Management CLEP Practice Questions

Which of these is not a step in the management process?
(a) planning
(b) leading
(c) producing
(d) controlling
(e) organizing
producing
a homebuilder dominates a market by offering attractive options, higher quality, and value-added services. Which of the following competitive strategies has the homebuilder adopted?
(a) cost leadership
(b) differentiation
(c) price leadership
(d) generic
(e) design focus
differentiation
which of the following is a correct statement about controlling as a management function?
(a) it can be performed independently of planning
(b) it is performed only by the controller of an organization
(c) it is more prevalent in business than in government
(d) it assumes a certain approach to motivating employees
(e) it must be closely related to planning in order to work efficiently.
E. it must closely be related to planning in order to work efficiently
decentralization tends to be encouraged by which of the following business trends?
I. product diversification
II. telecommuting
III. geographical expansion of operations
all of them
which of the folioing can be best determined by consulting an organization chart?
(a) the size of the company
(b) the distribution of company resources
(c) the nature of woe performed
(d)the connections of positions
(e) the quality of management of the firm
D. the connections of positions
the number of subordinates who directly report to a superior refers to the manager’s
(a) span of control
(b) organizational role
(c) organizational structure
(d) chain of command
(e) general staff
A. span of control
which of the following best illustrates informal organization?
(a) line authority, such as hat of the field marshall and battalion commander in the military
(b) staff authority, such as that of personnel or cost control in manufacturing
(c) functional authority, such as corporate supervision of the legal aspect of pension plans in branch plants
(d) groupings based on position titles
(e) groupings based on such factors as technical ability, seniority, and personal influence
E. groupings based on factors such as technical ability, seniority, and personal influence
the choice of organizational structure to be used in a business should be
(a) made by mutual agreement among all the people affected
(b) made by organization specialist rather than managers
(c) subject definite and fixed rules
(d) based on the objectives of each individual business
(e) based on consideration of the type of organizational structures used by competitors
D. base don teh objectives of each individual business
which of the following best describes a system that requires subassemblies and components to be manufactured in small lots and delivered as needed to the next stage of production?
(a) Just in Time (JIT)
(b) Small batch inventory (SBI)
(c) inventory readiness (IR)
(d) inventory preparedness
(e) integrated preparedness (IP)
A. Just In Time (JIT)
Frederick Taylor is considered a pioneer in the school of management referred to as the
(a) management process school
(b) empirical school
(c) scientific management school
(d) behavioral school
(e) social system school
C. Scientific Management School
preparation of which of the following is the most logical first step in developing an annual operating plan
(a) a sales forecast by product
(b) a production schedule by product
(c) a flow-of-funds statement by product
(d) a plant and equipment requirement forecast
(e) a pro forma income statement and balance sheet
A. a sales forecast by product
A large span of control throughout an organization invariably results in
(a) low morale
(b) high morale
(c) an excess workload for each manager
(d) a flat (horizontal) organizational structure
(e) a tall (vertical) organizational structure
D. a flat (horizontal) organizational structure
which of the following is a conflict resolution practice that seeks to satisfy both parties in a conflict
(a) avoidance
(b) stipulation
(c) competition
(d) collaboration
(e) appeal to authority
D. collaboration
which of the following is most commonly used to measure the total productivity of a company?
(a) the ratio between total outputs and total inputs
(b) the ratio between fixed costs and variable costs
(c) the ratio between contribution margin and total revenue
(d) the ratio between the break even point and total output
(e) the ratio between total inputs and total capital
A. the ratio between total outputs and total inputs
the practice in large companies of establishing autonomous divisions whose heads are entirely responsible for what happens in the division is referred to as
(a) management by exception
(b) decentralization of authority
(c) delegation of authority
(d) integration
(e) informal organization
B. decentralization of authority
which of the following control techniques is most likely to emphasize the importance of time?
(a) break even points
(b) physical standards
(c) quality circles
(d) variable budgeting
(e) program evaluation and review technique (PERT)
E. program evaluation and review technique (PERT)
in a labor negotiation, if a third party has the power to determine a solution to a labor dispute between two parties, the negotiation is known as
(a) a grievance
(b) an arbitration
(c) a conciliation
(d) a mediation
(e) a concession
B. an arbitration
a type of control device for assessing the progress of planned activities and the expenditure of resources allocated to the accomplishments is referred to as
(a) a strategic plan
(b) an organizational chart
(c) a tactical plan
(d) a budget
(e) a proposal
D. a budget
Beatrice is a full-time employee who is permitted to arrange her schedule so that she works only four days a week and does not travel during rush hour. this is an example of Beatrices
(a) applying the Civil Rights Act, Title VII
(b) scheduling flextime
(c) engaging in sexual discrimination
(d) encouraging low productivity
(e) enhancing compensation
B. scheduling flex-time
According to Malsow, the need to feel genuinely respected by peers, both in and out of the work environment, is included in which of the following need classifications?
