History 202 Final

The plight of American Farmers during the Depression was magnified by
Devastating droughts and dust stroms
Huey Long’s “Share Our Wealth” plan
Would have limited the incomes and investments of the wealthy and guaranteed an income to all Americans.
Which statement best describes the direct impact of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) Act of 1932?
The loans failed to put more money into the hands of workers.
The Agricultural Marketing Act was passed before the beginning of the Great Depression with the purpose of
Buying agricultural surpluses.
According to the text, why were Roosevelt’s “fireside chats” so popular with the American public?
They enabled the president to connect directly with the American people.
What did the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 do to boost American confidence in the banking system?
It took over regulation of the stock market.
What was the New Deal Coalition?
The partnership of liberals, trade unionists, Catholics, and northern blacks who voted for the Democratic Party.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was created to regulate
The stock market.
How did Father Charles Coughlin influence FDR’s first administration?
Popular support for his attacks on financiers and bankers pushed FDR to the left.
What occurred on “Black Tuesday”?
Trading on the stock market resulted in losses totaling $14 billion.
All of the following are true of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) EXCEPT
Both encouraged women to leave their jobs.
The Tennessee Valley Authority did all of the following except
Improve roads.
The Works Progress Administration (WPA) did all of the following EXCEPT
Fund direct relief for the unemployed
How did General Douglas MacArthur’s response to the Bonus Marchers affect the view of the electorate toward President Hoover?
The harsh treatment of the veterans confirmed public opinion that Hoover was out of touch with the plight of ordinary Americans.
How was Eleanor Roosevelt different from previous First Ladies?
She advised the president on policy.
How did the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) attempt to raise crop prices?
By paying farmers to take land out of cultivation
Which group hoped to take advantage of the increased unrest among American workers to further its cause?
The Communist Party
The fact that the government encouraged farmers in the Dust Bowl to plant soil-improving crops like legumes most likely indicates that
Typical land use practices hand contributed to the devastating dust storms.
What group is described as “riding the rails” during the Depression?
Teenagers who hopped onto empty freight cars.
Which of the following is accurate regarding Eleanor Roosevelt’s relationships with the public?
She often had better approval ratings than her husband.
The purpose of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was to
Provide work experience for disadvantaged young men.
What was the effect of FDR’s “Court-packing scheme”?
FDR alienated Republicans who previously supported his legislation.
When banks confiscated the property of farmers who defaulted on loans, farmers influenced the sale of this property by
intimidating potential buyers by handing nooses on barn doors
Before he became president, Herbert Hoover was known as a
great humanitarian.
The Battle of Leyte Gulf
Was the largest naval battle in history.
What were the three major Axis Powers in World War II?
Germany, Japan, Italy
How did President Truman justify modifying his demand for an unconditional surrender of Japan?
He concluded that keeping the Imperial Institution intact would ease the occupation of Japan.
The first check to Japanese expansion came at the Battle of the Coral Sea when
U.S. forces halted a Japanese advance toward Australia.
In 1941, African American leader A. Philip Randolph planned to protest
Discrimination by employers.
Which statement about the attack on Pearl Harbor is true?
Diplomatic exchanges with Japan continued until the eve of the attack.
Military censors forbade the publication of photographs of
A badly mutilated corpses.
Of the Native Americans who served in World War II, the Navajos were particularly noted for
Their baffling the Japanese with the use of their language.
A turning point on the Eastern Front came when
the Soviets defeated the Germans at Stalingrad.
As vice president, Harry Truman knew nothing about
The Manhattan Project.
What did Britain and France agree at the 1938 Munich Conference?
To allow Germany to occupy the Sudetenland
Which of the following countries did NOT declare war on the United States in December 1941?
The Soviet Union
As a result of the Battles of Iwo Jimo and Okinawa, the United States
Anticipated a long and bloody invasion of the Japanese mainland.
Nazi aggression was finally stalled in 1940 and early 1941 when
The British steadfastly resisted the Nazis in the Battle of Britain.
All of the following helped to foster the German people’s acceptance of Nazism EXCEPT for
The growing threat of the USSR.
In 1938, which of the following proposals was debated as a possible amendment to the Constitution, but was not approved by Congress
Any declaration of war needed to be approved through a national referendum.
The United States formally recognized the Soviet Union in 1933 because
It hoped the Soviet Union would become another market for American goods.
When did the U.S. government pay off its war debt?
Decades after the conclusion of the war.
