do a major acquisition. You will need the Board’s approval to do a major financing, including an IPO. On all matters of major strategic importance, the Board will need to be engaged, involved, and supportive.
Fund raising
The organized activity or an instance of soliciting money or pledges, as for charitable organizations or political campaigns
Perception
The process by which people translate sensory impressions into a coherent and unified view of the world around them. Though necessarily based on incomplete and unverified (or unreliable) information, perception is equated with reality for most practical purposes and guides human behavior in general.
power
nguvu. power is the ability to influence or control the behavior of people. The term authority is often used for power perceived as …