Management – Chapter 12 Leadership and Trust

Leadership
process of leading a group and influencing that group to achieve its goals.
People-Oriented Leadership, Participative Leadership, Employee-Centered Leadership
the extent to which a leader has job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for employees’ ideas, and regard for their feelings. consideration
Initiating Structure – Job-Centered Leadership
job-centered leadership. the extent to which a leader defines and structures his roles of employees to attain goals.
Vroom-Yetton Theory
a sequential set of rules to be followed in determining the form and amt of participation in decision making in different types of situations.
Hersey-Blanchard Theory
focuses on followers’ readiness to accept or reject the leader. telling, selling, participating, and delegating as the four stages of follower readiness.
Fiedler contingency Model
effective group performance depends on the proper match between a leader’s style and the degree to which the situation allows the leader to control and influence.
House Path-Goal Theory
effective leaders clarify the path to help their followers get from where they are to the achievement of their work goals and make the journey along the path easier by reducing roadblocks and pitfalls.
Charismatic Leaders
enthusiastic and self-confident, and influence people to behave in certain ways
Transactional Leaders
lead by using social exchanges
Leader-Member Exchange
leaders create in-groups and out-groups, and those in the in-group will have higher performance ratings, less turnover, and greater job satisfaction.
leaders create closer groups made of favored employees
Transformational Leaders
stimulate and inspire followers to achieve extraordinary outcomes
Visionary Leaders
create and articulate a realistic, credible, and attractive vision of the future that improves on the present situation.
Autocratic Leaders
centralize authority, dictate work methods, make unilateral decisions, and limit employee participation.
Leader
Someone who influences others and who has authority
Behavioral Theory
people can be trained to be leaders
Vroom-Yetton Leader Participation Model
uses a decision tree to determine the format and amt of participation in decision making in different situations.
Trust
the belief in integrity, character, and the ability of a leader.
Empowerment
increasing the decision-making abilities or employees.
Credibility
the trait followers perceive in a leader as honest, competent, and able to inspire.
Openess
willingness to share ideas and information freely
Laissez-faire Leadership
involves little or no direction