ISYS Chapter 1-7

Waiting to acquire new technology until it is proven is called what?
being a follower
Software sold as a collection are called what?
software suite
What computers process large amounts of data for mid-sized business?
midrange computers
What is the most important part of an information system?
people
Does the average businessperson need to be an expert in IT?
no
Running more than one application at a time is called what?
multitasking
What is the easiest and most basic way to share data?
copy (or cut) and paste
What are the largest and most powerful business computers?
main frame
What kind of software requires no human interaction?
System
Any task a computer performs is called what?
process
What is the most important aspect of a productivity suite?
sharing data
How is information represented on a monitor?
GUI
What part of the computer coordinates memory?
Operating System
A computer program that accomplishes a specific task is called what?
Software
What plays an important role when learning IT?
attitude
The table of contents of a hard drive is called?
FAT (File Allocation Table)
A common name for an operating system is what?
platform
The tangible and physical aspects of a computer are called what?
Hardware
Acquiring technoology when it is first introduced is called what?
being a leader
Desktop computers are considered what type of computer?
Microcomputers
What is the most important thing system software does?
enables the operating system
What part of a computer is responsible for reading and writing data?
operating system
In a DBMS what is a column called?
field
What is a clickable navigation element?
hyperlink
Linking the customer and transaction tables is called what
one-to-many relationship
What does platform neutral mean in context of a PDF?
works on any operating system
Which of the following is not a feature of word processing software?
Array Document Protocols
Which software visually communicated a point?
Spreadsheets
Who invented the first web browser?
Sir Tim Berners-Lee
What differentiates system software from application software?
Human intervention
What technology has made presentation software more popular?
business intelligence
Where was WordPerfect originally developed?
Brigham Young University
What was the first web browser called?
WorldWideWeb
Which is not a peripheral device?
NIC Card
What software displays web pages?
Browser
Which is not word processing software?
Apple Word Press Pro
What company makes Acrobat?
Adobe
Which is the leading presentation software?
Microsoft Powerpoint
What software is designed to display on screen?
Presentation software
What application software features a “what-if” analysis?
Spreadsheets
Which software can provide a table of contents?
Word Processor
What software models financial information?
Spreadsheets
What is it called when a row and column intersect in a spreadsheet?
a cell
In a DBMS what is a row called?
record
Connecting two or more computers is called what?
Networking
What software did Excel replace as the most popular spreadsheet?
Lotus 123
What is the most popular word processor in the world?
Microsoft Word
What does DBMS stand for?
Database Management System Software
What does PDF stand for?
Portable Document Format
What does the acronym BIOS mean?
Basic Input/Output System
Microsoft replaced menus with what?
Ribbons
A business computer authenticates a user based on what?
login
Loading a platform into a computer’s memory is called what>
Booting
Powering up a computer for the first time is called what?
cold boot
A GUI unto its own is called what?
Window
What shows the last time a computer file was saved or created?
Modification date
What represents a user’s specific preferences?
profile
Smaller files that represent larger files are called what?
pages
What is a small pictogram that launches an application?
icon
What contains groups of computer files?
folders
What program organizes a disk?
defragmentation
What button expands a window?
Maximize
Starting a computer loads system software to provide what?
Operating system
What compensates for operating system inadequacies?
Patch fixes
Disks have concentric bands called what?
Tracks
Files exchanged in and out of RAM are called what?
swap files
Restarting a computer is called what?
warm boot
What is the window a user is currently using?
Active window
What is the background display on a monitor called?
Desktop
This contains settings like screen savors, appearance, and personalization
registry
After a computer gets power, it searches for what?
BIOS
This is actually a technique of breaking up files
Virtual memory
What does the acronym GUI mean?
Graphical User Interface
Tracks are separated into wedges called what?
Sectors
What does Apple call a motherboard?
logic board
Data and information that enters a computer is called what?
input
A microprocessor’s speed is measured in what?
clock rate
What is the main body of a computer called?
system unit
What is the main component of a system unit?
motherboard
A PSU converts Alternating Current to what?
Direct Current
Image and text scanners use a technology called what?
OSR
Where does the microprocessor reside?
on the motherboard
How are buslines measured?
Width
What coding scheme do most microcomputers use?
ASCII
Data and information that leaves a computer is called what?
output
What is the pen-like device that can “write”on a screen?
stylus
The programming on ROM chips is sometimes called what?
firmware
Is it important to know how the inside of a computer works?
yes
How many bits in a byte?
8
What tag can transmit through radio waves?
RFID
What are the pathways inside a computer called?
buslines
What is the chassis commonly referred as?
the “box”
What is the only real language a computer understands?
machine code
Which type of memory is secondary storage?
hard drive
What is considered the “brains” of the computer?
microprocessor
Physically, what is a motherboard?
circuit board
Many chips encased in one chip working together is what?
RCIS
Which type of memory is primary storage?
RAM
What determines a monitor’s resolution?
DPI
What is another name for an OS?
platform
What are the set of rules to move data from one computer to another?
TCP/IP
Which operating system is free of cost?
Linux
What does MS/DOS stand for?
Microsoft Disk Operating System
What is the dominant OS in the operating system market?
Windows
What is the table of contents to a hard drive?