All of the following statements about women’s experiences during the war are true EXCEPT that
Most opportunities that opened to women during the war remained open afterward.
Why had Hiroshima and Nagasaki not been firebombed?
They were of little military importance.
After Japan’s surrender, the Allies
Tried and convicted thousands of Japanese for war crimes.
Japan surrendered in response to
The atomic bombings and Soviet entry into the war.
The main reason behind President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb was that
He hoped to end the war as quickly as possible and thus save American lives.
When confronted with deciding how best to use the atomic bomb, President Truman opted to
Drop both bombs the United States had developed on previously undamaged cities.
During World War II, riots in Detroit and Los Angeles revealed that
Racial divisiveness remained a major problem in America.
Justice Frank Murphy cited each of the following in his dissent from Korematsu v. United States EXCEPT that
All persons of Japanese descent were loyal to the United States.
American public opinion polls in 1929 showed that
More than 80 percent of Americans supported Britain and her allies.
The U.S. bombing campaign in the Pacific theater differed from that against Germany in the United States
Did not distinguish between military and civilian targets in Japan.
According to the text, African Americans stated that the most fitting epitaph for a black solider was “here lies a black man killed fighting a yellow man for the protection of a white man.” Which of the following best supports this statement?
African Americans fought for their nation but faced discrimination.
Why did the Soviet Union enter the war against Japan immediately after the United States bombed Hiroshima?
The Soviet Union wanted to seize additional territory before the war ended.
Fascism is BEST characterized as
The glorification of the state over the individual.
Congress responded to the rise of European fascist states by
Passing a series of laws that restricted arms sales and loans with nations at war.
FDR’s Lend-Lease program allowed
Britain to borrow arms from the United States.
How did the American public react to news of the Chinese Revolution?
With anxiety about the establishment of another communist power.
Which event occurred during the presidency of John F. Kennedy?
The Berlin Wall was constructed, dividing East and West Germany.
President Kennedy’s main strategy in dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis was
Imposing a naval blockage of Cuban ports until the crisis was resolved.
The Cuban Missile Crisis began when
The United States discovered that the Soviet Union was installing nuclear weapons in Cuba.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Were convicted and electrocuted for espionage.
What was a major impact of the Alger Hiss case?
It catapulted Richard Nixon into the national spotlight.
After President John F. Kennedy declared his intention for the United States to remain in the city of Berlin
Khrushchev and Kennedy never met in person again.
What led Truman to authorize the development of a superbomb?
The discovery that the Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb.
Such comic book characters as the Incredible Hulk and Spider-Man reflected American anxieties about
Radioactivity
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
was the United States’ first formal military alliance.
How did President Eisenhower decide to handle Joseph McCarthy?
He decided to wait and let McCarthy self-destruct.
President Truman put pressure on the Soviet Union to honor its pledge to hold free elections in Eastern Europe by
Canceling Lend-Lease payments.
General MacArthur’s statement that “there is no substitute for victory” signified
His support for an all-out war utilizing nuclear weapons.
Why was the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union referred to as a “cold” war?
The two nations never fought each other directly.
Which of the following was NOT a major source of contention between the Soviet Union and the United States?
The terms of the Lend-Lease program.
Which event did NOT occur during the presidency of Harry Truman?
Joseph McCarthy was censured by the Senate.
How did intelligence gathered by the U-2 spy plane reassure the United States by the end of 1959?
It confirmed that the United States had ample time to respond if the Soviet Union launched a first strike.
The analysis in the “long telegram” sent by diplomat George F. Kennan became the basis for
The United States’ policy of containment.
Unlike the First Red Scare, the Second Red Scare
Lasted nearly a decade.
Which of the following countries did NOT benefit from the Marshall Plan?
The Soviet Union
For what reason did many in Hollywood refuse to forgive film director Elia Kazan?
He named names to the HUAC.
After President JFK declared his intention for the United States to remain in the city of Berlin,
Khrushechev and Kennedy never met in person again.
One of HUAC’s major tarets was the film industry, most likely because
The movies had broad power to influence American views.
Which of the following best describes the Limited Test Ban Treaty?
It banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere and underwater.
Where the film industry was concerned, Eleanor Roosevelt believed each of the following EXCEPT that
There weren’t really any communists in Hollywood.
Which argument is NOT used by critics of President Kennedy’s methods of handling the Cuban Missile Crisis?
President Kennedy’s use of a threat to end the crisis provided little defense against Soviet aggression.
In the novel 1984, George Orwell compared totalitarianism to
A boot stamping on a human face.
