IFSTA Essentials of FireFighting, 6th Edition Chapter 2

In 2010 the leading causes of fire fatalities were:

A. live fire training
B. overexertion and falls
C. Stress and overexertion
D. overexertion and being struck by an object

C. stress and overexertion
Which of the following is an injury cost carried by an individual?

A. physical pain
B. higher insurance payout
C. compensation payments
D. need to replace personnel off duty

A. physical pain
Which of the following statements best describes the difference between acute and chronic illness?

A. acute is more serious than chronic
B. acute is short-term chronic is long-lasting
C. a cute is more painful chronic is less invasive
D. acute requires a doctor visit Cronic may not

B. a cute is short-term chronic is long-lasting
Which of the following contributes to the common types of respiratory diseases for which firefighters are at risk?

A. heat stress
B. psychological stress
C. exposure to smoke and chemicals
D. exposure too long , regular work hours

C. exposure to smoke and chemicals
Which of the following is one way firefighters can reduce exposure to carcinogens present in fires?

A. clean helmet liners
B. follow good nutritional guidelines
C. maintain positive mental attitudes
D. maintain high levels of physical fitness

A. clean helmet liners
Which of the following illnesses can result in headaches, nausea and weakness in legs?

A. obesity
B. alcohol abuse
C. cardiovascular disease
D. stress induced hypertension

D. stress induced hypertension
Which of the following NFPA standards establishes the design criteria for protective clothing and equipment?

A. 1403
B. 1582
C. 1851
D. 1977

D. 1977
Which NFPA standard defines safe training practices and programs?

A. 1403
B. 1582
C. 1851
D. 1977

A. 1403
Which NFPA standard sets requirements for care and maintenance of personal and respiratory protection equipment?

A. 1403
B. 1582
C. 1851
D. 1977

C. 1851
Which NFPA standard specifies the minimum requirements for department safety and health programs?

A. 1407
B. 1500
C. 1851
D. 1977

B. 1500
Which of the following must a fire departments safety and health program address?

A. all anticipated hazards to which members may be exposed
B. all hazards to which members have been exposed in the past
C. some anticipated hazards to which members may be exposed
D. some hazards which members have been exposed to in the past

A. all anticipated hazards to which members may be exposed
Which of the following is a minimum requirement for protective clothing and equipment as established by NFPA 1500?

A. new recruits may not need to train with PPE
B. most personnel should be fully equipped with PPE
C. protective equipment must meet current NFPA design standard
D. protective equipment must meet one of the two most current NFPA design standards

C. protective equipment must meet current NFPA design standard
According to NFPA 1500 emergency operations are limited to:

A. those that are required to save the most lives
B. those that can be safely conducted by personnel on scene
C. those that can be started as soon as any personnel reach the scene
D. those that can be started as soon as the lives of all on scene are safe

B. those that can be safely conducted by personnel on scene
NFPA 1500 requires that departments develop ______, including an annual medical verification of duty fitness.

A. physical performance standards for all personnel
B. physical performance standards for new personnel
C. physical performance standards for personnel participating in administrative positions
D. physical performance standards for personnel participating in emergency operations

D. physical performance standards for personnel participating in emergency operations
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations only apply to federal employees unless:

A. local jurisdiction exempts the adoption of certain regulations
B. federal jurisdiction exempts the adoption of certain regulations
C. a federal jurisdiction decides not to adopt part of the regulations
D. a state jurisdiction decides to adopt them as part of local regulations

D. a state jurisdiction decides to adopt them as part of local regulations
The goal of the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation is to reduce fatalities by 25% within five years and by ____ in 10 years.

A. 10%
B. 15%
C. 30%
D. 50%

D. 50%
What is the goal of the International Association of Fire Chiefs annual safety stand-down?

A. to focus on firefighters
B. to focus on firefighter safety
C. to focus on firefighter families
D. to focus on firefighter fatalities

B. to focus on firefighter safety
The risk management model assumes that responders will risk their lives ___ to save savable lives.

A. A lot
B. a little
C. not at all
D. sometimes

A. A lot
The concept of risk management is based on an assessment of benefits gained compared to the _____:

A. risks involved
B. safety first mindset
C. loss of life expected
D. risk to equipment on scene

A. risks involved
Which of the following is a goal of fire department safety and health programs?

A. prevent fires in jurisdiction
B. prevent high insurance premiums
C. prevent damage to emergency response equipment
D. prevent damage to environment during emergency incidents

C. prevent damage to emergency response equipment
Which of the following groups does an Employee Assistance Program offer assistance to?

A. firefighters
B. firefighters and their families
C. only firefighters with marital problems
D. only firefighters with drug abuse problems

B. firefighters and their families
Which of the following BEST describes the causes of apparatus collisions a driver/operator is not responsible for?

