Pharmacology 1

Question Answer
A decreasing response to the same amount of medication that requires progressively higher doses is called: Tolerance
A dilute alcoholic extract that is commonly used a skin antiseptic is called: Tincture
A liquid, usually water, that contains one or more chemical substances that are dissolved entirely is called: Solution
A medication is called an antagonist if: It has a higher affinity for the receptor site than the chemical mediator
A medication that possesses a negative chronotropic effect will: Cause a decrease in heart rate
A medication that stimulates a response in a receptor site is said to be: An agonist
A PT undergoing a kidney transplant would MOST likely be prescribed what? Immunosuppressant
Semisolid preparation for external application to the body, usually containing a medical substance is called: An ointment
Adrenergic nerve fibers release: Epi and norepi
After ACh is synthesized and used by the body/ AChE breaks the ACh down into choline and acetate
All neuromuscular blocking agents: Affect the parasympathetic nervous system and induce paralysis
An investigational new drug may enter clinical trials in humans only after: It has been tested on at least 2 animals
ACE inhibitors reduce blood pressure by: Suppressing the conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2
Bioavailability is most accurately defined as The amount of medication that is still active when it reaches its target organ
Compared to the maintenance dose of particular medication, a loading dose is: A larger dose, of the same concentration, and intended to achieve the therapeutic blood level quickly
For a medication to carry the USP label: It's active ingredients must be within 95%-105% of that stated on the label
Functionally, the nervous system is divided into the: Central and peripheral nervous system
Prescription only meds can be given over the counter status only if they:
Are considered safe enough that most people will not hurt themselves accidentally by taking the medication as instructed
Interaction between medications that causes one medication to enhance the effects of the other is called Potentiation
The Narcotic Control Act of 1956: Increased the penalties for violation of the Harrison Narcotic Act, made the possession of heroin illegal, outlawed the acquisition and transportation of marijuana
The study of the metabolism and action of medications within the body with particular emphasis on absorption, duration of action, and method of excretion is called: Pharmacokinetics
The systemic effect of a medication: Almost invariably involve more than one organ
The term affinity, as it applies to pharmacology, is most accurately defined as: Attraction between a medication and it's receptor
The time that it takes for the concentration of a medication to reach a minimum effective level at its target tissue is called: Onset of action

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