In committing American troops to combat in Korea, President Truman
Worked through the United States.
Which event did NOT occur during the presidency of Harry Truman?
Joseph McCarthy was censured by the Senate.
How does the Civil Rights Movement challenge common notions about the postwar era?
The discord stirred up by the movement believes the common idea that the era was one of complacency.
Who was twice defeated by Dwight D. Eisenhower in presidential elections?
Adlai E. Stevenson
How did former Vice President Henry Wallace differ from the Truman administration?
He stressed that U.S. foreign policy was too aggressive.
In the first few years after World War II
Labor unions enjoyed unprecedented strength.
The 1944 GI Bill of Rights offered returning veterans
Low-interest home loans.
What made Emmett Till’s murder different from previous racist killings?
His family’s decision to fight back
As the Montgomery Bus Boycott drew on for a year, boycotters
Decided to strive for complete desegregation.
In his book The Levittowners, Herbert J. Gans maintained that suburbanites were
Less isolated and suspicious.
Those who moved to suburbs after World War II increasingly depended on
Their cars.
When the Arkansas governor resisted the Supreme Court managed integration of public schools, President Eisenhower
Sent federal troops to Little Rock to protect the Little Rock Nine.
In 1960, a spontaneous decision by four black college students in Greensboro, South Carolina initiated a national monument involving
Sit-in demonstrations.
One significant trend of the years 1946-1964 was
A dramatic increase in the birth rate.
In using state troops to block the Little Rock Nine from entering Central High School, Govenor Orval Faubus believed
He was upholding the will of the people.
The purpose of Richard M. Nixon’s so-called “Checkers Speech” was primarily to
Diffuse a political scandal.
A major factor in JFK’s victory in the presidential election of 1960 was
His charismatic and telegenic charm and wit.
The Beat Poet who portrayed the lives of those who lived beyond the mainstream of American life was
Allen Ginsberg
All of the following were true of Rosa Parks EXCEPT that she
Made an impulsive decision that led to a boycott.
The television show American Bandstand was popularized by
Dick Clark
The charismatic leader of the Montgomery Bus Boycott was
Martin Luther King Jr.
Which of the following was a candidate who opposed Truman in the 1948 presidential election?
Thomas Dewey
What were Levittowns?
Planned suburban communities
What earlier ruling was overturned by Brown v. Board of Education?
Plessy v. Ferguson
Why did Republicans attack the Fair Deal as socialist?
It increased both taxes and governmental power.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a co-founder of the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
The writings of Jack Kerouac
Advocated against conformity and consumerism.
In 1946, the Republican Party
Won majorities in the House and Senate.
The Taft-Hartley Act could BEST be described as
A serious blow to the labor movement.
By 1960, what percent of Americans were classified as middle class?
60%
In using state troops to block the Little Rock Nine from entering Central High School, Governor Orval Faubus believed
He was upholding the will of the people.
Who worked with Jim Lawson to encourage students to form their own civil rights organizations?
Ella Baker
What most likely accounted for the diminishing public support of strikes after World War II?
Strikes shut down industries that supported American’s unprecedented affluence.
Recorded in 1955, the first rock and roll song was
“Rock Around the Clock”
The increased enjoyment of consumer goods by Americans was largely funded by
Consumer credit.
What was controversial about the events that served as the rationals for the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
The second of two reported attacks in the gulf may not actually have occurred.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Gave President Johnson the power to wage undeclared war in Vietnam.
Why were events at My Lai referred to as a massacre?
Those who were killed there were unarmed villagers.
Whose release of the Pentagon Papers revealed many unknown aspects of the federal government?
Daniel Ellsberg
In early 1965, confronting a request for additional troops in Vietnam, President Johnson opted to
Increase the troop deployment while pushing for political reforms in South Vietnam.
Which of the following BEST describes Lyndon B. Johnson’s character?
Johnson was a powerful politician who could be brash and overbearing.
Religious tolerance became a problem in South Vietnam under Ngo Dinh Diem, who was
A Catholic.
Four students were killed by the National Guard at Kent State University during a protest of
The American invasion of Cambodia.
What happened shortly before the assassination of JFK in November 1963?
A Kennedy-supported military coup against Ngo Dinh Diem.
Whom did most conservative Southern whites and white Northern blue-collar workers support in the late 1968 presidential election?
George Wallace
Why was Lyndon B. Johnson reluctant to be seen as weak in Vietnam?
He did not want to lose support for his domestic agenda.
