Pharmacology Cardiovascular

Question Answer
Which class of medications help to treat hypertension by reducing or lowering the effect circulating volume? Diuretics
These medications block sympathetic nerve impulses (adrenergic receptors) in the heart leading to a decreased heart rate thus lowering cardiac output. Beta-Blockers -olol
This class of medications slows the progress of neuropathy and has a cough as a side effect. ACE inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting enzymes) -pril
These medications decrease the amount of angiotensin II and aldosterone resulting in vasodilation and lowering circulating fluid volume. ACE Inhibitors ( Angiotensin-converting enzymes) -pril
Which class of medications inhibits the most downstream portion of the renin-angiotensin system? Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB's) -sartans
These medications block angiotensin II from binding to vessel receptors and prevents vasoconstriction. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB's) -sartans
Which class of medications cause systemic vasodilation resulting in peripheral vascular resistance. Calcium Channel Blockers Ex. Dilatiazem, Verapimil, Nifedipine
What is the best indication for administration of ACE inhibitors? Hypertension, Heart Failure
Typically the first choice for antihypertensive medications due to safety and ease of management. ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting enzyme) -pril
Avoid these medications in African Americans due to the high risk of angioedema as a side effect. ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting enzyme) -pril
_______ ___________ relax and dilate the blood vessels resulting in a lower blood pressure. ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting enzyme) -pril
Which is most likely a side effect of ACE Inhibitors? Dry, non-productive cough. Notify MD if this side effect occurs.
This class of medications may be given to reduce mortality after an MI and improve hemodynamics in heart failure. ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin-converting enzyme) -pril
These anti-inflammatory medications can decrease the effect of ACE Inhibitors and increase the risk of the angioedema side effect when given together. NSAIDS
By blocking angiotensin II there is a decrease in fluid volume and
Due to the risk of hyperkalemia, these medications should be avoided when taking ACE Inhibitors. Potassium sparing diuretics,
ACE Inhibitors work on the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) by inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin I to ______________________. angiotensin II
Which is the best consideration when administering ACE Inhibitors? Do not stop abruptly. This may result in a rebound effect leading to a hypertensive crisis.
What is the best indication for administration of Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB's)? Hypertension
What is most likely contraindicated with the administration of Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB's)? Pregnancy, any trimester.
This class of medications blocks the angiotensin II receptors leading to vasodilation and reduction of vasopressin and aldosterone secretion. ARB's (angiotensin receptor blockers) -sartan
What is a contraindication with the administration of ARB's because it can lead to kidney failure? Renal Artery Stenosis
This a possible side effect of the use of ARB's. Angioedema
These Alpha-1 blockers work in the periphery by blocking the alpha 1 adrenergic receptors. doxazosin, prazosin, terazosin.

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