IS-378 ch. 1 Introduction to Project Management

project
a non-routine one time TEMPORARY job limited by time and budget to meet a SPECIFIC PURPOSE.
project management
is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements.
What are the five stages of a life cycle of a project?
Initiating, Planning, Developing, Implementing, Closing
A project manager’s primary role involves managing all aspects of a project from the beginning to the end and delivering it s____, o_ ___, and b____.
specified, on time, and within budget
project committee
Large organizations often employ some form of __ ___ that evaluates and recommends project proposals.
creeping scope
One of the persistent problems in most projects is the phenomenon known as ___ ____. This problem occurs when stakeholders or proponents of the project gradually expand their request by adding in new features or modifying initial specifications.
outsourcing
refers to the procurement of talent, such as consultants and suppliers from outside of the organization and sometimes overseas.
offshoring
The latter is frequently referred to as ___. This is an important topic, and we devote an entire chapter to outsourcing and ___ in this book. (blanks are the same)
stakeholders
The PM must be able to communicate properly with the key ____ of the project throughout the project development life cycle.
delays; unexpected
It is important to communicate and explain, as early as possible, d___ and u___ costs.
integrated
Inter-organizational relationships are important, particularly for large projects. The success of i___ projects depends on the broad participation of people in those functions that will be affected by the outcome.
sponsors
s___ of the idea must make the case as to why the new project is needed and how it helps organizational objectives.
Initiation stage
at this stage, a project is put into place and a commitment is made.
planning stage
p___ s___: the project scope is defined as clearly as possible, objectives are described, and activities are planned. Team members are identified and responsibilities are assigned.
development stage
d___ s___: This stage, sometimes known as the executing phase, encompasses the detailed design up to, but excluding, the final implementation of the plan.
implementation stage
i___ s___: at this stage, sometimes known as the control phase, (though we would argue that ‘control’ throughout the project), the product is delivered to the customer.
closing stage
c__ s___: at this stage, the project is closed from an administrative point of view. Activities at this stage include: formalizing acceptance of the projects: evaluating the project team members; terminating vendor contracts as well as the employment of those hired specifically for the duration of the project…etc.
quality assurance
obtained through quality control that is built into the process, with responsibilities clearly assigned.
project audit
The primary intent of the p__ a___ is to formalize and document the lessons learned, to generate a report that summarizes experiences gained, and to suggest ideas beneficial to future projects.
organizational learning
The project audit is a review of facts relative to events, activities, and processes for the purpose of o___ l___.
organizational memory
Organizations need to learn from their successes and failures through this knowledge sharing (its o___ m___) and build on this past experience to improve future performance.
stakeholder analysis
s__ a___ is a technique to help project managers analyze those affected by the project
stakeholder map
Stakeholder analysis is often done in a kind of brainstorming session and then documented as a list or a set of interconnecting circles, sometimes known as a s____ m__.
trust
It is hard to define t___, but we know that individuals are trusted depending on their character, competency, and ethical standing.
RIGHT THING
It is very important that your team members feel that you want to do the __ ___.
trust
You cannot develop ___ in people who do not know their field and cannot promote confidence in those they work with.
introduction
The i____ chapter introduced the topic of project management and provided an overview of project management principles and tools.
scope
the project s__: the initial and important stages of project development are described.
cost
estimating c__ in order to be able to carry out project activities and deliver and final product that provides the predicted benefits.
scheduling
describes the essentials of project time management and scheduling.
leadership
describes the project management l_______ and its importance to the success of any project as well as its impact on the project as a whole.
integrated projects
inter-organizational collaboration for projects.
Triple constraints
scope, time and cost
Project scope
key success indicator which defines objectives, essential to evaluating resources, and is critical to achieving customer satisfaction.
Internal talent pool
employees already in organization that can help with project
stakeholders
top management, managers, team members, customers, clients of proposed project, suppliers
code of conduct
an ethics guide to guide employee behavior
ethical characteristics
respect for the individual, dignity, fairness, pursuit of truth, and helpfulness.
three aspects of project management
(three fold) what project management is, what type of persons makes a successful PM’er, methods tools and processes to be a successful project manager.
Four characteristics of big data
volume, velocity, variety, veracity
What is big data?
Combination of Data Mining, Text Mining and Clouds Computing
creates
Big data c_____ knowledge, and the new knowledge will shift traditional business to a new era
How is PM used with big data
PM is used to implement the transferring from the traditional business to big data
9 knowledge ares of PM?
Scope, time, cost, quality, HR, communication, risk, procurement and project integration management
Two type of PM skills?
Sociocultural and technical
Sociocultural skills
leadership, problem solving, team work, negotiation, politics, customer expectations
Technical skills
scope, schedules, resource allocation, budgets, status reports
True
T/F Projects are notorious for budget overrun and delay
True
T/F Balance between the science and the art of project management.
information
understanding relations
knowledge
understanding patterns
wisdom
understanding principles
Middle
Project managers have replaced m____ managers in many organizations.
project
a non-routine one time job limited by time and budget to meet a specified need of the customer. “A temporary endeavor with a beginning and an end.”
Project management
is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements.
project committee
evaluates and recommends project proposals.
creeping scope
occurs when stakeholders or proponents of the project gradually expand their requests by adding new features or modifying initial specifications.
outsourcing
the procurement of talent, such as consultants and suppliers, from outside of the organization and sometimes overseas.
initiation stage
project is initiated and a commitment is made.
Sponsors
the idea must make the case as to why the new project is needed and how it helps organizational objectives.
Planning
the project scope is defined as clearly as possible, objectives are described, and activities are planned. Team members are identified and responsibilities are assigned.
development stage
(executing phase) encompasses the detailed design up to, but excluding, the final implementation of the plan.
quality assurance
obtained through quality control that is built into the process, with responsibilities clearly assigned.
implementation stage
(control phase), the product is delivered to the customer. All tests are carried out and instructions and manuals are prepared.
closing stage
project is closed from an administrative point of view.
project audit
formalize and document the lessons learned, to generate a report that summarizes experiences gained, and to suggest ideas beneficial to future projects
Stakeholder analysis
technique to help project managers in such circumstances
stakeholder map
kind of brainstorming session and then documented as a list or a set of interconnecting circles.