During the Vietnam War, Walter Cronkite was
a CBS-TV news anchor.
Founded in 1962, Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
Criticized both the war abroad and capitalism at home.
During World War II, the Vietminh fought the occupation of Vietnam by which nation?
Japan
In 1945, Vietnamese forces formed a provisional government in Hanoi and declared independence from France under the leadership of
Ho Chi Minh
Which BEST describes Ho Chi Minh’s policy toward China?
He accepted its help with caution?
The term detente has been used to describe President Nixon’s
Methods of improving U.S. relations with China and the Soviet Union.
What was the code name of the defoliant that was used to destroy Vietnamese forests and crops and later linked to health problem defects?
Agent Orange
Why did Lyndon B. Johnson insist on taking the oath of office with Jackie Kennedy at his side?
To demonstrate to the public that she supported his presidency.
What was “fragging”?
Fraternal attacks on officers.
Effects of the Vietnam War included the
Erosion of American confidence in the government.
Why did Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother seek a negotiated settlement with the North Vietnamese in 1963?
They wanted to end the American presence in South Vietnam.
President Nixon’s policy of detente made significant headway in 1972, beginning with his diplomatic trip to
China
The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I)
Was an agreement limiting intercontinental ballistic missiles.
In the wake of the Tet Offensive
U.S. military leaders became uncertain what it would take to win the war.
In 1968, President Johnson decided not to run for reelection because
He was responding to doubts that the Vietnam War could be won.
Contrary to the belief of most Americans, Ho Chi Minh was not
Controlled or financed by the Soviet Union.
Why was the Vietcong able to gain the sympathy of peasants, among other groups in South Vietnam?
These groups were oppressed by the regime of Ngo Dinh Diem.
Who was the military commander who in 1965 requested a dramatic escalation in American ground troops?
William Westmoreland
What was the effect of the American bombing campaign in Vietnam?
Vietnamese civilians turned against the Americans.
Which of the following statements best summarizes the “domino theory”?
If one nation falls to communism, the others will too
President Kennedy played a major role in the establishment of
The Peace Corps
In 1962, the Supreme Court ruled that a short prayer adopted by the New York Board of Regents for use in public schools
Was unconstitutional because it was part of a government-directed religious program.
What was the anthem of the Civil Rights Movement?
“We shall overcome.”
How did the Latino version termed La Raza differ from that of Cesar Chavez?
It emphasized racial identity.
Counterculture hippies saw drug use as
A means of spiritual exploration.
Both moderate feminists, as represented by the National Organization of Women, and more radical feminists found support mainly among what group?
White middle-class women
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 bans discrimination in employment based on all of the following EXCEPT
Ability
Events in the Watts section of Los Angeles in the summer of 1965 showed that
Racial unrest could result in violent riots.
Under the leadership of Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court issued important rulings on all of the following EXCEPT
Same-sex marriage.
Life magazine photojournalist Charles Moore’s photographs of the Birmingham campaign
Revealed the extreme violence unleashed by the police.
Lyndon B. Johnson’s plan for government-provided heath care
Was forfeited in favor of a government-funded health insurance plan for the elderly.
As president, Lyndon B. Johnson differed from John F. Kennedy in that
He was very successful at getting domestic reforms passed in Congress.
Michael Harrington’s 1962 book, The Other America: Poverty in the United States,
Described what he termed a “culture of poverty”
Which of the following resulted from the Supreme Court ruling in Engel v. Vitale?
Southern Protestants and Northern Catholics formed a political coalition.
In response to President Kennedy’s televised proposal of a civil rights act, a Klansman shot and killed
Medgar Evars
The goal of the Freedom Rides was not only desegregation but also
Compelling President Kennedy to act.
The Civil Rights Movement was successful in bringing national attention to Birmingham because
Activists used the media to their advantage.
What was the primary reason why SNCC recruited Northern whites to work on voter registration drives as part of the Freedom Summer?
The national media ignored protests involving blacks only.
What resulted from TV and still photo coverage of the suppression of the Birmingham campaign?
Birmingham went from being a local event to being a national one.
In Sex and the Single Girl, Helen Gurley Brown urged women to
Explore their sexuality.
The Equal Rights Amendment
Ultimately fell three states short of ratification.
In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court ruled that
States could not criminalize abortions in the first three months of pregnancy.
The Carter Doctrine declared that the United States
Would use armed forces to prevent outside countries from intruding in the Persian Gulf.
