MIS 204 Final

FALSE
The first phase of the systems development lifecycle is systems design.
TRUE
Requirements collection is the process of gathering and organizing information to understand how a proposed information system should function.
FALSE
Strategic alignment considers the number of individuals and the length of time needed to complete a project.
FALSE
In an entity-relationship diagram, each data entity can have only one attribute that describes it.
TRUE
Data flows represent the movement of data through an organization or within an information system.
TRUE
Processing logic represents the way in which data are transformed.
TRUE
System conversion is the process of decommissioning the current way of doing things and installing the new system in the organization.
FALSE
Corrective maintenance involves making changes to an information system to evolve its functionality, to accommodate changing business needs, or to migrate it to a different operating environment.
FALSE
Purchasing an existing system from an outside vendor is referred to as outsourcing.
FALSE
An RFP is sent to buyers who might potentially be interested in buying hardware and/or software for the system.
TRUE
Systems benchmarking is the use of standardized performance tests to facilitate comparison between systems.
FALSE
Public domain software severely restricts access to the source code and gives users no rights to copy or modify the software.
FALSE
In a basic relationship, the buyer and the supplier set preferences and prices to the benefit of each other.
TRUE
Social media is a classification of Web 2.0 applications.
TRUE
Open source software is an example of the power of collective intelligence.
FALSE
Blogs are the only type of Web 2.0 application that are without controversy.
FALSE
Social presence tools are designed for lengthy posts.
FALSE
Asynchronous discussion forums emulate real-time written conversations.
TRUE
While individuals run successful small businesses in consumer-oriented virtual worlds, large companies have not been able to realize the potential of those environments beyond providing virtual showcases for their products.
TRUE
Shared content is hosted on media sharing sites; however, the content can also be embedded into other sites.
TRUE
The size of a word in a tag cloud represents its importance or frequency so that it is easy to spot the most important or frequent words or tags.
TRUE
Adding geospatial metadata to media is referred to as geotagging.
FALSE
E-mail is an example of synchronous communication.
TRUE
Web-based collaboration tools allow for easy access and easy transferability from one person to another, as the tools can run on any computer with a Web browser and Internet connectivity.
FALSE
Web-based collaboration tools are most suitable for working professionals who travel regularly.
FALSE
In a content management system, the editor is responsible for publishing new information.
TRUE
In a content management system, the guest can only view digital information.
TRUE
Content management systems are also known as digital asset management systems.
FALSE
Changes made to the content on a wiki cannot be reverted.
FALSE
The term viral marketing describes how good marketing techniques can be driven by sending out massive amounts of spam.
TRUE
The central idea behind Web services is that any device can use any network to access any service.
FALSE
Widgets have a standard format.
FALSE
Enterprise 2.0 applications work well within traditional top-down organizational structures based on rigid hierarchies and control.
B
Which of the following IS personnel is responsible for the maintenance of information systems?
A) a systems analyst
B) a database administrator
C) a programmer
D) an IS security manager
E) a systems consultant
A
Which of the following IS personnel is responsible for coding, testing, debugging, and installing programs?
A) a programmer
B) a systems consultant
C) an IS manager
D) a systems analyst
E) an IS security manager
A
Which of the following IS personnel is responsible for strategic planning and IS use throughout a firm?
A) the chief information officer
B) the IS security manager
C) the IS manager
D) the Webmaster
E) the IS auditor
E
In information systems management, a systems consultant is responsible for ________.
A) analyzing business requirements and selecting information systems that meet those needs
B) coding, testing, debugging, and installing programs
C) auditing information systems for compliance with internal and external standards
D) managing security measures and disaster recovery
E) providing information systems knowledge to external clients
D
Which of the following IS personnel is responsible for analyzing business requirements and selecting information systems that meet those needs.
A) a programmer
B) a systems consultant
C) an IS manager
D) a systems analyst
E) an IS security manager
TRUE
Services offered by Google, such as Gmail, Google docs, or Google Calendar are examples of cloud computing.
FALSE
The purpose of a knowledge management system is to create, store, analyze, and manage spatial data.
