Industrialization

The excerpt is from The History of Cotton Manufacture in Great Britain, by Edward Baines.

A great number of streams . . . furnish water-power adequate to turn many hundred mills: they afford the element of water, indispensable for scouring, bleaching, printing, dyeing, and other processes of manufacture: and when collected in their larger channels, or employed to feed canals, they supply a superior inland navigation, so important for the transit of raw materials and merchandise.

According to the excerpt, in what ways did water help England’s industrial boom?

Water supplied power and a means of transportation.
An effect of the Industrial Revolution was that wages around the world
increased.
Before the Agricultural Revolution, many people lived in rural areas because
they could grow food on small areas of land.
What is the best definition of the term “cottage industry”?
people who produce goods out of their homes
An effect of the steamboat’s popularity was that
people began to build canals in the United States and Europe.
What started the modern Agricultural Revolution?
improved farming methods
How would life have been different in the 1800s if the steam locomotive had not been invented?
Products would have been more expensive.
During the Agricultural Revolution, what was the main advantage of tenant farming rather than moving to the city for work?
Tenant farmers could use a skill they already had rather than starting over.
How did steam locomotives lower the cost of transporting raw materials and finished goods?
They could transport many materials or goods at once.
What is the most likely reason the Agricultural Revolution caused a population increase?
More and better food allowed people to be healthy and well fed.
The Agricultural Revolution helped spark the Industrial Revolution by increasing the amount of food produced and by
decreasing the number of farmworkers.
Before the Agricultural Revolution, much of England’s farmland was
common
What is the most likely reason that the steam locomotive was developed soon after the steamboat?
The locomotive used the same technology but could travel more broadly.
The Bessemer process made the production of__
more cost effective.
steel
Which industry emerged during the Second Industrial Revolution in the late nineteenth century?
steel
Production at Lowell Mills was considered revolutionary because every stage of textile production was
mechanized and completed in-house.
How did the Congress of Vienna facilitate the growth of industrialization?
It opened the lines of communication between countries, enabling trade.
As in Europe, the growth of industrialization in the United States occurred
regionally.
Which issues slowed the speed of industrialization in some countries? Check all that apply.
a lack of resources
economic problems
political instability
In the early 1800s, why were European governments able to promote economic growth?
The end of the Napoleonic Wars brought stability.
Before the US transportation infrastructure was built, raw materials and finished products were most efficiently transported and distributed
via navigable waterways
As a result of the introduction of the Bessemer process in 1855, which industry most likely grew the most immediately thereafter?
railroad
Which best explains why Great Britain had a monopoly on production during the early years of industrialization?
It kept skilled workers and machinery from leaving the country.
is considered the father of the American Industrial Revolution.
Samuel Slater
Which best describes how the railroads directly contributed to the spread of industrialization in Europe?
Railroads transported raw materials and finished products.
Entrepreneurs spread industrialization from Great Britain to other countries by
giving information and know-how.
Which statement best explains why mills, such as that established by Samuel Slater, were built along rivers?
Rivers powered the mills
Which asset made Belgium a good place to establish the first industrialized textile manufacturer in continental Europe?
natural resources
Which explains why factory owners’ profits grew quickly during the Industrial Revolution?
Factories were making more products to sell by using cheaper labor.
The assembly line was a system through which items were mass-produced in a _______ flow
continuous
The chart shows children as a percentage of Britain’s mining and textile workforce.

children employees graph

What do the figures indicate about child labor during this part of the Industrial Revolution?

Children played a significant role in the workforce.
One strategy factory owners used to increase profits involved
paying lower wages to adult workers.
This 1875 painting shows the inside of a factory during the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution painting

According to the details in the painting, which conditions would have made the factory dangerous for workers? Check all that apply.

There is an open fire with workers surrounding it.
The workers are swinging equipment in cramped quarters.
The workers are not wearing protective gear.
Which are examples of new technologies that helped the factory system grow?
steam engines and sewing machines
Factory owners began to hire children during the Industrial Revolution because the young
were a cheap source of labor
The process of industrialization caused worldwide damage to the
environment
The photo shows a woman watching a row of machines in a factory.

woman in factory

What advantages did machinery provide for factory owners?

The machines could do the work faster than skilled workers by hand.
The image shows different prices and types of corn flakes.

Shopping

According to the image, why would the Industrial Revolution have pleased consumers?

