INTRO TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE CH.4-6

. Which policing strategy reorganizes conventional patrol strategies into
integrated and versatile police teams assigned to a fixed district?
team policing
. Which policing strategy reorganizes conventional patrol strategies into integrated and versatile police teams assigned to a fixed district?
Strategic policing
Which police strategy emphasizes an increased capacity to deal with crimes that are not well controlled by traditional methods?
Pennsylvania
Which state had the first modern state police agency?
The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment
established that preventive patrol does not affect citizen fear of crime
In what year did the FBI begin as the Bureau of Investigation
1908
. A centralized law enforcement agency
combines criminal investigations with patrol of state highways
Which agency would not be encompassed by the term local police
state police
Which of the following is typically not a function of a sheriff’s department
appoint a local coroner
The FBI headquarters are named after
J. Edgar Hoover.
. In what year was the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration established
1969
. The FBI headquarters is located in what city?
Washington, D.C.
Where is the nation’s largest law enforcement agency, with about 38,000 sworn officers?
New York
. Which of the following is not one of the three major levels of law enforcement?
district
. What strategy is designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through the application of scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques?
directed patrol
What decade is considered the heyday of scientific police management
1970s
Why doesn’t police response time result in a significant number of arrests?
Citizens do not report the event to the police until a considerable
amount of time passes.
What federal agency is responsible for managing the database of DNA profiles?
Federal Bureau of Investigation
What state was the first to centralize its state police force
Pennsylvania
. Which local law enforcement official is responsible for serving court papers, maintaining security within courtrooms, and running the county jail?
sheriff
. The political era of American policing
was characterized by police serving the interests of politicians.
. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the reform era of American policing?
Police stressed their role of service to the community
. Semi-permanent assignment of officers to particular neighborhoods is called
team policing
. Community policing is best characterized by which of the following
providing service to citizens
. What is the best way to describe police subculture?
a particular set of values characteristic of the police
. What name is most closely associated with the concept of “policing styles”?
James Q. Wilson
. The legalistic style of policing
enforces the letter of the law.
. Police-community relations (PCR) as a police practic
recognizes that the police derive their legitimacy from the community they serve.
. In what era of policing did police departments focus most of their resources on solving “traditional” crimes such as murder and rape
the reform era
. Some authors have warned that the police subculture focuses almost exclusively on
crime fighting.
. Which policing style was in use when the Rodney King beating occurred in Los Angeles?
watchman
If state troopers were instructed to write a ticket for any motorist going 1 mph over the speed limit, one could argue that this department was operating under what style of policing?
reform
. According to a 2001 Bureau of Justice Statistics study, what percentage of local police departments had full-time officers engaged in some form of community policing?
64%
. A neighborhood resource officer asks residents to clean up litter, remove graffiti, and install better lighting in a nearby park that is known for extensive drug dealing. Such a request is characteristic of what type of policing?
problem-solving
. What may be the definitive book on community policing
Trojanowicz’s Community Policing
Which of the following is not an element of community policing
centralization of command
. What acronym describes Chicago’s comprehensive community-base
CAPS
________ is when law enforcement officers exercise choice while carrying out their duties.
Police discretion
. Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the
Fourth Amendment.
A writ of certiorari
allows appellate courts to review the record of a lower court case
. Which 1960s U.S. Supreme Court made the exclusionary rule applicable to criminal prosecutions at the state level?
Warren Court
. This rule requires that incriminating evidence be seized by police according to the constitutional specifications of due process or it will not
be allowed as evidence in court.
exclusionary rule
. Which U.S. Supreme Court case was responsible for the creation of the exclusionary rule?
Weeks v. U.S.
. Which legal principle excludes from introduction at trial any evidence resulting from an illegal search or seizure
exclusionary rule
A legal principle that excludes from introduction at trial any evidence later developed as a result of an illegal search or seizure
fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine
This Supreme Court case has become the basis for “stop and frisk.
Terry v. Ohio
________ wiretap targets a specific individual and not a particular communication device.
roving
. The 1984 U.S. Supreme Court case U.S. v. Leon established
the good-faith exception
Chimel v. California established
that officers can search the person arrested and the area under that person’s “immediate control” incident to an arrest.
. Which of the following is not a justification for emergency warrantles
danger to property