Intro to Emergency Management- Chapter 1-2

social events
disasters are
social disruption
disasters cause — for a specific group of people
external help
disasters necessitate
Drabek 1996
An unexpected event which places life and/or property in danger and requires and immediate response through the use of routine community resources and procedures
TDEM
A natural or human-created hazard that results in an event causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life or drastic change to the environment. Can cause damage to life and property; destroy the economic, social and cultural life of individuals; and exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.
Suiter Scale
Anarchy
Chaos
Catastrophe
Disaster
Emergency
Incident
Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, Recovery
Four Phases of Disaster
Systems Theory
Built Environment, Physical Environment, Human Environment
Stafford Act
federal assistance, disaster declaration process, requirements and guidelines for states and locals
National Incident Management System
A consistent nationwide template for integrated, collaborative emergency management that is founded on best practices and the need to continuously develop new and better approaches (i.e. a framework for a team to work together towards common goals)
Whole Community
A means by which residents, emergency management practitioners, organizational and community leaders, and government officials can collectively understand and assess the needs of their respective communities and determine the best ways to organize and strengthen their assets, capacities, and interests.
resiliency
The ability to resist, absorb, recover from, or adapt to adverse conditions
Hazard
A source of danger that may or may not lead to an emergency or disaster
Risk
The likelihood of a hazard leading to an actual disaster event and the consequences of that event should it occur
100 and 500 year floodplain
identification is one of the primary methods of communicating flood risk
Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale
Measures intensity of hurricanes based on sustained wind speeds. Estimates potential property damage
Enhanced Fujita Scale
Update that incorporates 28 “Damage Indicators” (i.e. type of impacted object) and “Degree of Damage” (i.e. observed damage to Damage Indicator) to determine scale. Allows for more precise categorization.
Wildland-Urban Interface
Where undeveloped land (physical environment) meets developed land (built environment)
Wildland Fires
Fueled almost exclusively by natural vegetation
Interface or Intermix Fires
occur in or near the WUI
Firestorms
– An extremely intense wildfire that creates its own wind system or “storm”
Solar Flares
Sudden release of energy from the Sun. May lead to major disturbance of Earth’s magnetosphere that occurs when there is a very efficient exchange of energy from the solar wind into the space environment surrounding Earth. Sometimes visible as Aurora.
Hazard Risk Management
The process by which individuals, communities, and countries deal with the hazard risk they face.
Risk Vulnerability
is a physical feature or operational attribute that renders an entity susceptible to a given hazard