TRUE
Organizational learning is the ability of an organization to use past behavior and information to improve its business processes.
TRUE
A combined automating and learning approach, in the long run, is more effective than an automating approach alone.
FALSE
Increased costs and reduced quality are implications for firms that face an increasing threat of new entrants in its markets.
FALSE
Many organizations use the Internet to connect businesses with one another electronically so that they can exchange orders, invoices, and receipts online in real time. These systems are called intranets.
TRUE
Choosing and implementing an emerging information system is not sufficient to gain or sustain competitive advantage.
TRUE
The most significant change in the Information Systems field has been in mind-sets about technology rather than in technology itself.
TRUE
The e-business innovation cycle puts technology ahead of strategy and marketing.
TRUE
As digital technologies increase in capabilities and at the same time decrease in cost, the industry as a whole will see rapid cost reductions.
FALSE
Freeconomics is used by non-profit organizations because companies do not make money with this value proposition.
TRUE
Information systems infrastructure consists of hardware, software, communication and collaboration networks, databases, facilities, and human resources.
FALSE
Monitors and printers are examples of input technologies.
FALSE
Primary storage is nonvolatile memory.
TRUE
Primary storage is considerably faster than secondary storage.
TRUE
Software refers to programs, or sets of instructions, that allow all the hardware components in your computer system to speak to each other and to perform the desired tasks.
FALSE
The application software transparently controls the computer’s basic operations.
TRUE
A hypertext document is also known as a Web page.
TRUE
The format of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers separated by periods.
FALSE
Electronic commerce is limited to transactions between businesses and consumers, which is known as business-to-consumer (B2C) EC.
FALSE
Companies pursuing a click-only business strategy approach business activities in a traditional manner by operating physical locations.
FALSE
Companies pursuing a click-and-mortar business strategy have no physical store locations, allowing them to focus purely on electronic commerce.
TRUE
A click-and-mortar business strategy approach is also referred to as the bricks-and-clicks business strategy.
TRUE
Click-only companies can often compete more effectively on price since they do not need to support the physical aspects of the click-and-mortar approach.
TRUE
Prior to the introduction of the Internet and Web, the use of EDI was generally limited to large corporations.
TRUE
Extranets look and act like public Web sites.
FALSE
Extranets do not impact a company’s bottom line.
TRUE
Supplier portals automate the business processes involved in procuring products.
TRUE
In global B2B transactions, organizations often use letters of credit issued by a bank to make payments.
TRUE
An electronic meeting system is a collection of personal computers networked together with sophisticated software tools to help group members solve problems and make decisions through interactive electronic idea generation, evaluation, and voting.
TRUE
M-commerce is defined as any electronic transaction or information interaction conducted using a wireless, mobile device and mobile networks that leads to the transfer of real or perceived value in exchange for information, services, or goods.
FALSE
Government-to-business (G2B) EC does not involve businesses’ relationships with all levels of government.
B
Taking entities as tables, each row is a ________.
A) field
B) record
C) attribute
D) form
E) query
A
Taking entities as tables, each column is a(n) ________.
A) attribute
B) record
C) form
D) bot
E) query
C
An attribute is also referred to as a(n) ________.
A) form
B) record
C) field
D) query
E) bot
E
A(n) ________ is a collection of related attributes about a single instance of an entity.
A) bot
B) form
C) query
D) field
E) record
D
In DBMS, data are kept separate from the applications’ programming code. This means that ________.
A) an application cannot be changed without making changes to the database
B) an application’s programming code needs to be updated continuously to keep up with the database
C) an application needs to be changed when database is changed
D) database does not need to be changed if a change is made to an application
E) database needs to be changed when a change is made to an application
C
Data type helps the DBMS ________.
A) present the data in a useful format
B) format data
C) allocate storage space
D) eliminate data duplication
E) retrieve information
C
A(n) ________ is a unique identifier that should be created and used when designing a database for each type of entity, in order to store and retrieve data accurately.
