anything passed down from earlier generations
the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills-as well as the instruments, objects, artifacts and cultural spaces associated therewith-that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage (dance, song, and other performing arts; skills; stories; and spiritual thoughts and feelings that give guidance and meaning to life)
all of the manifestations or elements of heritage
single structures or groups of structures (such as those along a street) of a stunning variety of design and purpose-buildings of all sorts, bridges, monuments, and other structures. Tangible heritage in this case is reflected by structures and their remnants. Intangible heritage can be seen in architectural resources through an understanding of the events, ceremonies, or rituals that took place within a structure or the structures role as, for example, a cultural or political symbol.
the most varied type of resource. Includes a massive array of industrial, commercial, household, and personal artifacts such as paintings, religious objects, costumes, clothing, machinery, and furniture. Most movable resources also reflect, by their historic associations, context, original purpose, and function, all of which are intangible aspects of heritage.
manuscripts, books, transcriptions or records of oral history, historical photographs and other images technically are movable heritage resources but the specific nature of how they are cared for and organized justifies treating them as a separate type of resource. In a material form whose purpose is to communicate and preserve thought, many documentary resources are inherently complex expressions of intangible cultural heritage.
the most common science resources in the heritage field are those defined by the scholarly disciplines of archaeology, and biological and geological sciences such as paleontology and geology. All of these involve the application particular scientific methodologies to discover, conceptualize, interpret, and understand. In an illustration of how different types of resources are related, the science resources uncovered during archaeological or paleontological excavation often are redefined as movable resources when exhibited in a museum. Modern archaeological investigation commonly relies on intangible heritage such as oral tradition, memory, contemporary ritual, and social practice in interpreting archaeological materials.
landscapes shaped by human activity or which people have seen as important for artistic, spiritual or other reasons form a type of resource with great variation and meaning. Cultural landscapes are tangible by definition but they always reflect elements of intangible heritage, including such things as knowledge and interaction with the natural world, cultural meanings of particular places and notions of how the sacred is expressed.
the obligation shared by the museum’s governing authority and its staff to serve the public interest.
Museums have two fundamental public trust responsibilities: stewardship and public service. The trust of stewardship requires museums to acquire, document and preserve collections in accordance with institutional policies, to be accountable for them, and to pass them down to future generations of the public in good condition.
The trust of public service requires museums to create and advance not only knowledge, but more importantly, understanding, by making the collections and accurate information about them, physically and intellectually available to all communities served by the museum. To this end, museums seek to be public focal points for learning, discussion, and development, and to ensure equality of opportunity for access.
paintings, archival documents, buildings, historic sites, archaeological remains and data, variety of artifacts.
Significance must be discovered through research and study, physical conservation of tangible heritage is an important part of how heritage objects are used and stored.
Artifact vs. Specimen
An artifact is made or shaped by human agency.
A specimen is a natural object.
Conservation vs. Preservation
Conservation is the act of safeguarding and protecting heritage resources.
Preservation is the specific actions in pursuit of conservation.
Ex: The technician PRESERVED the ancient stone and metal materials by using 14 different methods of cleaning and stabilization.
Ex: It is government policy to CONSERVE heritage resources (the government wishes to see these resources kept from harm but does not specify how to ensure this)
Heritage Resources vs. Heritage Practice
Heritage Resources are the objects of heritage practice: buildings, artifacts, archaeological sites and their evidence, documents, as well as the intangible cultural expression contained in these resources or existing independently of material form.
Heritage Practice is the conservation, interpretation, and other uses of these resources.
Historic vs. Historical
Historic suggest importance- a historic building is important for social, architectural, cultural, and other reasons. A historical building however, is simply old.