RBT

Term Definition
graphing data clients names, program info, therapist initials
Probe data doing one trial to make sure a child can do something (I.e. spell his or her name)-record yes or no
reinforcement presentation of a reinforcing stimulus or a removal of an aversive stimulus (contingent on the occurrence of a behavior) resulting in an increased or maintained rate of the behavior in the future
intermittent reinforcement periodic reinforcement; Subject does no know when reinforcement will occur for a specific behavior
most powerful schedule of reinforcement Intermittent Reinforcement
Punishment presentation of an aversive stimulus or removal of a positive reinforcer as a consequence for behavior that reduces the future rate of behavior
Rate a measure, quantity, or frequency, typically one measured against some other quantity of measure
positive reinforcement the presentation of a stimulus contingent on the occurrence of a behavior that results in an increase in the rate of that behavior over time
negative reinforcement the increase in rate or future probability of a behavior that occurs when there is a removal of a reinforcing stimulus contingent on a response
negative punishment the decrease in rate or future probability of a behavior that occurs when there is a removal of a reinforcing stimulus contingent on a response
extinction the process by which a behavior reverts to pre-reinforcement levels: the permanent removal of the reinforcing stimulus
behavior an act that can be clearly defined and observed. Examples include: laughing, crying jumping, smiling etc
Dead man Test "if a dead man can do it, it ain't behavior, and if a dead man cant do it, then it is a behavior"
operant conditioning conditioning in which the desired behavior or increasingly closer approximations to is are followed by a rewarding or reinforcing stimulus
discrete trial teaching a method of teaching in simplified and structured steps. instead of teaching an entire skill at once, it is broken down and built back up using trials that teach on step at a time
Natural environmental training (NET) when specific skills are worked on within the context in which they naturally occur
Partial-interval recording a procedure used to record behavior if it occurs at any point during an interval
whole-interval recording a procedure used to record behavior only if it consistently occurred the entire interval
_______ interval recording underestimates behavior whole-interval
________ interval recording overestimates behavior partial-training
Momentary time sampling a procedure that records behavior only if it occurs during the last 5 seconds of an interval
Continuous measurement measurement conducted in a manner such that all instances of the response class(es) of interest are detected during the observation period
Differential reinforcement reinforcing a behavior in the presence of one stimulus while not reinforcing in the presence of another stimulus
Functions of behavior refers to the source of environmental reinforcement for behavior
Social attention function of behavior that is motivated by desire for attention from another person
Tangibles function of behavior that is motivated by the desire for an object
Escape or Avoidance function of behavior that is motivated by desire to get away from situation
Sensory stimulation "stimming" function of behavior that is motivated by self stimulation–only purpose is as a vehicle for internal pleasure
Mand request for reinforcement (verbal, pointing etc)
Tact a label
Echoic repeating something that is heard
Intraverbal a class of verbal operants regulated by verbal discriminative stimuli
Feature Function Class (FFC) used to describe and understand objects further than just their label
Example of feature, function and class An apple: red , for eating, is a fruit
Autoclitic a single unit of verbal behavior (a verbal operant) that depends on other verbal behavior and changes the effect on a listener
Fading transferring stimulus control from one stimulus to another
Forward chaining teaching the first step of a behavior until it is mastered, then gradually adding (1and2, 1and2and3, so on and so forth)
Backward chaining teaching the final step of a behavior until it is mastered, and then gradually working backward to the first step
Shaping differential reinforcement of successive approximations of a target behavior until the person exhibits the target behavior
Task analysis the breakdown of a task into its individual components and steps
Motivational operation (M.O.) temporarily increases the effectiveness or values of a reinforcer. temporarily increases the behavior that has been encouraged by that reinforcer in the past
Discriminative stimulus (sD) a stimulus in the presence of which a particular response will be reinforced. (signal that reinforcement is available )
S-Delta a stimulus in the presence of which a particular response will not be reinforced. (signal that reinforcement in not available)
Conditioned reinforcement occurs when a stimulus reinforces set behaviors through its association with a primary reinforcer
Unconditioned reinforcement a reinforcement that is inherent, such as food

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