A) to obtain the Pacific Northwest from Great Britain.
B) to obtain Florida from Spain.
C) to acquire the former French colony of Louisiana.
D) to develop the trans-Appalachian West.
E) to eradicate the Native Americans.
A) grew rapidly in size and population.
B) was threatened by foreign invasion.
C) revised its form of government.
D) was unable to expand its economy.
E) invaded and occupied Canada.
A) excluded Spain from the North American continent.
B) reduced British influence in Florida.
C) granted the Northwest Territory to the United States.
D) weakened the Spanish position in Latin America.
E) made Florida a U.S. territory.
A) Jedediah Smith.
B) John Jacob Astor.
C) Kit Carson.
D) Andrew Jackson.
E) George Vanderbilt.
A) a written language.
B) a written constitution providing a republican form of government.
C) a system of slavery regulated by law.
D) a military force capable of defending their lands against white encroachment.
E) a salaried government bureaucracy.
B) Sitting Bull.
D) Black Hawk.
A) squatters to secure title to land they had improved.
B) Native Americans to refuse to move to reservations.
C) land speculators to have first rights to purchase public domain land.
D) the government to seize land from farmers.
E) squatters to occupy Native American camps while they were away hunting.
A) small frontier settlement.
B) family farm or owner-operated plantation.
C) ranch devoted to raising beef cattle.
D) communally owned and operated farm.
E) large plantation farmed by sharecroppers.
A) created new ways of living in the West.
B) attempted to recreate the life they had left behind in the East.
C) relied on local government for the necessities of living.
D) failed to establish a self-sufficient lifestyle.
E) quickly established a network of mercantilism.
A) building of the National Road.
B) Lancaster Turnpike.
C) Erie Canal.
D) transcontinental railroad.
E) Union and Pacific Railroad.
A) improved reservations for Native American tribes.
B) reconstruction of the Capitol building in Washington, D.C.
C) construction of a reliable transportation system for the United States.
D) a more efficient method of moving proposed legislation through Congress.
E) a pay raise for Congress.
A) national road systems
B) canal systems
C) steam boats
A) It created easy and comfortable transportation systems in the Trans-Mississippi West for settlers desiring to settle the Great Plains.
B) It introduced slavery into the territories of the Ohio River Valley.
C) It turned the costly and debt-ridden cotton industry into a profitable agricultural enterprise in the south.
D) It made inexpensive two-way shipment of goods on inland waterways a practical reality.
E) It destroyed the myth of the Great American Desert and made farming in the far west a practical reality.
A) Robert Fulton
B) Eli Whitney
C) DeWitt Clinton
D) Robert Lowell
E) Jerry Mahoney
A) the high level of federal support.
B) the rapid establishment of a strong manufacturing base.
C) the great national transportation system created by the nation’s river network.
D) the absence of international economic competition.
E) the development of web presses for printing money.
A) New York City and Philadelphia
B) Philadelphia and Pittsburgh
C) Cleveland and Cincinnati
D) Wheeling and Vandalia
E) Albany and Buffalo
A) Cumberland Trail.
B) Erie Canal.
C) Intercoastal Waterway.
D) Baltimore Turnpike.
E) the Washington Monument.
A) when canals proved to be an unprofitable means for transportation.
B) because of the limited useful lifespan of canals.
C) as a result of natural barriers to canals.
D) because of the lack of popular support for canals.
E) when environmentalists won legislation to stop canal projects.
C) hand work
D) domestic work
A) Alexander Hamilton.
B) DeWitt Clinton.
C) Henry Clay.
D) Robert Fulton.
E) James Madison.
A) privately held corporations.
B) the federal government.
C) tolls and user fees.
D) state and local government.
E) European investors.
A) the availability of good land and the revolution in marketing.
B) an available supply of cheap labor.
C) dramatic advances in agricultural technology.
D) major increases in the prices paid for staple crops.
E) the population boom on the East Coast, which created increased demand for farm
A) demand created by the growing textile industry
B) the availability of good land in the Southwest
C) the existence of slavery in the South
D) the discovery of new, more productive species of cotton
E) the effect of the cotton gin on production
A) the development of an effective means for the extension of credit.
B) the establishment of urban populations in the West.
C) a change in constitutional limitations in financing.
D) the establishment of methods for advertising the availability of agricultural products.
E) the development of cold storage.
A) more state banks.
B) tighter money policies.
C) farm subsidies.
