MIS 1st Exam

Which of the following is categorized as a nonroutine cognitive skill?
Systems thinking
Which of the following is considered as information rather than mere data?
The return on investment of an advertising campaign
Information is considered inefficient if ________.
it is out of context
The most important component of the five-component framework of an information system is?
People
A manager will essentially require ________ skills to test ideas clearly on a small scale, before taking bigger risks or committing significant resources to a larger project.
experimentation
According to Moore’s Law, the ________.
number of transistors per square inch on an integrated chip doubles every 18 months
Which of the following is a critical characteristic of good information?
Accuracy
A customer relationship management (CRM) system contains the names and phone numbers of customers. Such details stored in a CRM system are part of the ________ component.
Data
In the context of information systems, which of the following statements is true of data characteristics?
An appropriate relationship should exist between the cost of data and its value.
Which of the following best describes data?
Record Facts or Figures
Which of the following factors determines the structure, features, and functions of an information system used in a company?
the competitive strategy
Porter’s five forces model is used to assess ________.
industry structure
The difference between the value that an activity generates and the cost of the activity is called the ________.
margin
Porter defined value as the ________.
amount of money that a customer is willing to pay for an offering
Which of the following value chain activities involves assisting users with handling of the products after sale, thus maintaining and enhancing the products’ value?
customer service
Which of the following statements best describes the role of operations in a value chain?
transforming inputs into the final products
Which of the following is most likely to change in the next ten years?
pace of integration of new technology
Information systems create competitive advantage by providing support to a product rather than by becoming a part of the product.
False
Creating a new product to increase margin is an example of using product implementations to achieve competitive advantage.
True
Collaboration is defined as a group of people ________.
working together to achieve a common goal
Team roles, responsibilities, and authorities are established during the ________.
starting
Operational decisions are those that support ________.
the day-to-day activities
Managerial decisions are decisions about ________.
the utilization of resources
A company’s top managers meet to decide on a potential merger with one of its competitors. They discuss various aspects of the merger, such as business valuations and conducting due diligence. This is an example of ________ decision making.
unstructured
Project data is data that is ________.
part of the collaboration’s work product
According to Hackman’s three criteria for team success, which of the following IS requirements will be categorized under the meaningful and satisfying experience criterion?
rewarding accomplishment
________ communication occurs within a team when all team members meet at the same time.
Synchronous
Version management systems ________.
provide version control to limit & direct user activity
________ is a process that occurs when the collaboration tool limits, and sometimes even directs, user activity.
version control
A database is used instead of a spreadsheet when ________.
lists involve data with multiple themes
The columns in a database are called ________.
fields
The rows in a database are called ________.
Records
A group of similar rows or records is known as ________.
a file
A primary key in a database is a ________.
column or group of columns that identifies a unique row in a table
Which of the following is true of MySQL?
It is license-free for most applications.
Which of the following database administration tasks is related to adaptation?
managing configuration changes in systems
A ________ is a collection of forms, reports, queries, and programs that serves as an intermediary between users and database data.
database application
________ is the process of converting a data model into tables, relationships, and data constraints.
Database design
________ is the process of converting a poorly-structured table into two or more well-structured tables.
Normalization
A ________ is also called “the brain” of the computer.
central processing unit
Which of the following refers to a small, portable storage device that can be used to back up data and transfer it from one computer to another?
USB flash drive
Main memory is also known as ________.
random access memory
Which of the following terms refers to a collection of servers?
server farm
The speed of a CPU is expressed in cycles called ________.
hertz
Which of the following is a characteristic of volatile memory?
contents are lost when power is turned off
__________ is the internetworking of physical devices that enable these objects to collect and exchange data.
Internet of things (IoT)
Which of the following is an example of an application program?
Microsoft Word
Linux is an example of a(n) ________.
open source operating system
Which of the following will programmers use to develop an application that runs inside a browser and supports graphics and animation?
HTML5
Cloud resources are ________ because many different organizations use the same physical hardware.
pooled
Identify a characteristic of in-house hosting.
control of data location
Which of the following characteristics is a disadvantage of cloud-based hosting?
It involves high dependency on a vendor.
Compared to in-house hosting, cloud-based hosting ________.
minimizing the risk of investing in technology that will soon become obsolete
A computer ________ is a collection of computers that communicate with one another over transmission lines or wirelessly.
network
Which of the following features distinguishes a LAN from a WAN?
A LAN connects computers in a single location.
________ is a wireless protocol designed for transmitting data over short distances, replacing cables.
Bluetooth
Which of the following is a function of an Internet service provider?
It serves as a user’s gateway to the Internet.
The protocols used on the Internet are arranged according to a structure known as the ________ protocol architecture.
TCP/IP
A(n) ________ is a number that identifies a particular device on a network.
IP address