LEED Green Associate

Chapter 2
Percentages of savings of green buildings
26% energy use reduction
33% lower CO2 emissions
13% reduction in maintenance costs
Components of triple bottom line
Environmental, economic, and health and community
Positive feedback loop
Perpetual and ongoing. Ex urban sprawl and population growth
Negative feedback loop
A self correcting system that stabilizes itself. Ex. thermostat
Prius Effect
Making information not only available, but convenient. If users are given real-time information, they tend to react and respond to the feedback loop.
Leverage Points
Places where a small intervention can yield large changes
Lifecycle Cost
Cost of a product in its life time. Includes purchase price, fuel, installation, operation, maintanence, disposal, finance charges, and replacement costs
Chapter 3
Facility Manager
Aka building engineer. Responsible for maintaining a building and its site during operations
Commissioning Authority (CxA)
Responsible for the commissioning process, including drawing review during design and equipment installation and performance review during construction
Owner
Defines the triple bottom line goals and selects the team members for a project. Can be a developer and does not have to be the end user.
Three stages of the integrative process
Discovery
Design and construction
Occupancy, operations, and performance feedback
Integrative Project Delivery (IPD)
Contracts that bring a team together during the integrative process, as opposed to the traditional design-bid-build approach.
7 evaluation strategy steps for existing buildings
Set goals
Benchmark performance
Identify improvement opportunities
Prioritize and align improvement opportunities with project goals
Implement the program
Measure performance and undergo third-party verification
Set revised or new goals
Chapter 4
TAG’s
Technical Advisory Groups. LEED Steering Committee’s that help develop USGBC Rating Systems
Responsibility of GBCI
Responsible for rating system development
Responsibility of USGBC
Responsible for credentials process
Chapter 5
LEED For Building Design and Construction covers:
New Construction and Major Renovation, Schools, Healthcare Facilities, Core and Shell, New Retail Construction, Data Centers, Warehouse and Distribution Centres, Hospitality
Amount of floor to be complete for BD+C certification
60% of gross floor area
LEED For Homes covers:
LEED For Homes: Homes and Multifamily Lowrise, LEED For Homes: Multifamily Midrise
LEED For Interior Design and Construction (ID+C) Covers:
LEED for Commercial Interiors
LEED For Building Operations and Maintenance (O+M) Covers:
LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance
LEED for Neighbourhood Development (ND) Covers:
LEED for Neighbourhood Development: Plan, LEED for Neighbourhood Development: Built Project
Differences between credits and prerequisites
Credits are optional components that earn points, while prerequisites are mandatory, are not worth any points, and address minimum performance features. Not all categories contain prerequisites, but all categories have credits.
Certification levels and points required
Certified: 40-49 points
Silver: 50-59 points
Gold: 60-79 points
Platinum: 80+ points
Five differences of LEED for Existing Buildings: O&M
Exterior Site Maintenance Programs
Purchasing policies for environmentally preferred service and products
Cleaning programs and policies
Waste stream
Ongoing indoor environmental quality
Chapter 6
Three types of boundaries associated with LEED projects
Building footprint line
LEED boundary line
Property boundary line
LPE
Licensed Professional Exemption
Details of a CIR (Credit Interpretation Ruling)
Applicable to only one project
Not published
Three to four week turnaround time
Revised by GBCI
Initial fee
Three factors a projects certification fees are based on
Rating system the project is seeking certification in
Projects square footage
If project was registered under a corporate membership account with USGBC
Performance period
A continuous period of time in which a building or facilities performance is measured
Chapter 6
Three types of boundaries associated with LEED projects
Building footprint line
LEED boundary line
Property boundary line
LPE
Licensed Professional Exemption
Details of CIR (Credit Interpretation Rulings)
Applicable to only one project
Not published
Three to four week turnaround time
Reviewed by GBCI
Initial fee
Three factors a projects certification are based on
Rating system the project is seeking certification with
Projects square footage
If project was registered under a corporate membership account USGBC
Chapter 7
Three factors to address within the LT Category
Location
Transportation
Neighbourhood pattern and design
Three factors of location
Natural context – Mother Nature
Infrastructural context – utilities and roadway access
Social context – historic value of site, local regulations including zoning, and connection to the community
Floor-to-area ratio
The proportion of total floor area of a building to the total land area the building can occupy
Six strategies to address when selecting a site
Increase density
Choose redevelopment
Locate near existing infrastructure
Protect habitat
Increase diversity of uses
Encourage multiple modes of transportation
Brownfield
Real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant
Four impacts of transportation
Land use – length and frequency of trips
Vehicle technology – quantity and types of energy and support systems needed to move people and goods to and from the site
Fuel – environmental impact of vehicle operation
Human behaviour – a daily transportation decision combining the listed impacts
Three strategies to address transportation during design and planning
Choose a site adjacent to mass transit
Limit parking capacity
Encourage bicycling
Four strategies to address transportation during operations and maintenance
Encourage carpooling
Encourage or provide alternative fuel vehicles
