Fundamentals of RESP chapter 1&2 test

Respiratory care/Respiratory Therapy
The health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of optimal cardiopulmonary function and health
Respiratory Therapist amd their role in health care as well as areeas of employment
75% of all RTs worn in hospitals or other acute settings. Many RTS are employed in clinics, physician’s offices, skilled nursing facilities, cardiopulmonary diagnostic laboratories, and public schools. Research, disease management programs, home care, and industry. Colleges and universities to teach students the skills they need to become RTs.
Professionalism
RTs demonstrate their professionalism by maintaining the highest practice standards, engaging in ongoing learning, conducting research to advance the quality of respiratory care, and participating in organized activities through professional societies such as the AARC and associated state societies.
AARC and its mission
To encourage, and promote professional excellence, advance the science and practice of respiratory care, and serve as an advocate for patients, their families, the public, the profession and the respiratory therapist
NBRC and its role in respiratory care
National Board for Respiratory Care
The credentialing body for registered respiratory therapists
The NBRC also offered several specialty credentialing examination for RRTs who satisfy additional requirements through experience in a specialized are of practice
Hippocrates
Believed there was an essential substance in the air that was distributed to the body by the heart
Describes diseases as “humoral disorders” and speculates that an essential substance in air entered the heart and is distributed throughout the body
Hippocratic Oath
Hippocratic medicine based on four essential fluids phlegm, blood, yellow bile, black bile
Aristotle
Believed that knowledge could be gained through careful observation
First great biologist
Joseph Priestly
He described his discovery of oxygen which he called “dephlogisticated air”
Louis Pasteur
Advanced his “germ theory” of disease, which held that many diseases are caused by microorganisms
William Roentgen
Discovered the “X-Ray”
Karl Von Linde
Begins large-scale commercial preparation of oxygen
Drinker and Emerson
Drinker developed the iron lung and industrial hygienist and faculty member at Harvard
Emerson developed a commercial version of the iron lung that was used extensively during the polio epidemics of the 1930s and the 1950s
Joseph Black
Described the properties of carbon dioxide
Define quality and discuss its application to Respiratory Care
Quality is defined as a characteristic reflecting a high degree of excellence, fitness, or grade
It encompasses the people who administer the respiratory care, the equipment used, and the manner in which the care is provided
The higher the quality and lower the cost, the higher the value will be of the care delivered
Name two types of RCP credentials and the body that oversees accreditation for RC programs
The National Board for Respiratory Care
State licensing laws set the minimum educational requirements and the method of deterring competence to practice
Committee in Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC) oversees accreditation for RC programs
Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)
Respiratory care educational programs in the U.S are accredited by the CoARC in collaboration with the Association of Specialized and Professional Accreditors
What were the first respiratory therapist called and what was the AARC first called
Inhalation therapist/ oxygen technicians
Inhalation Therapy Association (ITA)
In what ways can an educated, skilled, professional respiratory therapist function as a physician assistant or a physician extender?
All direct patient care services provided by RTs must be done under the direction of a qualifies physician. RTs can help in the assessment, treatment, management, control, diagnostic evaluation and care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system
Who is David Pierson and how does he describe the future of respiratory care?
A prominent pulmonary physician and one of the many physician supporters of RTs
Pierson predicted a much greater use of patient assessment and protocols in chronic disease state management in all clinical settings. More active role for RTs in palliative and end-of-life care, increasing emphasis on smoking COPD, acting as coordinators and caregivers in home care
Review the 2015 and Beyond future of respiratory therapy plans
The RT of the future will be focused on patient assessment, care plan development, protocol administration, disease management and rehabilitation, and patient and family education
, to include tobacco education and smoking cessation
Algorithms
Predetermined group of directions to solve a problem in a finite number of steps
Example a branching logic flow diagram
Evidence based medicine
Refers to an approach to determining optimal clinical manage,met based on several practices
Respiratory therapy consult service
A comprehensive approach for using protocols is to combine specific protocols to form a respiratory therapy consult service or an evaluate and treat program
Respiratory Care Protocols
Are guidelines for delivering appropriate respiratory care treatments and services
Describe the responsibilities of a medical director
Is professionally responsible for the clinical function of department and provides oversight of the clinical care that is delivered
Review the credentialing of the respiratory therapist
Licensure is the process in which a government agency gives an individual permission to practice an occupation
Certification is voluntary, non government process whereby a private agency grants recognition to an individual who has met certain qualifications
Briefly discuss professionalism and stare at least 5 characteristics of a respiratory therapist
Completes an accredited respiratory therapy program
Obtain professional credentials
Participates in continuing education activities
Adheres to the code of ethics put forth by his or get institution and/or state licensing board
Joins professional organizations
List five key elements of a respiratory care protocol program
Active and committed medical direction
Capable RTs
Collaboration with physicians and nurses
Careful monitoring
Responsive environment