Law Enforcement Chapter 8 & 9

Natural emergencies include:
Floods, fires, tornados, hurricanes, typhoons, tidal waves, landslides, avalanches, volcanic eruptions, extreme temperatures, blizzards, leaking natural gas, and earthquakes.
Every police agency should have:
Pre-disaster plan for responding to an emergency
What should pre disaster plans include ?
•What emergencies to prepare for
•what needs to be done in advance
•what must happen during the emergency, outside agencies that might help
•how personnel and their families will be protected
•how to keep media informed
•what steps need to be taken to restore order after emergency
What is FEMA?
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FEMA was founded?
1979, in charge of building & supporting the nation’s emergency management system
FEMA became apart of the Department of Homeland Security on what date ?
March 1, 2003
What is the mission of FEMA?
•Reduce loss of life and property
•protect the nation from all hazards
What system communicates and coordinates during an emergency?
The National Incident Management System
What is the NRF?
National Response Framework
National Response Framework include ?
A guide to how the nation conducts all hazardous incident responses
The National Response Framework has designated 15 Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) which are ?
Transportation, Communication, Public works and engineering, Firefighting, Emergency management, Mass care, emergency assistance, housing, and human services, Logistics management and resource support, Public health and medical services, Search and rescue, Oil and hazardous materials response, Agriculture and natural resources, Energy, Public safety and security, Long-term community recovery, External affairs
Major problems during disasters are ?
Lack of communication & coordination
What is PTSD?
Post traumatic stress disorder
Incident management refers too?
How incidents are managed across all homeland security activities, including prevention, protection, response, mitigation, and recovery
Emergency operations center (EOC) is ?
Location from which personnel operate during a natural disaster or other type of emergency
What is swatting ?
An emerging trend by pranksters involving communication centers in which a false report is filed, via the Internet
Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) is ?
A congressionally rarified organization managed by the National Emergency Managers Association (NEMA) to provide form and structure to interstate mutual aid
What is Emergency management ?
The coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, mitigate against threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism or other human made disasters
What are the four phases of an emergency
1. Warning period
2.impact period
3. Immediate reaction after impact
4. The period of delayed response
What is a triage ?
Prioritizing , sorting out by degree of seriousness, as in medical emergencies
What should you do before an emergency ?
•Be prepared and proactive
• identify equip rn and resources
•establish good relationships with the media
What should you do during an emergency?
•Assess the situation

•Keep channels of communication open

• Focus on big picture

• Involve key personnel

•Keep city officials informed

What should contingency plans also be made for ?
Other emergencies such as bridge collapses, plane crashes, hazardous material spills, bomb threats, bombings, terrorist attacks
What is a hazmat incident ?
Incident involving hazardous material
What is the policy for police departments dealing with a suspected bomb ?
Do not touch, move people away from the bomb not the bomb away from people, a 300 foot radius is a good general rule to follow
What is terrorism ?
The unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.
What does the FBI categorize terrorist acts as ?
Domestic or international
What is jihad ?
A holy war
What is estimative language?
Language based on analytical assessments & judgements rather than on facts of hard evidence
What are terrorist groups in the United States considered? Give examples
Right wing extremists such as ( white supremacists, black supremacists, militia group )& left wing extremists ( pro life extremists, animal rights activists, environmental extremists)
What is Eco terrorism ?
Seeks to inflict economic damage on those who profit from the destruction of the natural environment.
What are some methods used by terrorists ?
Arson, explosives & bombs, weapons of mass destruction ( biological, chemical, or nuclear agents) and technology to carry out attacks.
What is “WMD”
Weapons of Mass Destruction
What is Bioterrorism ?
Use of viruses , toxins , or fungi as weapons of mass destruction
What is Agroterrorism
Subset of bioterrorism. The intentional release of animal or plant toxins to generate widespread public fear and economic loss and undermine social stability
What is Cyberterrorism ?
The use of high technology to disable or delete critical infrastructure data or information as a means of promoting a religious or political ideology and that targets innocent civilians, elements of the business sector, or government agencies
The four common types of chemical weapons are ?
Nerve agents, blood agents , choking agents and blistering agents
Valuable targets for a terrorist attack are ?
High-occupancy structures or any site where a significant number of lives are affected
Technological Terrorism is ?
A method of terrorist attack that is much more difficult for law enforcement to recognize and respond to is technological terrorism
FBI established a counterterrorism center to combat terrorism in ?
1996
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act was passed in ?
1996
The lead agency for responding to acts of domestic terrorism is ? (On the federal level)
FBI
The lead agency for consequence management is ? (After an attack)
FEMA
President Bush signed the executive order establishing the department of homeland security on what date?
October 8, 2001
What is the department of homeland security’s five point mission ?
1. Preventing terrorism and enhancing security
2.securing and managing our borders
3.Enforcing & administering our immigration laws
4. Safeguarding and securing cyberspace
5. Ensuring resilience to disasters
On October 26, 2001 President George W. Bush signed what act ?
USA PATRIOT ACT
USA PATRIOT ACT Is ?
Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism
What does the USA PATRIOT ACT significantly improve ?
The nation’s counterterrorism efforts
What are three obstacles to intelligence effectiveness?
Technological, political, ethical
The first line of defense against terrorism is ?
The patrol officer
What is NSI ?
Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting Initiative
What is ACLU ?
American Civil Liberties Union
The department of homeland security (DHS) established a five-level color-coded threat system used to ?
Communicate with public safety officials and the public at large.
What is the first line of defense against terrorism ?
Patrol officers in the field
Stages in a terrorist act include
1. Research, surveillance, standouts
2. Planning, usually behind closed doors average planning cycle for international terrorist is 92 days
3. Execution, actual attack, possible escape
What are three obstacles to intelligence effectiveness?
Technological, political & ethical
What is a fusion center ?
Manages and facilitates the flow of information and intelligence across all levels and sectors of government and private industry, turning information and intelligence into actionable knowledge.