Kounin’s eight principles of Classroom Management

Withitness
a teacher’s ability to correct misbehaviour before it gets out of control and before other students in the class see it and also begin to do it
Overlapping
how a teacher deals with two or more events that are going on in the classroom at the same time
Momentum
refers to the teacher’s ability to have a steady movement or pacing throughout a lesson
Smoothness
is the lesson’s continuity
Group Alerting
is engaging the attention of the whole class while individuals are responding
Encouraging Accountability
communication to the students that their participation will be observed and evaluated
High Participation Formats
using lessons that define behaviour of students when they are not directly answering a teacher’s question
Transitions
the interval between any two activities
Withitness
A teacher who is able to physically move towards a student who is misbehaving while continuing with the lesson
Overlapping
During group activities a teacher is able to provide assistance to a student at one centre while providing words of encouragement to students at other stations
Momentum
A teacher is able to notice that the class is taking too much time dwelling on a minor concept and quickly moves on while making a mental note to go more in-depth the next day
Smoothness
The teacher avoids allowing comments that may distract the attention away from the key points of the lesson
Group Alerting
Keeping the entire class involved in the learning process so that students are, potentially, active participants at all times
Encouraging Accountability
At the end of a discussion and practice of a new skill, students are told to turn to a neighbour and explain the process to him or her
High Participation Formats
Occur when students are expected to write answers, solve problems, read along, and use manipulative material
Transitions
One of the most important techniques in maintaining student involvement and class control throughout the changes in activities in the lesson.