Personality contemporary

Contemporary approaches
Attempt to describe and measure an important personality trait and determine its relationship to other traits and behaviours
Narcissism
A personality trait marked by an inflated sense of importance, a need for attention and admiration, a sense of entitlement, and a tendency to exploit others
Narcissisitc Personality Disorder (NPD)
A grandiose sense of importance
Constant need for attention
Difficulty dealing with criticism
Sense of entitlement
People high in narcissism
-Have self-concepts that are highly positive, but easily threatened
-Driven by need to maintain fragile self-esteem
-More interested in making selves look powerful and successful than creating bonds with others
-Craving for approval and admiration that resembles addiction
Narcissism- Social networks
Blatantly self-promotional content
More impulsive
Narcissism- Social consequences of
Initially charming, self-assured, humorous,
Then arrogant, self-centred, unlikable
Narcissism- Has fuelled
Obsessive concern with being physically attractive leading to unhealthy eating habits, plastic surgery, and steroid use
Terror Management Theory
Basis in Freud and evolutionary theory
Terror Management Theory- Central goal
Human cognitive capacity means that we have self-awareness, particularly of death probability
We have the potential to experience alarm, terror and anxiety because of our self-preservation instincts and awareness of our own mortality
Culture is what saves us from terror- Worldviews
Culture provides help us to solve the existential crisis created by our awareness of our own deaths
Culture is what saves us from terror- How
-Provides answers to questions of “why am I here?”
-Creates stories, traditions and institutions that give members a sense of being part of an enduring legacy
-Thus give a sense of order and meaning that soothes the fear of death
Culture is what saves us from terror- Self-esteem
Sense of personal worth that depends on confidence in the validity of one’s cultural worldview
Serves a terror-management function
Self-esteem as an anxiety buffer- Mortality salience
Degree to which subjects’ mortality is prominent in their minds
Increasing mortality salience leads people to work harder at defending their cultural worldview
Self-esteem as an anxiety buffer- After thinking about mortality people react
-Hand out harsher penalties to moral transgressors
-Respond more negatively to people who criticise their country
-Show more respect for cultural icons
-More negative evaluations of people from different religious or ethnic backgrounds
-More stereotypical thinking about other groups
-More aggressive towards people with opposing political views