A) foreign key
B) surrogate key
C) primary key
D) superkey
E) candidate key
A
In which of the following database models does the DBMS view and present entities as two-dimensional tables, with records as rows, and attributes as columns?
A) relational database model
B) hierarchical database model
C) network database model
D) object-oriented database model
E) semantic database model
TRUE
The most common DBMS approach in use today is the relational database model.
TRUE
Elimination of data redundancy is a major goal and benefit of using data normalization techniques.
TRUE
Structured Query Language is the most common language used to interface with databases.
TRUE
Online analytical processing systems are designed for efficient retrieval of data and categorize data as measures and dimensions.
FALSE
Data mining algorithms search for redundancies that are hidden in the data.
FALSE
Text mining refers to extracting textual information from Web documents.
TRUE
Business analytics augments business intelligence by using predictive analysis to help identify trends or predict business outcomes.
TRUE
Expert systems are used to mimic human expertise by manipulating knowledge rather than simply manipulating information.
FALSE
Traditionally, companies are organized around four distinct functional areas, namely, marketing and sales, supply chain management, accounting and finance, and information systems management.
TRUE
The core business processes common to most business organizations are order-to-cash, procure-to-pay, and make-to-stock.
FALSE
The order-to-cash process entails subprocesses such as price and terms negotiations, issuing of the purchase order, receiving the goods, and receiving and paying the invoice.
TRUE
The processes associated with procuring goods from external vendors are together referred to as the procure-to-pay process.
FALSE
In the make-to-stock process, raw materials, subcomponents, and accessories are procured based on forecasts, but actual manufacturing does not start until sales orders are received.
TRUE
The make-to-order process uses the pull-based approach.
TRUE
Systems that focus on the specific needs of individual departments are typically not designed to communicate with other systems in the organization and are therefore referred to as stand-alone applications.
FALSE
A legacy system is an integrated suite of business applications for virtually every department, process, and industry, allowing companies to integrate information across operations on a company-wide basis using one large database.
TRUE
Rather than storing information in separate places throughout the organization, enterprise systems provide a central repository common to all corporate users.
FALSE
Internally focused systems coordinate business processes with customers, suppliers, and business partners.
TRUE
A system that communicates across organizational boundaries is sometimes referred to as an interorganizational system (IOS).
TRUE
Customer relationship management applications concentrate on the activities involved in promoting and selling products to the customers as well as providing customer service and nourishing long-term relationships.
TRUE
Enterprise resource planning replaces stand-alone applications by providing various modules based on a common database and similar application interfaces that service the entire enterprise rather than portions of it.
TRUE
Enterprise resource planning control refers to the locus of control over the computing systems and data contained in these systems, as well as decision making authority.
TRUE
There are two major categories of enterprise resource planning (ERP) components – ERP core components and ERP extended components.
FALSE
Enterprise resource planning core components support the primary external activities of the organization for dealing with suppliers and customers.
FALSE
Enterprise resource planning extended components support internal operations such as financial management, operations management, and human resource management.
TRUE
The main objective of enterprise systems is to create competitive advantage by streamlining business activities within and outside a company.
TRUE
The flow of materials from suppliers to customers can be described as a supply network.
FALSE
Just-in-time is a business model in which the suppliers manage the manufacturer’s inventory based on preestablished service levels.
FALSE
One major problem affecting supply chains are ripple effects referred to as the multiplier effect.
TRUE
Supply chain management improves the coordination of suppliers, product or service production, and distribution.
FALSE
Supply chain management is primarily used to optimize business processes within the organization.
FALSE
Supply chain execution involves the development of various resource plans to support the efficient and effective production of goods and services.
FALSE
Although RFID tags contain more information than bar codes, they require time-consuming hand
scanning.
TRUE
Customer relationship management systems collect the data that can be mined to discover the next product line extension that consumers covet.
TRUE
Customer relationship management applications are commonly integrated with a comprehensive enterprise resource planning implementation to leverage internal and external information to better
serve customers.
TRUE
Customer relationship management allows organizations to focus on driving revenue as well as on reducing costs, as opposed to emphasizing only cost cutting.