Prev and Care Unit 4 part 2

Most serious cervical injuries in football result from purposeful:
Axial loading as a result of spearing
The major muscle of back extension is the:
Erector spinae
The postural position resulting in hip extension from an anterior shift of the pelvis is called:
Swayback
Which of the following portions of the spine have a convex curve anteriorly?
Cervical, lumbar
Which of the following tests is NOT used to assess sacroiliac joint dysfunction?
FADIR
Asymmetrical hip levels are indicative of what type of injury?
Sacroiliac sprain
Adolescents engaging in sports such as gymnastics and swimming are prone to accentuation of the kyphotic curve and backache common to:
Scheurmann’s disease
When doing traction on the lumbar spine it should be done for at least ___ minutes, ___times a week.
30;5
Sports movements that characteristically hyperextend the lumbar spine are likely to cause:
Spondylolysis
Which lumbar vertebra is most likely to slip as a result of spondylolisthesis?
L5
Which of the following tests is performed supine?
Kernig’s test
The bowstring test is used to determine:
Irritation of the sciatic nerve
When ___ ____ ______ occurs, the athlete is unable to move certain parts of the body and complains of numbness after trauma; but after a short while the numbness disappears and free movement is possible.
Cervical cord nueropraxia
Which of the following is (are) sign(s) of cervical neck fracture?
All of the above: Cervical pain, cervical muscle spasm, neck point tenderness
Degeneration of vertebral epiphyseal end plates is seen in:
Scheuermann’s disease
The most common mechanism for acute low back strain is:
Extension with trunk rotation
Axial loading combined with flexion of the cervical vertebrae from a force to the top of the head could lead to a fracture of which vertebrae?
C5-C6
Which of the following cervical tests is positive if dizziness and nystagmus are present?
Vertebral artery test
A syndrome characterized by the narrowing of the spinal canal that can impinge the spinal cord resulting in burning and tingling bilaterally is known as:
Spinal stenosis
Which of the following is not a group of the erector spinae muscles?
Cervicis
The outer periphery of the intervertebral disk composed of strong fibrous tissue is called the:
Annulus fibrosus
An orbital fracture of the eye:
Can result in double vision
Which of the meninges is extremely delicate and attached to the spinal cord?
Arachnoid
Which of the following eye injuries is painless and results in the athlete seeing floating specks, flashes of light and having blurred vision?
detached retina
When evaluating an unconscious athlete you would first:
Look for the possibility of impaired breathing
Which of the following describes the inability of an athlete to remember events after the injury has occurred?
Posttraumatic amnesia
Which of the following is used to detect a corneal abrasion?
Flourescien strip
Which of the following fractures is the third most common and results in epistaxis and diplopia as well as numbness of the cheek?
Zygomatic
Which of the following can occur if an athlete who has sustained a previous concussion, is returned to play prior to resolution of symptoms, and receives another head injury?
Second-impact syndrome
Which anatomical part of the eye is responsible for the production of tears?
Lacrimal glands
Trauma to the helix fossa, or concha of the ear, that results in tearing of the overlying tissue from the cartilaginous plate and results in fluid accumulation is commonly referred to as:
Auricular hematoma
When testing for balance, if an athlete is unable to keep eyes closed and is unable to maintain balance is considered to have a:
Positive Romberg’s sign
Of the three meninges, the outermost, consisting of a dense, fibrous, inelastic sheath that encloses the brain and cord, is the:
Dura mater
Which of the following should not be done when managing a bleeding nose?
Tilt the head back to decrease bleeding
T/F Most common fracture of the face is the mandibular fracture.
False
T/F Naming the months of the year in reverse order is a commonly used on the field cognitive test.
True
T/F If a facial laceration occurs at the brow line, the eye brow should be shaved off in order to afford better closure of the wound.
False
The condition common to children with head injuries characterized by diffuse brain swelling, resulting in hyperemia or vascular engorgement.
Malignant brain edema
The thin bony substance that covers the root of the tooth is known as the:
Cementum
Which of the following symptoms are not indicative of a serious eye injury?
Excessive watering of the eye
Which portion of the ear is formed by the temporal bone and is responsible for transportation of auditory impulses to the brain?
Labyrinth
Management of an avulsed tooth includes all the following EXCEPT:
Scrub the tooth with a sterile gauze pad to get the dirt off
Which dental condition is characterized by loosening of the teeth, recession of the gingiva and infection?
Peridontitis
Which of the following is not descriptive of the temporomandibular joint?
Saddle shaped
A test used to determine the degree of attention span is the:
Color word test
After the head is struck, the brain continues to move in the fluid and may be contused against the opposite side, causing this type of injury:
Contrecoup
T/F Resting anterior to the right kidney are the stomach, spleen, and pancreas.
False
A protrusion of the abdominal viscera through a portion of the abdominal wall is called a(n):
Hernia
T/F It is not possible to fracture a rib by coughing or sneezing.
False
T/F The heart is about the size of a clenched fist and lies between the lungs and the vertebral column to the left of the sternum.
True
Which of the following is a prevalent cause of exercise induced death:
All of above; Marfan’s syndrome, Anomalous origin of the coronary artery, Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
T/F A strangulated hernia occurs when the inguinal ring constricts the protruding sac and occludes normal blood circulation.
True
T/F Hyperventilation occurs when an athlete is getting an inadequate amount of oxygen into his/her system and CO2 levels are too high.
False
The cephalic and caudal boundaries of the abdominal cavity are made up of the:
Diaphragm and pelvis
Which of the following results in cardiac arrest due to blunt traumatic impact to the chest?
Commotio Cordis
Twisting of the spermatic cord may present the characteristic of:
Appearance of a cluster of swollen veins with a dragging feeling in the scrotum
T/F A “stitch in the side” is often caused by a blow to the sympathetic celiac plexus producing a cramplike pain over the diaphragm.
False
T/F The liver can be contused by a hard blow to the right side of the rib cage.
True
An excess of fluid accumulation caused by a severe blow to the testicular region is characteristic of:
Traumatic hydrocele of the tunica vaginalis
A blow to the rib cage can contuse the:
Intercostal muscles
T/F An indirect rib fracture can cause the most serious damage, because the bone fragments often displace inwardly rather than simply compressing on each other.
False
T/F Men are more susceptible to injury of their reproductive organs than females because of the lack of protection.
True
Hematuria in an athlete participating in contact or collision sports is a sign or symptom of:
A kidney contusion
T/F Auscultation involves using one or two fingers to strike the other hand resulting in a sound indicating the status of the organ underneath.
False
The condition in which an athlete takes a violent blow or compression to the chest, without any accompanying rib fracture, and presents with severe pain during breathing, coughing up of blood, and shock is known as:
Hemothorax
T/F Traumatic asphyxia demands immediate rescue breathing.
True
The main function(s) of the internal oblique muscles is (are):
Trunk flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation
T/F Percussion over a hollow organ will produce a tympanic sound.
True
In managing a scrotal contusion, the first responsibility is to:
Reduce testicular spasm
T/F Treatment for a kidney contusion consists of a 24 hour hospitalization for observation.
True
T/F A sign of a ruptured bladder is the athlete’s desire but inability to urinate.
True
Which of the following conditions predisposes an athlete to injuries of the spleen?
Mono
The muscle most responsible for holding the abdominal contents in place and aiding in forced expiration is the:
Transverse abdominis
A protrusion of the abdominal viscera through a portion of the abdominal wall is called a(n):
Hernia
T/F One way to prevent injury to hollow organs is to empty them prior to competition.
True