They had more options in a variety of prices.
Doctors, lawyers, managers and other middle-class workers during the Industrial Revolution were collectively known as the .
bourgeoisie
Which best describes the difference between the middle and lower classes during the Industrial Revolution?
The middle class included managers and skilled workers, while the lower class consisted of unskilled workers.
Which describes the effect factories had on rivers during the Industrial Revolution?
Factories caused major environmental problems by dumping waste into the river
To __________ means to remove harmful bacteria and other germs.
sterilize
For the YOUNG BUSINESS MAN

The Ford Runabout is a profitable partner and a happy companion for the boy who is making his mark in business and at school.
It reduces distance from a matter of miles to a matter of minutes. By saving time and effort, it makes larger earnings possible. And costing little to buy and keep going, it quickly pays for itself.
When vacation time rolls round the Runabout enables the young business man to reduce by hours the time between work and play.
Let us tell you how easy it is to buy a Ford on the Weekly Purchase Plan.
Ford Motor Company, Detroit, Michigan

The ad promotes a new brand of car.

What benefit of the internal combustion engine does the ad emphasize?

affordability
In the mid-1800s, steam power was replaced by ___________.
the internal combustion engine
Which inventor developed a new motor that generated alternating current (AC) electricity?
Nikola Tesla
What did Marie Curie achieve during her career? Check all that apply.
She developed X-ray machines.
She discovered radioactive elements.
She won the Nobel Prize.
What is the best definition of heredity?
Heredity is the process by which characteristics are passed to offspring.
The most important economic effect of the internal combustion engine was
allowing goods to be shipped farther.
The first engine-powered flight took place in the year
1903
The Wright brothers made their mark on history by
flying the first engine-powered plane.
The chart shows automobile ownership in the early twentieth century.

Based on the chart, what conclusion can be made about automobile ownership?

Automobiles became more popular and affordable over time.
In addition to making cars, Henry Ford is best known for
perfecting the assembly line
During the Industrial Revolution, the demand for skilled labor
decreased
During the industrial age, what were the hardships immigrants faced that caused them to leave their home countries? Check all that apply.
famine
rising taxes
job shortages
crop failure
The most compelling reason immigration rose in the United States during the Industrial Revolution was because people were
looking for personal freedom and jobs.
The graph shows world population in urban and rural areas.

The best conclusion that can be drawn from this graph is that the percentage of the world’s population living in urban areas

in 2030 is a prediction based on the present trend of urban growth continuing.
Urbanization was a result of the
Industrial Revolution
What were the most popular final destinations chosen by immigrants after they entered the United States? Check all that apply.
Immigrants chose to stay in large cities after they arrived.
Immigrants returned to their home countries after earning money.
Immigrants chose to move to the western United States
Crime became a negative result of immigration because
high unemployment led to a lot of theft and robbery.
A positive effect of urbanization was the building of which public transportation systems?
trolleys
In the 1770s, fewer farmers were needed in Britain because of machines and new techniques, so out-of-work farmers
moved to the cities where there were more job opportunities.
After laws were passed, which was a positive result of urbanization that helped raise the standard of living?
mandatory schooling
The best example of a city’s investment in infrastructure as a response to urbanization was the building of
roads
What caused agriculture to change in Britain leading to urbanization? Check all that apply.
the eviction of tenant farmers
the increased use of machinery
the growing demand for wool
In the United States, industrialization started in the
1820s
How was the advent of the trolley most beneficial to workers?
Workers could live farther away from work.
Which was the most important assistance given to immigrants by people from their home country?
help in adapting
How did industrial cities provide new opportunities for workers? Check all that apply.
City jobs paid higher wages than rural farming did.
Women could get jobs to help support their families.
Factories, mills, and mines were always in need of workers.
Popular culture is best described as
activities that are widely shared.
Which statement best describes the works of Charles Dickens?
Charles Dickens wrote about English workers and aristocrats during the Industrial Age.
Classicism is a style of art inspired by ancient Greece and ancient
Rome
Read the passage from Charles Dickens’s Hard Times.

All the public inscriptions in the town were painted alike, in severe characters of black and white. The jail might have been the infirmary, the infirmary might have been the jail, the town-hall might have been either, or both, or anything else, for anything that appeared to the contrary in the graces of their construction. Fact, fact, fact, everywhere in the material aspect of the town; fact, fact, fact, everywhere in the immaterial.