In a speech later called the “malaise speech”, President Carter expressed his feeling that
The nation was experiencing a spiritual and moral crisis.
Which BEST describes Title IX of the 1972 Education Act?
It prohibited gender discrimination in education.
Both candidates in the 2008 presidential election ran on a platform emphasizing the theme of
Change
Supporters of the North American Free Trade Agreement included
Business people wanting to minimize competition from counterfeiters.
Why did President Bush halt the fighting after coalition forces crossed into Iraq in February 1991?
He believed the goal of the fighting had been met.
Which of the following individuals was NOT part of George W. Bush’s administration?
James Baker
Despite the support of many voters, President Clinton failed to
Pass significant health care reform.
What misstep impeded Walter Mondale’s 1984 presidential campaign?
His statement that taxes would be raised.
In the Iran-Contra affair, John Poindexter and Oliver North
Funneled funds from arms sales to Nicaraguan rebels.
The ‘safe sex’ message gained currency in the wake of
A worldwide AIDS epidemic that affected the population of the United States.
Which of the following BEST describes President Reagan’s managerial style?
He allowed his subordinates to make many decisions without his oversight.
President Reagan frequently said that “government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem” and believed instead that
An unfettered free market would result in prosperity.
The disputed election of 2000 was ultimately decided though an appeal to
The Supreme Court
Developments in foreign relations in the late 1980s included
Relatively peaceful revolutions that ended the Soviet Union
Supporters of George W. Bush’s launching a war against Iraq argued all of the following EXCEPT that
Fighting Saddam Hussein in Iraq would boost American efforts in Afghanistan.
What combination of factors has been proposed as causing the severe economic downturn that began in 2007?
A decline in home values followed by defaults on risky loans and the declining value of mortgage-backed securities.
Anita Hill accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of
Sexual harassment.
How did the policies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the 1960s resemble those established by the Dawes Act nearly a century earlier?
By encouraging assimilation
What catch-phrase did Richard Nixon employ in winning the presidency in 1968?
“Law and order”
The “Daisy Girl” television ad was designed to
Discredit the Goldwater campaign.
Why did John F. Kennedy want to put a man on the moon?
To reclaim the United States’ technological supremacy
Lyndon B. Johnson’s plan for government-provided health care
Was forfeited in favor of a government-funded health insurance plan for the elderly.
In The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan argued that
Women had a right to the same range of opportunities as men.
What were New Left protesters outside the 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago supporting?
Antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy
Cesar Chavez fought for better working and living conditions for members of what group?
Farm laborers
Rachel Carson’s 1962 book, The Silent Spring, created a favorable climate for
Environmental reform
All of the following statements about the Black Panthers are true EXCEPT that
They focused entirely on national rather than local goals.
Tapes of White House conversations revealed that President Nixon
Had authorized a Watergate cover-up
SALT II was technically killed when the Soviet Union invaded what country in 1979?
Afghanistan
In the 1970s, the CIA was involved in overthrowing a democratically elected leader in favor of a brutal dictator in which country?
Chile
How did Republicans portray liberals to working class voters in the 1980s?
As out of touch
One reason that Ronald Reagan won the 1980 presidential election was because
He projected optimism at a time when Americans felt beleaguered
Troubling aspects of the Watergate scandal included all of the following EXCEPT for
The indifference of the American public to the situation.
The roots of the Iranian hostage crisis resided in
America’s support of the Shah of Iran
The fate of Palestinians displaced by the creation of Isreal
Has yet to be resolved
Prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, George W. Bush focused primarily on Iraq’s
Supposed possession of weapons of mass destruction.
What was the effect of Americans’ outrage over the photo of Somalis desecrating the corpse of an American solider?
Osama bin Laden concluded that terrorist attacks on Americans would be effective.
In arguing that current patterns of immigration hurt the American economy, what did Harvard economist George Borjas emphasize?
The low skills of most immigrants.
The United States helped borker the 1995 Dayton Peace Accords, which settled disputes in
The former Yugoslavia
What event illustrates the doctrine of preemptive war?
The Iraq War
According to the Powell Doctrine, the conditions under which the United States might go to war include
Having a clear exit strategy
George H. W. Bush’s campaign strategies in 1988 included
Exploiting Americans’ fear of crime.
President Bush muted his response to the fall of the Berlin Wall because
He did not want to provoke a hard-line reaction from the Soviets.
Those on the political left tended to argue that immigrants
Took the jobs that few Americans wanted.
Which slogan would be most likely to be found on a sign carried by a member of the Tea Party?
