Pharmacology Chapter 6 Skills Assessment

What are the two divisions of the peripheral nervous system?
afferent and efferent
The primary CNS transmitters are
acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine,
-ALL OF THE ABOVE
What is not a goal of balanced anesthesia?
hypertension
Which of the following drugs are the most used preoperative sedatives?
benzodiazepines
Which of the following general general anesthetics can be administers intravenously or by injection?
ketamine (Ketalar)
What class of drugs can be used to reverse the effects of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockers?
anticholinesterases
Which local anesthetic drug does not relax vascular smooth muscle?
cocaine
What term describes the physical and emotional reliance of patients on narcotics?
dependence
Which the following narcotics is a controlled substance?
morphine, codeine, oxycodone (OxyContin), meperidine (Demerol)
-ALL OF THE ABOVE
Which of the following narcotics ban be given intravenously as a preanesthetic medication and also administered y injection, iV, liquid, or tablet?
hydromorphone
What class of drugs are primarily used to treat migraine headaches?
triptans
Which of the following drugs is an example of a selective 5-HT receptor agonist?
Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
Which drugs liked below can not be administered as a nasal spray to treat a migraine attack?
Prochlorperzine ( Compazine)
What does norepinephrine act on?
alpha and beta receptors
Which type of receptor increases the heart rate?
beta- 1 receptors
Why are most potent anesthetics gases or vapors?
Gases or vapors are more easily controlled.
Which narcotic is manufactured as a patch?
fentanyl
Of the commonly used injectable anesthesia agents, why is midazolam (Versed) preferred for induction, short procedures, and dental procedures?
– it has the fastest onset of action, it has the greatest potency, it has the most rapid elimination
– A, B, AND C
Which of the following drugs was the first local anesthetic suitable for injection?
procaine
What is the name for a short-acting class of local anesthetics?
esters
Which is a principle of modern pain management for hospitalized patients?
Treat persistent pain first with strong opioids and then with weaker opioids.
Which drug is used to treat opiate addiction?
Buprenorphine (Buprenex, Subtex)
Migraine therapy that attempts to prevent headaches from occurring is called
prophylactic therapy
Of the following therapies, which is the most effective for treating migraine headaches?
combination of a triptan and an NSAID
Which of the following are classified as antiemetic agents?
thorazine, reglan
-A and B
According to recent evidence, which drug used to treat migraine headaches has some potential for addiction?
Tramadol (Ultram)