intro to disease ch 8-9

thrush may be a result of
prolonged antibiotic therapy
the diagnostic evaluation for peptic ulcers might include
endoscopy and biopsy of lesion, patient history, upper GI barium series and the study of gastric contents and stool for evidence of bleeding.
agents that may damage the gastric lining and cause gastritis include
medications, poisons, alcohol, and infectious diseases; mechanical injury; allergic reaction or irritation from foods.
the primary treatment of gastric cancer may include
gastric resection usually followed by chemoradiotherapy
abdominal discomfort with maximum tenderness of the abdomen at McBurneys point, nausea, rebound tenderness, diarrhea or constipation, are clinical signs of
appendicitis
a fairly common chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal involving all layers of the bowel which causes chronic diarrhea is
Crohn disease
the earliest signs of colorectal cancer are
often vague and nonspecific
viral hepatitis A is usually transmitted by
the fecal oral route; contaminated food, water, and stools; and poor hygiene
Cancer of the liver is
usually a secondary cancer
inflammation of the gallbladder commonly associated with gallstones is called
cholecystitis
the disease linked to a psychologic disturbance in which hunger is denied by self imposed starvation is
anorexia nervosa
the most serious complications of anorexia nervosa include
electrolyte imbalance and cardiac irregularities
the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) includes
light evening meal 4 hours before bedtime and elevation of the head of the bed by 6inches
the management of peptic ulcers may necessitate
rest, changes in diet, adjustments of lifestyle and drug therapy
the causes of pancreatitis include
alcoholism, trauma, infection, biliary tract disease, structural anomalies
what allows for visual examination of the upper GI tract.
an endoscopy
a chronic irreversible degeneration of the liver is
cirrhosis
what processes and transports the products of digestion
the alimentary canal
what blisters can develop on the lips and inside the mouth producing painful ulcers that last a few hours or days
herpes simplex
the incubation period for hepatitis A is
15-50 days
exposure to what types of smoke may make an individual more susceptible to any respiratory conditon
primary and secondary
another name for a nosebleed
epistaxis
the common cold is a group of minor illness caused by
almost 200 viruses or from mycoplasma
causes of epistaxis are
direct trauma or foreign body hypertension or other systemic disorders hemophilia and leukemia
the common symptom of a tumor of the larynx
dysphonia
of primary importance in the diagnosis of hemoptysis is
determination of the source of the bleeding
stasis of blood flow from immobility injury to a vessel or predisposition to clot formation increase the risk of
pulmonary embolism
permanent irreversible dilation or distortion of the bronchi resulting from destruction of muscular bronchial wall, describes
bronchiectasis
occupational diseases hat cause progressive chronic inflammation and infection in the lungs from inhalation of inorganic dust are termed
pneumoconiosis
what is a destructive disease of the alveoli and the adjacent capillary walls resulting in chronic dyspnea cough and the characteristics barrel chest
emphysema
epstein-barr virus is the cause of
infectious mononucleosis
severe hypoxemia in a patient who has recently experienced trauma is called
shock lung or ARDS
what refers to obstructive pulmonary diseases of the lungs including chronic bronchitis bronchiectasis asthma emphysema and pneumoconiosis
COPD
treatment of pneumonia includes
organism specific antibodies for bacterial pneumonia penicillin for viral pneumonia and thoracentesis
the most common form of pneumoconiosis
asbestosis
the accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs from inhaling smoke or coal dust is known as
anthracosis
prognosis for patients with lung cancer is generally
poor
the exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells is known as
internal respiration
the primary function of lungs is respiration which maintains life by
supplying oxygen to cells and allows removal of carbon dioxide
what is a highly contagious acute viral disease that occurs in annual outbreaks
influenza