What is the main idea of this passage?

Industrialization results in standardization and monotony.
In what way did the writer Charles Dickens embrace social criticism?
by describing the problems caused by industrialization
How did industrialization contribute to the changing role of women in the late 1800s?
New appliances helped women complete household chores faster so they could pursue other interests.
This photo shows an automobile from the early 1900s.

In which ways did the invention of the automobile change society? Check all that apply.

Large numbers of new roads and highways were built.
People now had the option of working farther from home.
People were able to drive to different states.
What impact did new inventions such as the ice box, electric lights, and the phonograph have on the lives of the growing middle class in the late 1800s?
People found life more convenient, as these inventions gave them more opportunities and freedoms.
Advances in transportation during the Industrial Age changed the ways in which people
lived and worked.
This 1818 painting shows a man looking out to sea.

Which statement best explains why this work represents the romantic style?

The man is in nature, lost in his imagination.
Read these words by American author Mark Twain about travel.

Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one’s lifetime.

What point was Twain making about travel?

Travel helps people understand the world around them.
What conclusion can be drawn about the discoveries of Marie Curie and Louis Pasteur?
Their discoveries continue to have an impact on people’s health.
Popular culture mainly encompasses the realm of
entertainment.
This chart depicts consumer culture.

What word best completes the second box?

Wealth
Which best describes how industrialization changed the American economy?
Industrialization moved the economy away from agriculture.
How did the Industrial Revolution change the role of workers? Check all that apply.
Workers made products in large factories.
Workers used machines for repetitive tasks.
Workers made products on a large scale.
Thomas Edison is considered one of the greatest inventors because he was responsible for
patenting more than two thousand inventions
Light bulbs were one of the most important inventions in history because they
made it possible for people to be more productive and creative.
In the late 1700s, Great Britain’s many rivers, harbors, and other natural resources caused the Industrial Revolution to ______.
grow
Which best describes why industry existed in the larger American port cities before industrialization?
These cities were built on rivers and harbors and had plenty of workers.
What happened to skilled workers during the Industrial Revolution?
They were replaced by unskilled workers.
How many hours a day did unskilled laborers work during the Industrial Revolution?
14-16
What is a possible effect of a radioactive substance?
It can be harmful to a person’s health.
By 1900, more people in the industrialized world were attending concerts, theater performances, and sporting events. What is the best explanation for this change? Check all that apply.
More people were interested in learning new things.
More people had more time to enjoy leisure activities.
More people could afford to spend money on leisure activities.
In which neighborhoods were immigrants who stayed in cities most likely to settle?
in neighborhoods with people from their home country
The map shows the number of people who immigrated to the United States from different regions.

From most to least, which shows the correct ranking of regions by number of immigrants to the United States?

1st: Europe
2nd: North and South America
3rd: Asia
4th: Africa
The graph shows US immigration by decade.

As the United States experienced rapid industrial growth, what was the overall trend in immigration?

The graph shows that immigration was trending upward from the 1820s to 1900s.
Wealth brings with it its own checks and balances. The basis of political economy is non-interference. The only safe rule is found in the self-adjusting meter of demand and supply. Do not legislate. . . . make equal laws: secure life and property, and you need not give charity. Open the doors of opportunity to talent and virtue, and they will do themselves justice, and property will not be in bad hands. In a free and just commonwealth, property rushes from the idle [lazy] and brainless, to the industrious, brave, and persevering.

Read the quotation by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

According to both Emerson and Adam Smith, what guarantees success in a free market system?

individual freedom
In a capitalist system, the government should _______ its role in the economy.
limit
In order to accumulate wealth, a country should work to
export more goods than it import
A market that is driven by supply and demand is controlled by
producers and consumers.
Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of the society which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.

Read the quotation by Adam Smith.

According to this quote, what motivates most individuals?

sense of self-interest
At the dawn of industrialization, why were entrepreneurs important to changing economies in Europe? Check all that apply.
They started a number of new businesses.
They improved on the available technology.
They developed new products and inventions.
They invested money in new businesses.
America’s abundance was not created by public sacrifices to “the common good,” but by the productive genius of free men who pursued their own personal interests and the making of their own private fortunes.

Read the quotation by Ayn Rand.

