history chpt 16

What was three major causes of American industrial growth during the Gilded Age
immigration, innovative spirit, and new sources of power
Why did John D. Rockefeller choose to invest in oil refining rather than one of the other segments of the industry
refining was a safe investment
What was the first major trust that became the inspiration for many others
Standard Oil Company
The twin pillars of the “New South” were tobacco and
textiles
What Christian industrial leader lived by the motto “To do a common thing uncommonly well brings success”
H. J. Heinz
What was the most significant communications achievement during the Gilded Age
telephone
Politics during the Gilded Age was dominated by what issues
civil service reform, tariff revision, and regulation of trust
Why was the tariff of 1833 called the “Mongrel Tariff”
Numerous amendments made the tariff revisions ineffective
What industry was the main cause for passage of the Interstate Commerce Act
railroads
Which of the following government acts seriously hurt the nation’s economy
McKinley Tariff
What event discredited the Knights of Labor
Haymarket Riot
When did the American Federation of Labor defy an injunction by federal courts
Pullman Strike
What was the most significant goal of the Grange during the 1870s
state regulations of railroads
What was the main issue of the Populist party
free silver
What philosophy was used to defend the development of monopolies in industries such as oil and steel
Social Darwinism
What was not a major element of American society during the Gilded Age
romanticism
What is not one of the human explanations for Moody’s success
education
Who was the most prolific writer of gospel songs and hymns in the nineteenth century
Fanny Crosby
what unflattering title describes the industrialists who dominated America at the end of the nineteenth century
robber barons
What method did businessmen use to control all segments of an industry, from raw materials to marketing
vertical integration
What severe depression hit America during Grover Cleveland’s second administration
panic of ’93
what is a court order forbidding an action
injunction
what philosophy advocates the collective or government ownership of the means of production
socialism
What free-silver party from the Midwest became prominent in the 1890s
populist
Who developed the theory of natural selection
Charles Darwin
shipping and railroad baron
Cornelius Vanderbilt
steel giant
Andrew Carnegie
oil-refining trust
John D. Rockefeller
financier
J. P. Morgan
the South’s tobacco
James Buchanan Duke
invention of the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
America’s most prolific inventor
Thomas Alva Edison
labor unions
Samuel Gompers
True, false: The great numbers of immigrants during the Gilded Age slowed down the expansion of American industry
false
True, false: industrialization allowed middle-class Americans to afford quality stylish clothing
true
True, false: The Civil Service Commission was designed to stop the abuses of the spoils system
true
True, false: Most Americans were opposed to federal regulation of the railroads as “government interference”
false
True, false: American’s first important labor union, the Knights of labor, was relatively conservative and tried to avoid strikes
true
True, false: The Homestead Strike was one of the most effective strikes in the history of American business
false
True, false: Reform Darwinists believed that man is inherently good
true
True, false: materialism became popular in America during the late 1800s
true
corrupt New York politician
Roscoe Conkling
reforming president who was assassinated
James A. Garfield
reform of the civil service system
Chester A. Arthur
first Democratic president since the Civil War; championed commerce reform
Grover Cleveland
weak president; monopoly reform
Benjamin Harrison
leader of the Knights of Labor
Terrence V. Powderly
radical leader of the Socialist party
Eugene V. Debs
“the Great Commoner” and free-silver crusader
William Jennings Bryan
winner of the first modern presidential campaign (1896)
William McKinley