S-130 Wildland

What is a direct attack?
0-5 feet next to the fire. Safest place to be because no unburned fuel between you and fire
What is an indirect attack?
>5 feet from edge of fire, usually using drip torch.
What does LCES stand for?
Lookouts
Communications
Escape Routes
Safety zones
What is a deployment zone?
It’s the area of last resort, where you will have to use your fire shelter to stay alive.
What is a safety zone?
Location where a threatened firefighter may find refuge from danger without the aid of a fire shelter.
What are some mandatory personal protective items?
Hard hat
Eye protection
Gloves
Flame-resistant clothing
Boots
Fire Shelter
Water
Which hand tools are used in so Cal?
Pulaski
McLeod
Shovel
Rhino
Drip torch
Fusees
What are some firing devices?
Fusee
Drip torch
Barry pistol
How do you approach a helicopter?
From a 45 degree angle.
What are 3 important weather factors?
Wind
Relative humidity
Precipitation
When should a fire shelter be visually inspected?
When it is issued to you
At the beginning of each fire season
Every 2 weeks during fire season
What should you have with you inside the fire shelter?
Gloves
Radio
Hard hat
Water
When should you take the fire shelter out of service?
Signs of damage: Abrasions, tears, punctures, or 1/2″ or more of foil missing
What are the 2 most important functions of the fire shelter?
To reflect radiant heat
To provide cooler, breathable air
What are 5 wild land urban interface watch outs?
Wooden construction and wood shake roofs
Inadequate water supply
Extreme fire behavior
Strong winds
Bridge load limits
Where are some good places to deploy a fire shelter?
Seek the lowest point
Greatest distance from nearest fuels
Smooth surface textures
Utilize heat barriers
Remove ground fuels
Group shelters as close as possible
What are the types of hose lays?
Simple hose lay
Progressive hose lay
What is a simple hose lay?
Lengths of hose connected from the pumper to the fire with a nozzle. No lateral lines connecting off the lay
What is a progressive hose lay?
A hose lay where wye valves are inserted at intervals along the lay where lateral lines can connect.
What is an undercut used for?
A fire line below a fire on a slope. Used to catch rolling material.
What is a tanker?
Fixed wing aircraft that drop water or retardant
What is a finger?
An area that burns away from the main part of the fire.
What is a spot fire?
Burning area outside the main fire perimeter.
What are the 5 steps to the risk management process?
1) Situation awareness
2) Hazard assessment
3) Hazard control
4) Decision point
5) Evaluate
For large burns and/or complicated situations what should be used?
Some type of grid (block) system
Who should the lookout be?
Most experienced firefighter
Which standing orders are about fire behavior?
1-3
Which standing orders are about fire line safety?
4-6
Which standing orders are about organization?
7-9
What is a control line?
All natural or constructed fire barriers and treated edges used to control fire.
What is a fire line?
Any cleared strip or portion of a control line from which flammable material has been removed by scraping or digging down to mineral soil.
KNOW 10 STANDING FIREFIGHTING ORDERS!
KNOW 18 WATCH OUT SITUATIONS!