D) the charter of new federal mints.
E) the creation of new jobs.
A) represented an effective source of reliable currency.
B) were the most important factor in expanding the market economy.
C) were unreliable and often failed.
D) supported the reestablishment of the national bank.
E) were frequently the cause of currency depreciations.
A) gold and silver.
B) paper money.
C) government bonds.
D) bank notes.
A) finishing off system
B) mass production system
C) piece work system
D) putting-out system
E) cottage industry system
A) young single women
B) young single men
E) African Americans
A) immediately creating a need for large factories with many workers.
B) removing production from the home to the factory.
C) increasing the need for female labor.
D) eliminating the need for foreign equipment and technology.
E) becoming more efficient, therefore using fewer raw materials.
A) New York, New York.
B) Boston, Massachusetts.
C) Lowell, Massachusetts.
D) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
E) Burlington, Vermont.
A) enhance America’s image abroad.
B) prevent competition from foreign goods.
C) meet the demands of American farmers.
D) prevent political differences from arising.
E) take money out of their own pockets.
A) adopted the programs of the Federalist Party.
B) sought to renounce Federalist accomplishments.
C) maintained its philosophy of states’ rights and limited government.
D) promoted the continued existence of a two-party system.
E) changed its name to the Whig Party.
A) James Madison.
B) Henry Clay.
C) James Monroe.
D) John Quincy Adams.
E) Thomas Jefferson.
A) represented the triumph of Jefferson’s economic vision for America.
B) involved Federalists promoting Jeffersonian principles and programs.
C) featured a major military and naval buildup aimed at gaining the respect of European
D) called for revoking the charter of the Bank of the United States.
E) was a master plan for national economic self-sufficiency.
A) a mixed public-private institution.
B) controlled by private interests.
C) radically different from the first national bank.
D) supported by state and local banking interests.
E) a public institution.
A) western states’ interests opposed it.
B) Presidents Madison and Monroe believed it did not meet the requirements of the
C) there were limited amounts of available federal funding.
D) there was strong opposition from state governments.
E) no one could agree on where to begin.
A) James Monroe.
B) James Madison.
C) John Quincy Adams.
D) Thomas Jefferson.
E) Bill Clinton.
A) an agreement that no more slave states could be created north of the southern boundary of Missouri.
B) Missouri was admitted as a slave state on condition that slavery be phased out over a
period of time.
C) Maine was split off from Massachusetts and admitted as a free state.
D) northern and southern congressmen splitting along sectional rather than partisan lines on this issue.
E) adroit political maneuvering by Henry Clay to get the compromise through the House of Representatives.
A) found little opposition from northerners.
B) involved primarily economic issues.
C) had relatively little significance for the future of national expansion.
D) stirred southern fears regarding the balance of power between North and South.
E) quelled southern fears regarding the balance of power between North and South.
A) promoted the growth of state sovereignty.
B) supported the attainment of political and social equality.
C) emphasized the primacy of property and property rights.
D) abandoned his Federalist sympathies.
E) began the tradition of wearing four gold stripes on the sleeves of his robes.
A) Gibbons v. Ogden
B) McCulloch v. Maryland
C) Marbury v. Madison
D) Dartmouth College v. Woodward
E) Hemmings v. Jones
A) Gibbons v. Ogden
B) Dartmouth College v. Woodward
C) Dred Scott v. Sandford
D) McCulloch v. Maryland
E) Marbury v. Madison
A) the national bank.
B) internal improvements.
C) the role of the U.S. Congress.
D) the chartering of private corporations.
E) timber rights.
A) the executive branch
C) the Supreme Court
D) the individual states
E) the judicial branch
A) the continuing threat of English intervention in the United States.
B) the development of trading rights with Latin America.
C) establishing friendly relations with France.
D) responding to the revolt of Spain’s Latin American colonies.
E) the “Native American problem.”
A) form an alliance with the British.
B) avoid involvement in European affairs.
C) create an alliance with the newly independent Latin American nations.
D) control the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.
E) wrest control of New Orleans from the Spanish.
A) Monroe Doctrine.
B) Adams-Onis Agreement.
C) Continental Treaty 1818.
D) Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
E) “American System.”
A) was immediately accepted by European powers.
B) had little significance for the United States in 1823.
C) opposed the independence of Spain’s Latin American colonies.
D) required too much money to enact.
E) made little impression on the European powers.
tribes of the American Southeast to give up their lands.
1815 and 1824.