A. excessive apparatus speed
B. reckless driving by the public
C. improper backing of apparatus
D. lack of apparatus driving experience

B. reckless driving by the public
The unique characteristics of a fire apparatus can:

A. Make it easier to handle
B. make it more difficult to handle
C. required driver/operators to drive faster then with other vehicles
D. required drivers/operators to drive the same as with other vehicles

B. make it more difficult to handle
When driving a fire apparatus, driver/operators should remember safe driving begins:

A. before leaving the station
B. when encountering a problem on scene
C. as soon as a problem occurs while driving
D. when encountering the public when driving to and from the scene

A. before leaving the station
The distance the apparatus travels when the driver/operator realizes the need to stop, until the driver/operator’s foot touches the brake pedal is:

A. a very brief time.
B. called braking distance
C. called driver reaction distance
D. a longer time than in a private vehicle

C. called driver reaction distance
Which of the following is the only exception to the rule: never stand on or in moving apparatus

A. there is no exception to this rule
B. when the emergency situation requires a firefighter to stand on a moving apparatus
C. when loading hose and apparatus is moving forward at 5 mph or less
D. when loading hoes and apparatus is moving forward at 10 mph or more

C. when loading hose and apparatus is moving forward at 5 mph or less
Which of the following is a common safety measure taken when riding on a fire apparatus?

A. wear helmet regardless of cab type
B. secure all loose tools and equipment
C. wear hearing protection only after arriving on scene
D. be seated and secure belt while apparatus starts moving

B. secure all loose tools and equipment
Which of the following is the BEST description of the main cause of injuries suffered in fire stations and facilities?

A. safe behavior
B. poor nutrition
C. unsafe behavior
D. lack of driving skill

C. unsafe behavior
Which of the following commonly causes slips, trips, and falls in the fire station?

A. cluttered surfaces
B. cooking equipment
C. lifting heavy objects
D. toxic cleaning chemicals

A. cluttered surfaces
Which of the following BEST describes ways to prevent back and leg strains?

A. lift with straight back and use legs
B. lift with shoulders and use legs only for balance
C. lift in an area with plenty of space for maneuvering
D. lift in an area with others around in case assistance is needed

A. list with straight back and use legs
Firefighters should ____ and put all tools in a ready state before storing.

A. inspect, clean,
B. modify, clean,
C. modify as needed
D. inspect as needed

A. inspect, clean,
Any Power Tool not marked double insulated should:

A. have a two prong plug.
B. have a three prong plug.
C. not ever be used outside.
D. not ever be used with an extension cord.

B. have a three-prong plug
Which of the following is a way to prevent accidents with power saws?

A. use whatever saw is most convenient
B. refuel gasoline powered saws immediately
C. store blades and cutting chains separately
D. keep blades and cutting chains well sharpened

D. keep blades and cutting chains well sharpened
Which of the following is the BEST way to exhibit safe behavior during training?

A. remain focused on training exercise at all times.
B. remain focused on training exercise when it seems important.
C. be alert for opportunities to play jokes to increase crew morale.
D. Be alert for ways the training is not what your jurisdiction does exactly and point all those issues out.

A. remain focused on training exercise at all times.
Live fire training must be conducted according to the requirements of which NFPA standard?

A. 1000
B. 1403
C. 1500
D. 1582

B. 1403
Which of the following types of equipment may wear out more quickly?

A. medical equipment
B. respiratory equipment
C. equipment used for training
D. equipment used for emergency calls

C. equipment used for training
Which of the following best summarizes the benefit of the National Incident Management System (NIMS)?

A. allows multiple organizations to operate together at high-rise incidents
B. allows multiple organizations to operate together at hazmat incidents
C. provides consistent funding for agencies from multiple jurisdictions operating together
D. provides consistent framework for agencies from multiple jurisdictions to operate together

D. provides consistent framework for agencies from multiple jurisdictions to operate together
When operating at an emergency scene, why should a firefighter scan the outside of the building before entry?

A. to assess structural design
B. to assess if entry is possible
C. to locate anyone trapped inside
D. to locate possible escape routes

D. to locate possible escape routes
When operating at a roadside incident, ensure that floodlights are deployed to direct light down on the scene without:

A. blinding passing motorists.
B. blocking warning signs from view.
C. using too much power from generators.
D. allowing passing motorists to see the scene.

A. blinding passing motorist.
Which of the following best describes all the factors taken into account when establishing on-scene control zones?

A. hazard present, weather conditions
B. hazard present, amount of people present
C. work area needed, time of day, weather conditions
D. work area needed, hazard present, weather conditions

D. work area needed, hazard present, weather conditions
The area that must be kept clear in case a piece of a structure collapses during an incident is called the:

A. cold zone.
B. control zone.
C. collapse zone.
D. crowd control zone.

C. collapse zone.
Which of the following is the BEST description of personnel accountability systems?

A. systems that assist in keeping track personnel’s expenses
B. systems that assist in keeping track of firefighters in the fire station
C. systems that assist in keeping track of personnel’s use of equipment
D. systems that assist in keeping track of firefighters at an emergency scene

D. systems that assist in keeping track of firefighters at an emergency scene
Which personnel accountability system uses an Accountability Officer to track expected exit times based on the pressure of the team’s lowest SCBA reading?

A. passport system
B. SCBA tag system
C. control board system
D. electronic accountability system

B. SCBA tag system