# Matter

What is matter? Anything that has mass and takes up space! So,,,EVERYTHING!
What are the three states of matter? Solid, Liquid, Gas
What is the melting point of ice? 0 degrees Celsius
What is the boiling point of water? 100 degrees Celsius
What is the freezing point of water? 0 degrees Celsius
When a solid heats up and changes to a liquid, it is called: Melting
When a liquid heats up and changes to a gas, it is called: Evaporation
When a liquid cools and changes to a solid, it is called: Freezing
When a gas cools and changes to a liquid, it is called: Condensation
If an object is more dense than water, will it sink or float? Sink
If an object is less dense than water, will it sink or float? Float
Examples of objects that have more density than water: Rock, nail, penny, etc.
Examples of objects that have less density than water: Cork, wood, styrofoam cup, etc.
What are the four magnetic metals? Iron, Cobalt, Nickel and Steel
What saying helps you remember the four magnetic metals? No Sour Ice CreamNo Sweets In ClassEtc.
Is a copper penny magnetic? NO
Is aluminum magnetic? NO
If a substance is SOLUBLE in water, does it dissolve? YES
If a substance is INSOLUBLE in water, does it dissolve? NO. The prefix 'IN' means NOT or NO
What does dissolve mean? Spread out evenly, can no longer see, etc.
What does soluble mean? One substance dissolves evenly into another and you can no longer see the particles.
What does insoluble mean? The substance does not dissolve evenly and you can still see both substances.
Example of a solid that is soluble: Salt and sugar
Example of a solid that is insoluble: Pepper, sand, iron filings, rock, lego, etc.
Example of a liquid that is soluble: Honey, syrup, lemon juice
Example of a liquid that is insoluble: Vegetable oil
What is a conductor? A material that allows energy to flow easily through.
Give an example of a conductor: metal spoon, metal pot, penny, aluminum, paper clip (anything made of metal!)
What is an insulator? A material that slows or stops the flow of energy
Give an example of an insulator: wood, plastic, rubber, cloth, etc.
Would plastic or aluminum be a better insulator? Plastic