Both Adam Smith and Ayn Rand would agree that

individuals and businesses want what benefits them the most.
According to Adam Smith, the government should be responsible for
encouraging producers to act in their own self-interest.
Which was a main benefit of industrialization?
Business owners hired the most competent workers.
In a laissez-faire economy, the government plays a
limited role
Why did governments authorize the creation of joint-stock companies?
to limit the possibility of risk from trade
Who owns most farms and factories in a capitalist economy?
private individuals
The ultimate goal of mercantilism was to gain greater
power through wealth
Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command. It is his own advantage, indeed, and not that of the society which he has in view. But the study of his own advantage naturally leads him to prefer that employment which is most advantageous to the society.

Read the quotation by Adam Smith.

According to Adam Smith, how does self-interest benefit society?

It causes people to seek out high-paying jobs.
Capitalism is built on the principle of
ownership.
private
What was one advantage of the division of labor during the growth of industry?
Workers were able to specialize and perform specific tasks.
How did banking change in Europe from the 1700s to the 1800s?
The number of private banks sharply increased.
Which best describes what happened to New Harmony?
The community was a failure
Read the description of an imaginary country’s economic system.

In this country, the government tells an appliance factory that it must produce a minimum of one thousand refrigerators. People are assigned jobs at the factory based on their abilities, and the government determines how much they will be paid. The government decides how much a new refrigerator will cost.

Which statement explains why this is a description of a socialist country?

The government is making all the economic decisions.
Utopianism is a type of
socialism
Which statement most accurately describes The Communist Manifesto?
It was a description of the class struggle and the problems caused by capitalism.
Under socialism, prices and wages are set by
the government
What does the name “New Harmony” suggest about the goals of the community’s founder?
It suggests that the founder saw the community as a place of cooperation.
Which best describes a social democracy?
a country where the government controls the economy but allows free elections and other civil liberties
Read this excerpt from Friedrich Engels’s The Condition of the Working Class in England.

Every great city has one or more slums, where the working-class is crowded together. . . . The streets are generally unpaved, rough, dirty, filled with vegetable and animal refuse [trash], without sewers or gutters, but supplied with foul, stagnant pools instead.

Which point does Engels make in this passage?

Industrialization has created poor living conditions.
Which statement is characteristic of a communist system? Check all that apply.
The government controls the means of production.
The government regulates a centrally planned economy.
Prices and wages are set by the government.
A single authoritarian party holds complete power.
Socialists believe that to improve the lives of the people, the government should
take control of the economy.
The utopian socialist factory owner from Great Britain who worked to improve conditions for his workers was Robert
Owen
Karl Marx was an influential German thinker and revolutionary who pioneered the idea of .
communism
Marx and Engels believed the Industrial Revolution had separated people into two separate classes: the bourgeoisie and the
proletariat
Which of these were problems in the Industrial Age? Check all that apply.
high poverty rates
poor working conditions
crowded cities
growing inequality
What was New Harmony, Indiana?
a model utopian community
The first step in creating an argumentative essay is
developing an opinion
A strong outline for an argumentative essay should include
evidence to support a claim
What is the last step in writing an argumentative essay?
revising
An outline for an argumentative essay about capitalism and socialism
explains the essay’s structure.
What should a writer focus on while editing an argumentative essay? Check all that apply.
grammar
punctuation
spelling
Read the excerpt from Teaching the Benefits of Capitalism by Roger B. Butters.

The single greatest benefit that capitalism provides is that it enables human choice. Capitalism establishes a social contract that makes it possible for individuals to exercise their franchise and free agency . . . It creates the necessary conditions for people to escape poverty and create wealth for themselves and for others.

Which detail from the excerpt provides the best evidence to support the claim that capitalism is better than socialism?

Capitalism enables human choice
After presenting a reason and evidence in an argumentative essay, a writer should present
a counterclaim
Read the body paragraphs of an argumentative essay.

National parks are totally important in the economy. Each park creates opportunities for tourism. Millions of visitors travel to national parks. For example, almost 3.5 million visitors went to Yellowstone Park in Wyoming in 2012. These visitors need tons of services, which creates job opportunities for local residents. So, it’s obvious that national parks play an important role in the economy.

How could this excerpt be best improved?

The writer could make the tone more academic.
Which are parts of an effective argument? Check all that apply.
a claim
evidence
a counterclaim
The body paragraphs of an argumentative essay should include
a strong reason, counterarguments, and a concluding statement that supports the claim.
When workers go out on strike, they are
refusing to work until conditions improve.
The graph shows suffrage reform in the United Kingdom.