(a) physiological
(b)safety
(c)stability
(d)esteem
(e)self-actualization
D. esteem
Which of the following management activities is most typically described as a controlling function?
(a) Goal setting
(b) Purchasing
(c) Budgetary review
(d) Staffing
(e) recruiting
C. budgetary review
which of the following personality traits best describes individuals who can adapt and adjust their behavior to external factors?
(a) low self-esteem
(b) external locus of control
(c) high self-monitoring
(d) Low authoritarianism
(e) High authoritarianism
C. high self-monitoring
a person who believes that the ends justify the means is best described as
(a) self-confident
(b) Machiavellian
(c) authoritarianism
(d) having cognitive dissonance
(e) having an internal locus of control
B. machiavellian
in which of the following situations are groups most effective?
(a) cohesive groups with groupthink
(b) non cohesive groups without groupthink
(c) cohesive groups in alignment with organizational goals
(d)non cohesive groups in alignment with organizational goals
(e) cohesive groups not in alignment with organizational goals
C. cohesive groups in alignment with organizational goals
if a manager commits a halo error in performance appraisal, the manager may have done which of the following?
(a) based assessment on most recent performance rather than an entire period
(b) based assessment on an entire period performance rather than most recent
(c) based assessment on a single attribute of employees’ performance
(d) given every employee the same rating of “average”
(e) failed to give feedback to employees about their performance
C. based assessment on a single attribute of employees’ performance
Which of the following best describes a team that brings together organizational members from various areas such as marketing, engineering, human resources, and production to work on a task?
a) command
b)self-managed
c) cross functional
d)restrictive
e) informal
c. cross functional
Which of the following in NOT an input, according to equity theory?
a) effort
b) experience
c) education
d)seniority
e)pay incentives
e. pay incentives
Which of the following terms best describes leader who guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by stressing rewards and the consequences of not conforming to expectations?
a) transactional
b) transformational
c) charismatic
d) people-orineted
e) informal
a. transactional
Which of the following is the primary purpose of the management-by-objectives (MBO) approach?
a) aligning goal setting and planning
b) creating a dynamic and complex work environment
c) reducing employee resistance to change
d) implementing standard operating procedures
e) implementing a decision rule to respond to a designated problem
a. aligning goal setting and planning
Which of the following is best defines as a process that involves defining organizational objectives and goals, establishing an overall strategy, and developing a hierarchy of plans to integrate activities?
a) manipulating
b) leading
c) planning
d) managing by objectives
e) controlling
c. planning
which of the following terms best describes a corporations sexual harassment policy?
a) a single-use plan
b) a standing plan
c) a strategic plan
d) a short-term plan
e) a specific plan
standing plan
the preparations that a small town might make for a visit by the President of the United States would be considered what type of plan?
a) strategic
b) directional
c)standing
d) long-term
e) single0use
single use
which of the following best describes a type of planning in which multiple scenarios are developed to test possible future outcomes?
a) queuing theory
b) simulations
c) linear regression
d) marginal profits
e) project management
b. simulations
which of the folioing describes the critical path in a Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) process?
a) parts that reacquire the most costly materials
b) the most time consuming sequence of events and activities
c) the shortest route to the project completion
d) the central guideline for quality control
e) the property insurance
b. the most time consuming sequence of events and activities
which of the following oversees the transformation process that concerts inputs such as labor and raw materials into outputs such as goods and services?
a) operation management
b) control management
c) strategic management
d) human resource management
e) project management
a. operation management
an employee manual is given by a supervisor to employees reporting to that supervisor. The manual outlines attendance policies. this is an example of which of the following methods of developing norms in a group?
a) first behavior precedents
b) secondary behavior
c) explicit statements from an authority figure
d) critical events in the teams history
e) carryover from other experiences
c. explicit statements from an authority figure
the behavior of young athletes when they imitate the way the see professional athletes celebrate on television is most likely explained as
a) classical conditioning
b) operant conditioning
c) cognitive learning
d) social learning
e) behavior modification
d. social learning
Which of the following best describes the situation in which an employee arrives for work on time in order to avoid being placed on probation for a second time?
a) positive reinforcement
b) negative reinforcement
c) extinction
d) intermittent reinforcement
e) cognitive learning
b. negative reinforcement
which of the following are most likely to cause a team to avoid groupthink?