“Reduce the federal budge now!”
Which group had the most power in Iraq under Saddam Hussein?
The Sunnis
President Carter responded to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in all of the following ways EXCEPT
Minimizing the treat posed by the invasion.
The first three weeks of the Iraq War were marked by
Military success leading to the fall of Baghdad.
After a firebombing in Alabama, the Freedom Riders received protection from
Federal marshals sent by Attorney General Robert Kennedy
Michael Harrington’s 1962 book, The Other America: Poverty in the United States
Described what he termed a “culture of poverty”
Tom Hayden, the Students for a Democratic Society, and their manifesto, “The Port Huron Statement,” were primarily associated with what movement?
The New Left
In early 1965, confronting a request for additional troops in Vietnam, President Johnson opted to
Increase the troop deployment while pushing for political reforms in South Vietnam.
One reason why search-and-destroy missions against the Vietcong were so challenging was becasue
It was hard to differentiate between the Vietcong and civilians.
The main purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to
Contain the spread of communism to the other nations.
President Eisenhower had the interstate highway system constructed for what purpose?
To provide for the evacuation of civilians in a war.
Why did the Bay of Pigs operation hurt the credibility of President Kennedy?
He claimed that the United States had not been involved.
The Soviet Union’s use of troops to suppress an uprising in Hungary showed that
Khrushchev intended to maintain control of Eastern Europe.
As its defeats mounted, to what strategy did the Japanese resort in fighting in the United States?
A war of attrition on U.S. forces.
Rather than invade France, as Joseph Stalin urged, in 1943 Britain and the United States
Established bases in North Africa and invaded Italy.
Fascism is BEST characterized as
The glorification of the state over the individual.
The Republicans’ call for a “Contract with America” came with
The midterm elections of 1994.
How did President Reagan react to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s efforts to reduce tension between the two nations?
By agreeing to destroy some U.S. nuclear missles.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
Prohibited segregation in public facilities.
President George H.W. Bush’s call for U.S. military involvement in the Persian Gulf came when
Iraq invaded Kuwait and gained control of its oil production.
As a delegate for the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, which of the following spoke eloquently in favor of bringing electoral justice to the south?
Fannie Lou Hamer
Hubert Humphrey’s narrow defeat in 1968 could be attributed to all of the following factors EXCEPT
The lack of support by Republicans for his position on Vietnam.
The impact of the Tet Offensive was magnified by all of the following EXCEPT
The permanent loss of Saigon to the Vietcong.
In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that
Segregation in public schools was unconstitutional
President Kennedy’s main strategy in dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis was
Imposing a naval blockade of Cuban ports until the crisis was resolved.
Many social critics like C. Wright Mills believed that, like the suburbs, white-collar jobs
Stifled individuality
Which of the following best characterizes the group of screenwriters known as the Hollywood Ten?
They refused to cooperate with HUAC investigations.
In 1938, which of the following proposals was debated as a possible amendment to the Constitution, but was not approved by Congress?
Any declaration of war needed to be approved through a national referendum.
Why did hundreds of thousands of urban Americans live in such places like garages, warehouses, and the back of stores during the war years?
Sufficient housing was not available where the job opportunities were available.
Why were large corporations wary of the National Recovery Administration (NRA)?
They feared they would be forced to negotiate with labor unions.
In response to the Holocaust, the United States
Accepted more Jewish refugees than any other nation.
Despite public dissatisfaction over rampant inflation in the United States. Truman’s image as a leader was bolstered by
Stories and images of thankful children who benefited from the Berlin airlift.
Which of the following caused Congress to consider impeaching President Truman?
His dismissal of General MacArthur
Who led the legal team that argued on behalf of Brown v. Board of Education?
Thurgood Marshall
Civil rights reforms enacted by the Truman administration included
The desegregation of the armed forces.
Which example BEST shows that young people in the fifties were neither merely frivolous nor entirely disaffected?
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Which statement best reflects the prevalent view among white Americans in August 1963?
Racial discrimination undermined American’s foreign policy goals in the Cold War.
Who first declared a “war on drugs”?
President Nixon
Which of the following is TRUE of Ronald Reagan’s early political career?
He was a two-term governor of California
President Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative
Resulted in large expenditures to create a missile shield.
What event led to Ayatollah Khomeini’s willingness to negotiate an end to the Iranian hostage crisis?
Iraq’s invasion of Iran.
For what reason did the House vote to impeach President Clinton?
For lying under oath.