FAT
What is the world’s largest network?
internet
Which operating system is open-source?
Linux
Which memory helps decrease the time it takes to access memory?
CPU Cache
What function stores and organizes a user’s work in computer files?
File Manager
TCP/IP breaks file into what?
packets
Can an embedded operating system be modified?
no
What program unclutters a hard drive?
defragmentation
Who sold IBM MS/DOS?
Gates and Allen
Who can modify Linux?
Anyone
What kind of operating system does an iPhone use?
embedded
Who developed the earliest Mac OS?
Steve jobs and Wazniak
What is a common name for a hierarchy of directories?
folder
Which memory coordinates, tracks, allocates other memory?
Virtual
Which is not a major OS business?
Borland System Platform
What is it called when a computer performs a task?
process
Is an OS system software or application software?
system
Which memory quickens the implementation of computer programs?
registers
Who stared Linix?
Linus Torvalds
Name a primary storage with no physical movement that can be accessed in any order.
RAM
What storage device is reel-to-reel?
Magnetic tape
What coding scheme is used by most microcomputers?
ASCII
Physical items like desks, computers and tractors constitute what in business?
Tangible property
What is the capacity of cloud storage?
unlimited
What plan is for a future business catastrophe?
Disaster Recovery Plan
Which storage device is a series of stacked platters?
RAID
How many bits in a byte?
8
How many Kilobytes are in a Megabyte
1,024
A read/write head on a spinning desk is like what?
A record player arm
What is meant by the variety of ways a computer can save data and info?
computer memory
When data is no longer needed on a daily basis, how is it backed up?
Archived
operating systems have their file management systems modeled after what>
filing cabinets
What storage device is read sequentially?
Magnetic Tape
What coding scheme do mainframe computers use?
EBCDIC
In computing, what is best described as where the user works?
primary storage
What storage device is considered the slowest?
magnetic tape
What is the newer version of FAT?
NTFS (New Technology File System)
What is bigger than a Yottabyte?
Brontobyte
In computing, what is best described as where the user stores their work?
secondary storage
what coding scheme is used for Japanese and Chinese computers?
Unicode
What is the table of contents for a disk drive?
FAT
What was the storage capacity of a floppy disk?
1.44mg
What is considered the “brains” of the computer?
microprocessor
What coding scheme do most microcomputers use?
ASCII
Data and information that leaves a computer is called what?
output
What is the main body of a computer called?
system unit
What is the main component of a system unit?
motherboard
Who manages EPEAT?
GEC
When was the Energy Star founded?
1992
How many of EPEAT’s criteria are required for certification consideration?
23
What is the problem with NCAR’s climate models?
Extremely unreliable
Another term for acceptance of an acknowledged problem is what?
diffusion
Where are EPEAT criteria listed online?
epeat.net
Which PC mode uses the least amount of power?
standby mode
How many total criteria in EPEAT?
51
Which EPEAT criteria ask manufacturers to take their products back when they are no longer useful?
end of life management
Which EPEAT criteria ask manufacturers to make their products last longer?
Product Longevity / Life Cycle Extension
Environmentally friendly computer systems are called what?
green PCs
What is the work arrangement that allows an employee to work from home?
telecommuting
Which EPEAT criteria ask manufacturers to design products that can be upgraded with common tools?
product Longevity / Life Cycle Extension
What is it called when heat cannot escape into space?
Greenhouse effect
What measures a human’s impact on the environment?
carbon footprint
What policy promotes efficient energy use in PSUs?
80 plus
What informs consumers of percentage of renewable / bio-based plastic content
material selection criteria
The practice of using computing resources efficiently and reducing waste is called what?
green computing
What is EPEAT’s highest designation?
gold star
Which EPEAT criteria require manufacturers to adopt sound corporate environmental policies?
corporate performance
Who funded EPEAT?
EPA
Who is in charge of all computer assets for an organization?
CIO (chief information officer)
How many of EPEAT’s criteria are optional?
28
Which EPEAT criteria require adoption of Energy Star specification?
energy conservation
What document(s) is based on the idea that business can become environmentally friendly?
green business plan
CIO
Chief Information Officer
Who takes care of technology and budget
CIO
GEC
Green Electronics Council
Who manages the EP?
the GEC
ROM
Read Only Memory
Is the ROM primary or secondary memory?
secondary
What device is secondary?
hard drive
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
Who does the communication rules so that computers can talk to one another
TCP/IP
RAM
Random Access Memory
Is the RAM primary or secondary memory?
primary
GUI
Graphical User Interface
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System
What’s the very first thing that a computer looks for when it’s booting up?
BIOS
BI
Business Intelligence
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
What’s the standard code that individual computers use?
ASCII
EBCDIC
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
What is the standard code used by large business?
EBCDIC
What is the code used for Chinese and Japanese?
UNICODE
OLE
Object Linking and Embedding
What’s another way to share info other than copy and paste?
OLE (object linking and embedding)
NTFS
New Technology File System
FAT
File Allocation Table
What creates a table of contents?
FAT
PDF
Portable Document Format
CMOS
Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
What has time and programming instructions?
CMOS (complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor)
TOC
Table of Contents
What has 51 total requirements?
EPEAT