I.. The team holds a second-chance meeting
II. outside experts are invited to observe and react to the group process
III. the team leader expresses an opinion at the outset of the meeting to save time

a) I only
b) I and II
c) I and III
d) II and III
e) I, II, and III

b. I and II
If a manager announces a casual-dress policy on Fridays and then come to work dressed causally on the following Friday, this is an example of
a) planning
b) organizing
c) leading
d) controlling
e) negative reinforcement
c. leading
Which of the following models classifies products as stars, question marks, cash cows, or dogs?
a) Porters five force model
b) Theory X
c) The Boston Consulting Group Matrix
d) theory Y
e) Kanban
c. the Boston Consulting
If George blames new software for his groups poor performance in the most recent quarter, but attributes the groups success in the prior quarter to his understanding managerial skills, he is most likely exhibiting
a) projection
b) selective perception
c) fundamental attribution error
d) self-serving bias
e) pygmalion effect
d. Self-serving bias
Praise received form an employees peers is best described as an example of
a) an extrinsic reward
b) an intrinsic reward
c) low valence
d) high instrumentality
e) high directive leadership
a. An extrinsic reward
Which of the following procedures is (are) appropriate when disciplining an employee?
I. advising the employee of what he or she has done wrong
II. advising the employee of what he or she does well
III. disciplining the employee in private

a) I
b) II
c) I and II
d) II and III
e) I, II, and III

e. I, II, and III
when a company adopts telecommuting, which core hob characteristic is likely to be influenced the most?
a) skill variety
b) task identity
c) task significance
d) autonomy
e) Job feedback
d. autonomy
If jobs are designed so that each worker assembles a different part of a product on an automated assembly line, the job design is most likely to
a) provide high levels of intrinsic rewards
b) be highly challenging
c) make it easy to train workers
d) be highly satisfying
e) demand creativity from the workers
c. make it easy to train workers
if individuals contributions in a group project are not evaluated, which of the following is likely to occur?
a) synergy
b) task significance
c) social loafing
d) the Leavitt effect
e) vertical loading
c. social loafing
Determining whether membership of a group should be heterogeneous or homogeneous should be most influenced by which of the following factors?
a) the group size
b) status congruence
c) the organizational setting
d) the goals, rewards, and resources
e) the nature of the task
e. the nature of the task
Which of the following describes the most favorable situation for a leader of a group?
a) the group has high cohesiveness and positive group performance norms
b) the groups has high groups cohesiveness and negative group performance norms
c) the h=group has low group cohesiveness and positive group performance norms
d) the group has low groups cohesiveness and negative group performance norms
e) the group has both moderate cohesiveness and moderate performance norms
a. the group has high cohesiveness and positive group performance norms
In their classic study of the bases of social power, John R. P. French and Bertram Raven explicitly identified all of the following sources EXCEPT
a) referent
b) expert
c) coercive
d) information
e) reward
d. information
If an investor buys a stock based on the recommendation of a broker because the brokers previous recommendations have been profitable, the broker possesses which type of power?
a) referent
b) legitimate
c) informal authority
d) charimatic
e) expert
e. expert
which of the following styles of leadership is most likely to be effective with worker who have experience and are professionally oriented?
a) supportive
b) task-oriented
c) achievement-oriented
d) mentoring
e) authoritarian
c. achievement- oriented
” you are always late to meeting and this will have to change!” which of the following best describes the comment above by a manager to an employee?
a) proxemics
b) constructive feedback
c) a general overspecific comment
d) a specific over general comment
e) nonverbal communications
c. a general overspecific comment
The power base that relies on the use of knowledge to persuade is best described as
a) rewards
b) expert
c) referent
d) coercise
e) legitimate
b. expert
which of the following is the most accurate description of a grapevine in an organization?
a) it is a constant source of disruptive information
b) it follows the chain of command
c) it can be suppressed once it is recognized
d) it plays an important role in organizations
e) most managers believe tha tit is a positive source of information
d. it plays an important role in organizations
Which of the following business situations is most appropriate for telecommuting?
a) workers thrive on competition
b) decisions and actions are predetermined
c) decisions rely on negotiation and social interactions
d) there is an oversupply of workers
e) individual productivity is of primary importance
e. individuals productivity is of primary importance
empowerment opportunities are LEAST likely to be found in which of the following?
