Interpersonal Communication Self-Concept & Impression Management

identity
Self-concept is the set of perceptions a person has about who he or she is
Multi-faceted
What we call the “self” is actually a collection of smaller pieces/selves.
You may be female, Asian, athletic, asthmatic, agnostic… but none of those things defines you completely.
objective
based on facts
subjective
based on impressions
Enduring
it develops slowly over the course of one’s life; we seek confirmation by associating with people who treat us as we see ourselves
Changeable
it is influenced by aging, life events, etc.; can be improved through therapy, healthy relationships, etc
Impression management
involves how we want others to see us – the process of monitoring and projecting one’s desired public image
1st goal of Impression Management
Influence others and gain rewards (through ingratiation, intimidation, and self-handicapping)
2nd goal of Impression Management
Expression of personal identity (constructing an image of ourselves to claim personal identity and presenting an image that is consistent with that)
High self-monitors
Act according to demands of the social setting
Are highly attuned to the image that they project
Adapt self-presentation to the situation and context
Low self-monitors
Rely more on core attitudes, beliefs, and values to guide behaviors
Show greater consistency of behaviors
Are less concerned with social context
Facework
Our desired public image and the behaviors we use to project that image to others
Positive Face (competence/fellowship face)
need for respect, validation, social acceptance
Negative Face (autonomy face)
need for freedom from restraint or obligation
self-concept is socially constructed
Looking Glass Self
We manage our public persona
-Image Management
-Goffman’s self-monitoring
-Goffman’s “face”
need for control
ones’s need to maintain a degree of influence in one’s relationships
need for inclusion
one’s need to belong to a social group and be included in the activities of others
need for affection
one’s need to give and recieve expressions of love and appreciation
the self and interpersonal needs
need for control, need for inclusion, need for affection
self esteem
ones subjective evaluation of one’s value and worth as a person
image management
the process of projecting one’s desired public image
social penetration theory
A theory that predict that as relationships develop, communication increases in breadth and depth
breadth
the range of topics which one person self-discloses to another