Incentivize building users/employees
Support alternative transportation
Pedestrian infrastructure includes
Sidewalks, crosswalks, all weather surface footpaths or equivalent pedestrian facilities
Bicycle infrastructure includes
On-street bike lanes, off-street bike paths and trails, and streets with low vehicle speed limits
8 strategies to address sustainable neighbourhood pattern and design
Design walkable streets
Include pedestrian amenities
Use compact development strategies
Promote connectivity
Provide diverse land uses
Create a diverse community
Support access to sustainable food
Ensure that all residents have easy access to grocery stores
Chapter 8
Three factors to address within the sustainable site category
Site design and management
Rainwater management
Heat island effect
Native Plants
Native vegetation that occurs naturally
Adaptive Plants
Not natural but can adapt to their new surroundings
Potable Water
Drinking water supplied by municipalities or wells
Imperviousness
Surfaces that do not allow water to pass through them
Perviousness
Surfaces that allow water to percolate or penetrate through them
Storm water runoff
Rainwater that leaves a project site flowing along parking lots and roadways, traveling to sewer systems and water bodies
Building/development footprint
The amount of land the building structure occupies not including landscape and hardscape surfaces such as parking lots, driveways, and walkways
5 site design strategies
Preserve open space and sensitive areas
Minimize hardscape
Use native landscaping
Prevent light pollution
Protect and restore habitat
3 strategies to address for site maintenance and operations
Develop a sustainable management plan
Implement conservation programs
Maintain site lighting to prevent light pollution
3 design strategies to address rainwater management
Minimize impervious areas
Control rainwater
Incorporate rainwater management into site design
2 operations and maintenance strategies to address rainwater management
Redirect rainwater
Harvest rainwater
Heat island effect
A city or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities
Solar Reflective Index (SRI)
A measure of the solar reflect since and emissive to of materials that can be used as an indicator of how hot they are likely to become when solar radiation is incident on their surface. The lower the SRI, the hotter a material is likely to become in the sunshine
Evapotranspiration
An important strategy for projects in arid climates. The return of water to the atmosphere after evaporating from plants’ leaves
3 strategies to reduce the heat island effect
Use reflective roof materials
Reduce the area of paved surfaces exposed to sunlight
Plan an urban forest or a green roof
Chapter 9
2 types of water use in the water efficiency category
Indoor water use
Outdoor water use
Standard for WE prerequisites and credits
Energy Policy Act of 1992. Project teams are encouraged to select EPA WaterSense and Energy Star products
Baseline versus design
The amount of water a conventional project would use compared to the design case
Flush fixtures
Toilets and urinals. Measured in gallons per flush (gpf)
Flow fixtures
Sink faucets, shower heads, aerators. Measures in gallons per minute (gpm)
Process water uses
Industrial purposes such as chillers, cooling towers, boilers, and uses for business operations including washing machines, dish washers, and ice makers
Three strategies for indoor water use
Install efficient plumbing fixtures
Use non-potable water
Install sub meters
Graywater
Wastewater from showers, bathtubs, lavatories, and washing machines. This water has not come into contact with toilet waste according to the International Plumbing Code (IPC)
Chapter 10
HVAC&R
Heating, Venting, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration
Baseline standard for energy performance
ASHRAE 90.1-2010
3 uses of regulated energy
Lighting
HVAC
Service water for domestic and space heating purposes
Uses of process energy
Computers, office equipment, kitchen refrigeration and cooking, washing and drying machines, elevators and escalators
Refrigerants should be valued based on:
ODP – Ozone Depletion Potential
GWP- Global Warming Potential
4 components of EA category
Energy demand
Energy efficiency
Renewable energy
Ongoing energy performance
Energy standard aside from ASHRAE 90.1-2014
California’s Title 24
4 strategies to address energy demand
Establish design and energy goals
Size the building appropriately
Use free energy
Insulate
Units of measurement for energy (electricity, natural gas, liquid fuel)
Electricity – kilowatts per hour
Natural Gas – therms
Liquid fuel – gallons
6 strategies to use energy more efficiently
Address the envelope
Install high performance mechanical systems
Use high efficient infrastructure and traffic signals
Capture efficiencies of scale
Use energy simulation
Monitor and verify performance
6 types of qualifying renewable energy sources
Solar
Wind
Wave
Biomass
Geothermal power
Low-impact hydropower
2 strategies to incorporate renewable energy
Generate on-site renewable energy
Purchase green power or renewable energy credits
What is REC
Renewable Energy Credits
4 ways to ensure optimal performance of a LEED certified project
Adhere to the OPR
Provide staff training
Conduct preventative maintenance
Create incentives for occupants and tenants
Benefits of a CxA
Minimize or eliminate design flaws
Avoid construction defects
Avoid equipment malfunctions
Ensure preventative maintenance is implemented during operations
Chapter 11
3 components to address within the MR category
Conservation of materials
Environmentally, socially, and locally preferable materials
Waste management and reduction
5 strategies to conserve materials throughout a projects lifecycle
Reside existing buildings and salvaged materials
Plan for smaller, more compact communities
Design smaller, more flexible homes and buildings
Use efficient framing techniques
Promote source reduction in operations