a) participation goal setting
b) serving as a messenger
c) delegation of work
d) self-managed teams
e) freedom to experiment
b. serving as a messenger
which of the following pairs of functions of management are most likely independent?
a) staffing and organizing
b) staffing and controlling
c) planning and leading
d) planning and controlling
e) disciplining and recruting
d. planning and controlling
Which of the following is the primary concern of employees responsible of strategic planning a company?
a) monitoring daily cash flow
b) determining the contribution each subunit should make to the overall corporation
c) deterring how to accomplish specific tasks with available resources
d) determining how to pursue long-term goals with available resources
e) preparing the annual statement
d. determining how to pursue long-term goals with available resources
Which of the following most likely to result from the use of flowcharts in planning?
a) a guarantee that work will progress according to schedule
b) a visual sequencing of activities
c) a chart useful for comparing cash flow during two different quarters
d) a scheduling process
e) a combined sequencing and scheduling plan
b. a visual sequencing of activities
Which of the following is a deterrent to “:escalation of commitment”?
a) a desire to justify earlier decisions
b) organizational politics
c) an efficiency “reality check”
d) The Abilene paradox
e) a cultural emphasis on persistence
c. an efficiency “reality check”
Which of the following is most likely to be a major advantage of group-aided decision making?
a) social pressure can drive the decision
b) goal displacement and hidden agendas can occur
c) groupthink may occur
d) the likelihood that the decision will be accepted increases
e) it frequently saves both time and money
d. the likelihood that the decision will be accepted increases
Which of the following basic leadership styles most closely mathces the “high structure, low consideration” of the Ohio State Leadership studies?
a) Country club
b) Team
c) Selling
d) Relationship motivated
e) Telling
e. telling
According to Fiedler’s contingency studies, for organizations that were considered “moderately favorable” in terms of leaders’ authority, task definition, and leader-member relationships, which of the following is the most effective style for the leader to have?
a)country club
b) team
c) selling
d) relationship motivated
e) telling
d. relationship motivated
Large organizations are likely to structure their work operations and personnel in any of the following ways EXCEPT
a) accounting
b) divisional
c) geographic
d) market
e) product
a. accounting
The span control most appropriate in a given organization is primarily influenced by which of the following?
a) types of services or products being produced
b) amount of supervision needed by subordinates
c) amount of authority given to a supervisor
d) number of hierarchical levels within the organization
e) presence of work teams
b. amount of supervision needed by subordinates
the extensive use of work teams in an organization is most likely to occur under which of the following circumstances?
a) control is centralized by top management
b) the management style is primarily autocratic
c) employees are unmotivated
d) supervisors have a narrow span of control
e) employee involvement is a management goal
e. employee involvement is a management goal
Which of the following quality tools utilizes a visual depiction of a process to help identify problem areas?
a) vector diagram
b) histogram
c) scatter diagram
d) cause and effect diagram
e) pareto chart
d. cause and effect diagram
outsourcing allows an organization to have which of the following?
a) higher employee motivation
b) improved labor-management relations
c) lower accident reates
d) greater flexibility in staffing
e) increased control over employees
d. greater flexibility staffing
Requiring a prospective emplyee to demonstrate the ability to do a specific task during the screening process is defined by which type of test?
a) achievement
b)aptitude
c) assessment
d) work sampling
e)spatial
d. work sampling
Intrinsic rewards can be classified as rewards that do which of the following?
a) allow the employee to establish flexible working hours
b) provide a sense of achievement and accomplishment
c) create work coordination among all employees
d) improve communication effectiveness
e) allow greater span of control
b. provide a sense of achievement and accomplishment
The best tangible measurement of leadership effectiveness is which of the following?
a) financial success
b) turnover ratios
c) training and development
d) employee job performance
e) employee morale
d. employee job performance
The use of transactional leadership is based on the concept of which of the following?
a) using rewards and coercive power
b) stressing intrinsic motivators
c) creating team-based goal setting
d) using peer-based performance evaluations
e) implementing employee involvement plans
a. using rewards and coercive power
Group or team cohesiveness is usually influenced by which of the following?
a) employee incentive systems
b) goal-setting processes
c) identification with the group by its members
d) size of organization
e) type of organizational structure
c. identification with the group by its members
resolving conflict through collaboration requires that parties do which of the following?
a) work cooperatively
b) have a third party intervene
c) involve a supervisor in the process
d) establish predetermined outcomes
e) prepare written plans
a. work cooperatively
coaching as a leadership technique is most likely to work when which of the following exists?