Based on this graph, it is reasonable to assume that by 1930 the percentage of the population with the right to vote was

greater than in 1918.
This satirical lithograph, published by Currier and Ives in New York in 1869, comments on the feminist movement.
Women should not be allowed to vote because gender roles will be reversed.
The graph shows suffrage reform in the United Kingdom.

What is the best conclusion that can be drawn from this graph?

Over time, Parliament passed laws that allowed more and more people in the UK to vote.
The list below describes working conditions in factories in the 1800s.

What conclusion did reformers draw from the list?

Changes were needed to improve working conditions.
One way women used their positions in the workforce to demand rights was to
join unions
Factory owners took steps to prevent unions from forming because they
recognized that unions posed an economic threat.
Starting with the Reform Act of 1832, Parliament passed laws in the 1800s that gave voting rights to
most adult males
How did the passage of compulsory school attendance laws affect child labor in the United States?
Children could not work in factories if they had to attend school.
Collective bargaining means bargaining with workers who
belong to a union
Read this excerpt from a New York State commission investigating living and working conditions in tenement houses.

Another great evil of tenement house manufacturing was the fact that it made legally possible the work of little children in manufacturing pursuits at home, when the law rigidly excludes them from such occupations in the factories. Children as young as five, six, and seven years of age were found doing work. One little girl, aged 7, testified that she worked until eight o’clock in the evening.

What labor issue did the commission identify?

Young children were doing manufacturing work in tenement houses.
The graph shows mining deaths in the United States during much of the 1900s.

What does the graph demonstrate?

The safety of the mining industry improved as the 1900s progressed.
Which is the most likely explanation for the impact of World War I on the growth of voting opportunities for women?
New job opportunities opened up for women during the war, allowing them to take on new roles and gain public appreciation.
Why did factory owners and management often use force against striking workers?
They hoped the use of force would keep workers from joining unions in the future
This photograph, taken by Lewis Hine, shows textile mill workers.

What were goals of Hine in publishing this photograph? Check all that apply.

to draw attention to the dangers of child labor
o show how young factory workers could be
to get Congress to ban child labor
What did reformers in the early 1800s claim were problems with the British parliamentary system? Check all that apply.
Only wealthy landowners were allowed to vote.
Large cities were not well represented in Parliament.
When did British leaders begin to talk about the abolition of slavery?
the 1700s
Abolition moved slowly in the US because
the South’s economy depended on it.
Slavery began to develop in the Americas during the age of exploration because
work on plantations was difficult and needed large numbers of workers.
In 1511, when African enslaved persons arrived in the Americas, they were considered
a commodity
The purpose of the slave codes was to
legally protect slavery
By the 1700s, what about slavery had changed?
All enslaved people were of African descent.
he purpose of the slave codes was to
legally protect slavery.
A modified version of slavery in Europe during the Middle Ages was called
serfdom
Maria Stewart, abolitionist and former enslaved person, believed what most harmed enslaved people was lack of
education.
Which finally abolished slavery in the US?
the Thirteenth Amendment
Europeans turned to Africa as a source of enslaved persons because
groups of American Indians were exploited and decimated.
Prior to exploration, enslaved people in Africa were often
captives in war
What is the difference between manumission and emancipation?
Manumission releases someone from slavery, while emancipation is giving someone freedom.
Which statement describes enslaved persons in ancient Rome and Greece?
Enslaved persons were often foreigners
Did the abolishment of slavery in Britain and the US have a significant influence on the status of slavery in the world today?
No, it is estimated that there are 30 million enslaved persons in the world today.
Socialists believe that people should cooperate to produce what is best for
society.
Through the _______ , Europeans took goods to Africa, enslaved persons to the Americas, and raw materials to Europe.
triangular trade
In a capitalist system, people who work hard are rewarded. Why do socialists criticize this approach?
They say it results in an unfair distribution of wealth.
Wealth brings with it its own checks and balances. The basis of political economy is non-interference. The only safe rule is found in the self-adjusting meter of demand and supply. Do not legislate. . . . make equal laws: secure life and property, and you need not give charity. Open the doors of opportunity to talent and virtue, and they will do themselves justice, and property will not be in bad hands. In a free and just commonwealth, property rushes from the idle [lazy] and brainless, to the industrious, brave, and persevering.

