Lab Values

Term Definition
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) 3.80 – 5.5 million; Female 3.8 to 4.9 / Male 4.5 to 5.5
White Blood Cell Count (WBC) 4.1 – 11 thousand. Higher than 11 can indicate infection. Less than 3.5 can be due to chemo. If it lowers to 1.5 d/c tx
Platelet Count (PLT) 100,000 to 450,000
Hemoglobin (Hgb) 12 to 16.5; Female 12- 15 / Male 13.5 – 16.5
Hematocrit (Hct) 36 – 50 ; Female 36 -44 / Male 41- 50
MCV (mean corpuscular volume) 80-100
MCH 27 – 33
MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) 32 – 36
RDW (Red Cell Distribution Width) 11 -15
Neutrophils 40 -60
Lymphocytes 20-40
Monocytes 2- 8
Eosinophils 1 – 4
Basophils 0.5 – 1
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel CMP ; Fasting is preferred for this test and is drawn in the Tiger tube
Glucose (Glu) 70-115 – test for diabetics
Creatinine (Cr) 0.7 -1.40; tests kidney function
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 20-31; Higher than 31 can indicate organ failure; Less than 20 can indicate Resp Inf, asthma, COPD
Potassium (K+) 3.5 – 5.3; Hospitalization below 2.0 as it can cause seizures or MI
Sodium (Na+) 135 -145
Chloride (Cl-) 96 -110
Calcium (Ca2+) 8.4 – 10.2
BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) 7 – 25; tests kidney function for infection, UTI or jaundice
Protein, total (Prot) 6 – 8
ALT ( Alanine Aminotransferase) 13 – 69; Liver tests
AST (Aspartate Aminotransferase) 10 – 35; Liver tests
Bilirubin, Total (T.billi) 0.1 – 1.2
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) 33-120; tests for liver disease or bone disorders
Proper Order of Draw Sterile Yellow, Light Blue, Red, Gold (Tiger), Green, Light Green, Lavender, Royal Blue, Pink, Tan, Black, Gray and White
Sterile Yellow SPS Additive; Tests for Blood Cultures
Light Blue Coagulation; Sodium Citrate, PT, PTT, PT/INR, Invert 3-4 times
Red No additive, Blood Bank, Serology Depts; Various tests
Gold (Tiger) Thixotropic Serum for barrier for RBC; Tests= BMP, CMP, TSH, Lipid, Hep Fnctns, Uric Acid, Hcg, PSA, Cholesterol, FSH, LH
Green / Light Green Heparin; Used mostly in Hospital setting, Anti Coag that inhibits thrombin, For STAT chemistry tests; Invert 8x
Lavender EDTA; Invert 8x ; Tests RBC, WBC, Platelets, CBC tests, ESR
Royal Blue EDTA; Invert 8x; Drug testing and toxicology reports
Pink EDTA; Invert 8x; Antibody testing, ABO Blood type, RH Factor
Tan Sodium Heparin; Tests for Lead Poisoning
Black ESR or Sodium Citrate; Invert 3-4x; ESR, tests the size, shape and weight of a RBC
Gray Sodium Fluoride; Invert 8x; Tests mainly for Diabetics, STAT Glucose
White K2 or EDTA; Invert 8x; DNA testing

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