a)employees are well trained
b) job descriptions are valid
c) performance-development needs are know
d) a performance appraisal process is used
e) training programs are offered
c. performance-development needs are known
all of the following criteria are commonly used to evaluate decision-making alternates EXCEPT
a) ethicality
b) economic feasibility
c) legality
d) practicality
e) popularity
e. popularity
all of the following are considered steps in the planning process EXCEPT
a) determining the organizations mission
b) establishing goals and objectives
c) formulating strategies
d) implementing strategies
e) measuring performance
e. measuring performance
Job enrichment can be an effective tool to achieve which of the following?
a) better communication
b) increased job responsibly
c) improved work relations
d) teamwork
e) shared decision making
b. increased job responsibility
Social security, unemployment benefits, and workers’ compensation are benefits required by law. If company has 120 employees, what other benefit does federal law require a company to provide?
a) Health insurance only
b) paid vacations only
c) family and medical leave
d) boh health insurance and paid vacations
e) flextime
c. family and medical leave
Which of the following best describes managerial ethics?
a) it is social obligation that the individual manager has to fulfill
b) it is a statement of the social responsibility of the organization
c) it is the standard of conduct that guides a person’s decisions and behaviors
d) it is the mission statement of the organization
e) it is a behavior that conforms to legal principles of justice
c. it is the standard of conduct that guides a person’s decisions and behaviors
A manager decides to lay off 10 percent of the workforce and justifies the action by noticing that 90 percent still have jobs and the company will remain solvent. This manager has utilized which of the following views of ethics?
a) rights view of ethics
b) theory of justice view of ethics
c) integrative social contracts view of ethics
d) utilitarian view of ethics
e) golden rule view of ethics
d. utilitarian view of ethics
Ruth has been the chief executive officer of her company for fifteen years. Ten years ago, Ruth utilized the Internet to augment the traditional way of doing business, but she did not intend the Internet to replace her company’s main source of revenue. Five years ago, Ruth’s company began to use the Internet to perform traditional business functions better but did not sell anything on the Internet. Also, the company began to utilize an intranet as
an internal organizational communication system. Last year, Ruth decided that her company’s total existence must revolve around the Internet, leading to a seamless integration between traditional and e-business functions.

Ten years ago, Ruth’s company would have been classified as which of e-business?
a) a total e-business organization
b) an e-business enhanced organization
c) an e-business enabled organization
d) an e-business committed organization
e) an e-business learning organization

b. an e-business enhanced organization
Ruth has been the chief executive officer of her company for fifteen years. Ten years ago, Ruth utilized the Internet to augment the traditional way of doing business, but she did not intend the Internet to replace her company’s main source of revenue. Five years ago, Ruth’s company began to use the Internet to perform traditional business functions better but did not sell anything on the Internet. Also, the company began to utilize an intranet as
an internal organizational communication system. Last year, Ruth decided that her company’s total existence must revolve around the Internet, leading to a seamless integration between traditional and e-business functions.

Five years ago, Ruth’s company would have been classified as which type of e-business?
a) a total e-business organization
b) an e-business enhanced organization
c) an e-business enabled organization
d) an e-business committed organization
e) an e-business learning organization

c. an e-business enabled organization
According to Hofstede, the degree of individualism found in a country is most closely related to which of the following characteristics?
a) age
b) wealth
c) religion
d) location
e) democracy
b. wealth
A multinational company expands its operation to Brazil and hires Brazilians to manage the operation of the new branch. The company is using which type of approach to expand its operations?
a) ethnocentric
b) polycentric
c) monocentric
d) geocentric
e) egocentric
b. polycentric
Knowledge management involves encouraging members of an organization to
a) create educational programs targeted at the average employee
b) develop new training programs to help new employees learn their jobs
c) develop a corporate university to provide educational solutions in-house
d) systematically gather information and share it with others
e) retrain top managers through traditional MBA programs
d. systematically gather information and share it with others
Which of the following types of questions would be the best to use during a job interview?
a) open-ended
b) rotational
c) technology-ended
d) prodding
e) hypocritical
a. open-ended
Which of the following is the type of team that is made up of experts in various specialties working together on various organization tasks?
a) Functional
b) cross-functional
c) self-directed
d) vertical
e) autonomous
b. cross-functional
In one stage of group development, group members come to accept and understand one another; differences are resolved and members develop a sense of team cohesion. This stage of group development is known as
a) adjourning
b) performing
c) storming
d) norming
e) forming
d. norming
Solomon is reviewing the types of power the company has provided him for his job as a department head. A certain degree of authority comes with his position. He will directly exercise authority through which form of power?