Read the quotation by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Which of Adam Smith’s ideals are reflected in the quotation from Emerson?

Government should not play a role in the free market.
How were serfs different from enslaved persons?
Serfs worked for their lord’s protection, and enslaved persons had no protection.
What type of essay supports a specific claim or idea?
an argumentative essay
Utopianism is best defined as
a form of socialism based on sharing.
The photograph, taken by Lewis Hine in 1908, shows a glass factory.

What information is shown in this picture?

Underage workers were employed at the glass factory.
Communism is the political-economic system created by Lenin in the country of
Russia.
According to Adam Smith, _______ drives businesses to make their prices attractive to consumers.
competition
Which describes tenant farmers?
They farm land owned by someone else
Through the , Europeans took goods to Africa, enslaved persons to the Americas, and raw materials to Europe.
triangular trade
In a free market, the price of goods is set by
the producer
How did the Reform Act of 1832 affect voter representation in Parliament?
The act gave greater representation to people in cities.
Which most likely explains why the British Parliament decided to pass the Reform Act of 1832?
Parliament was facing pressure from workers for equal representation in government.
During the Industrial Revolution, textile factories__
-produced items which increased the available options and lowered the prices for consumers.
mass
The single greatest benefit that capitalism provides is that it enables human choice. Capitalism establishes a social contract that makes it possible for individuals to exercise their franchise and free agency. It gives people the ability to be secure in themselves and their possessions and, having provided security, it enables people to assume risk that they were previously unwilling to assume. It creates the necessary conditions for people to escape poverty and create wealth for themselves and for others.

Read a quotation by Roger Butters, a twenty-first-century economist.

Both Adam Smith and Butters would agree that capitalism

provides individuals with freedom of choice.
According to Adam Smith,___
drives businesses to make their prices attractive to consumers.
competition
Most socialists believe that the best way to improve society is to
insist that the government protects the interests of workers and consumers
Industrialization led to increased demands by the public for
a more democratic government
In Mesoamerican civilizations, enslaved persons were often
enslaved as punishment for crimes.
Wealth brings with it its own checks and balances. The basis of political economy is non-interference. The only safe rule is found in the self-adjusting meter of demand and supply. Do not legislate. . . . make equal laws: secure life and property, and you need not give charity. Open the doors of opportunity to talent and virtue, and they will do themselves justice, and property will not be in bad hands. In a free and just commonwealth, property rushes from the idle [lazy] and brainless, to the industrious, brave, and persevering.

Read the quotation by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Which of Adam Smith’s ideals are reflected in the quotation from Emerson?

Government should not play a role in the free market.
People who wish to improve their working conditions are most likely to
form unions
In the late 1700s, Great Britain’s many rivers, harbors, and other natural resources caused the Industrial Revolution to
growth
As a result of industrialization in the 1880s, there was rapid growth in Britain’s first industrialized city of
Manchester
Read the body paragraphs of an argumentative essay.

National parks are totally important in the economy. Each park creates opportunities for tourism. Millions of visitors travel to national parks. For example, almost 3.5 million visitors went to Yellowstone Park in Wyoming in 2012. These visitors need tons of services, which creates job opportunities for local residents. So, it’s obvious that national parks play an important role in the economy.

How could this excerpt be best improved?

The writer could make the tone more academic.
Read the statement from an argumentative essay.

Capitalism is superior to socialism because it promotes the interests of both the individual and society.

This statement is best described as

a claim.
Read the excerpt from Teaching the Benefits of Capitalism by Roger B. Butters.

The single greatest benefit that capitalism provides is that it enables human choice. Capitalism establishes a social contract that makes it possible for individuals to exercise their franchise and free agency . . . It creates the necessary conditions for people to escape poverty and create wealth for themselves and for others.

Which detail from the excerpt provides the best evidence to support the claim that capitalism is better than socialism?

Capitalism enables human choice.
Read the prompt for an argumentative essay.

Discuss the benefits and problems of capitalism and socialism, and evaluate which system provides the greater overall benefit to society.

What does the prompt ask the writer to do?

establish positions on capitalism and socialism using reasons and evidence
An outline for an argumentative essay about capitalism and socialism
explains the essay’s structure.
A statement that supports a claim in an argumentative essay is called a ______
reason
When revising the voice in an argumentative essay, a writer should make sure it is
persuasive.