a) referent
b)information
c) expert
d) legitimate
e) decision making
d. legitimate
a performance- appraisal method that utilizes evaluation information from supervisors, employees, and coworkers is know as
a) paired-comparison feedback
b) programmed- feedback decision
c) behaviorally anchored rating scale
d) 360-degree feedback
e) graphic rating scale
d. 360-degree feedback
Which of the following refers to gender-related problems in the career advancement of employees?
a) flextime
b) glass ceiling
c) job enrichment
d) job sharing
e) career anchor
b. glass ceiling
The break-even point is defined as the level of production at which
a) fixed costs are covered by revenue
b) variable costs are covered by revenue
c) total revenue is sufficient to cover total costs
d) marginal revenue equals marginal costs
e) the law of diminishing returns is activated
c. total revenue is sufficient to cover total costs
which technology integrates financial, marketing, operational, and human resource applications on a single computer system?
a) Universal application server (UAS)
b) Material requirements planning (MRP)
c) vendor managed inventory (VMI)
d) electronic data exchange (EDC)
e) enterprise resource planning (ERP)
e. enterprise resource planning (ERP)
The Hawthorne studies are examples of which management approach?
a) classical
b) behavioral
c) modern
d) administrative
e) scientific
b. behavioral
A Gantt chart is a visual depiction of the time frame planned for completing specific tasks as compared to which of the following?
a) the delivery date promised to the customer
b) the actual progress made on each task
c) the managers projected task completion
d) the budgeted task completion
e) the weighted-average task-completion score
b. the actual progress made on each task
a manger who outlines a problem to employees, accept suggestions, and makes a decision is said to be following what style of leadership?
a) free reign
b) democratic
c) charismatic
d) autocratic
e) laissez-faire
b. democratic
Which of the following should be the first step in a decision-making process?
a) implementing a decision
b) assigning the problem to qualified personnel
c) considering all alternatives
d) knowing when to decide
e) defining the problem
e. defining the problem
Which of the following people is associated with the development of the Theory X and Theory Y model?
a) Abraham Maslow
b) Elton Mayo
c) Douglas McGregor
d) Frederick Taylor
e) Lillian Gilbreth
c. Douglas McGregor
Which of the following can best be described as a planning function?
a) monitoring operations
b) determining objectives
c) acquiring necessary resources
d) controlling inventory
e) coordinating interdepartmental activities
b. determining objectives
If the verbal and nonverbal parts of a manager’s message are in conflict, research suggests that an employee usually should believe which of the following?
a) the verbal message only
b) the nonverbal message only
c) either depending on the circumstances
d) neither the verb; nor the nonverbal parts of the message
e) it is impossible to judge which part of the message should be believed
b. nonverbal message only
The process of discovering relationships and patterns in large amounts of data is called data
a) mining
b) clustering
c) encryption
d) networking
e) warehousing
a. mining
The style of leadership in which the manager shouts and screams is typical of
a) participative leadership
b) benevolent leadership
c) autocratic leadership
d) free-rein leadership
e) democratic leadership
c. autocratic leadership
The hierarchy of needs theory argues that deficiency needs must be met before the push to satisfy growth needs drives personal growth. The individual most commonly associated with this theory is
a) Peter Drucker
b) Henri Fayol
c) Abraham Maslow
d) Elton Mayo
e) F. W. Taylor
c. Abraham Maslow
In a company, employee A is schedules to work from 9 am to 6 pm, while employee B is schedules to work form 7 am and 4 pm. This situation is an example of which of the following?
a) Flextime
b) job sharing
c) job enrichment
d) compressed work schedule
e) telecommuting
a. Flextime
Which of the following is a quantitative technique that can be used to predict employee performance based on such factors as education, seniority, job-related skills, and job satisfaction?
a) time series analysis
b) econometric modeling
c) sales force composition
d)econometric indicators
e) regression modeling
e. time series analysis
Who among the following was important in the scientific management field for promoting motion studies?
a) Max Weber
b) Henri Fayol
c) Abraham Maslow
d) Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
e) Henry Ford
d. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
Elton Mayo was famous for which of the following?
a) Theory X
b) theory Y
c) the Hawthorne studies
d) administrative management
e) Bureaucratic management
c. The Hawthorne Studies
Which of the following is NOT and external environment force on an organization?
a) sociocultural trends
b) technology
c) economy
d) political trends
e) human resources
e. Human resources