First Aid and CPR

Question Answer
Law that offers legal protection to people who give reasonable assistance to those who are, or who they believe to be, injured, ill, in peril or otherwise incapacitated. Good Samaritan Law
Are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease. Some examples include:Hepatitis B ,Hepatitis C orHIV Blood borne pathogens
Need to fit and you cannot wear a ring with them and dry hands properly before you put the gloves on. Donning gloves
Using the dominant hand start by grabbling the outside of the glove on the non-dominant hand on the palm side near the cuff.Pull the glove off the non-dominant hand and place it in the gloved hand, balling it up. Doffing Gloves
Is used if a person is unconscious but is breathing and there are no other life-threatening conditions, you suspect an unconscious person may vomit or bleed from the mouth. Recovery Position
Is a life threatening allergic reaction, can cause shock, a sudden drop in blood pressure and trouble breathing, minutes after exposure to a specific allergy-causing substance (allergen) There can be a delayed reaction in some cases. Anaphylaxis
Forms when blood vessels are broken near your skin’s surface. This allows a small amount of blood to leak into the tissues under your skin. Bruise
The least serious and involves only the outer layer of skin and causes redness, swelling, pain 1st degree burn
May cause red, white or splotchy skin, swelling, pain, or blisters ,no larger than 3 inches in diameter, treat it as a minor burn. If the burned area is larger or covers the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or a major joint, treat as a major burn. 2nd degree burn
The most serious type of burn involving all layers of the skin and underlying fat. Muscle and bone may be affected.Burned areas may be charred black or white 3rd Degree burn
occurs when a foreign objects becomes lodged in the throat or windpipe, blocking the flow of air. Choking
Give 5 back blows-First deliver back blows between the person’s shoulder blades with the heel of your hand.Give 5 abdominal thrusts. (the Heimlich maneuver) Alternate between 5 blows and 5 thrusts until the blockage is dislodged. five-and-five approach
is an injury in which the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions dislocation
occurs when the blood supply to your brain is momentarily inadequate, causing you to lose consciousness for a brief time. Fainting
is a broken bone. fracture
When exposed to very cold temperatures, skin and underlying tissues may freeze resulting in this. frostbite
Painful involuntary muscle spasms that usually occur during heavy exercise in hot environments heat cramps
can begin suddenly after working or playing in the heat, perspiring heavily or being dehydrated. Some symptoms Fainting Nausea or vomiting or dizziness Heat exhaustion
occurs when your body temperature rises rapidly and you’re unable to cool down. Symptoms fever over 104. Heatstroke
occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat and your body temperature falls below 95 degrees. Hypothermia
may result from trauma, heat stroke, blood loss, an allergic reaction, severe infection, poisoning, severe burns or other causes. Shock
It occurs when your ligaments, that connect bone to bone and hold your joints in place, tear or partially tear. sprain
Rest, Ice, Compress and elevate RICE
occurs when there’s bleeding into your brain or when normal blood flow to your brain is blocked. stroke
is a medical condition where the body can not produce enough insulin. Diabetes
Too little insulin in the blood causes high blood sugar hyperglycemia
Too much insulin can cause low blood sugar hypoglycemia
is preformed in the first few minutes, it can double or even triple a person’s chance of survival. CPR
is triggered by an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat and the heart’s ability to pump blood to the brain, lungs, and other organs. Cardiac Arrest
occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked. heart attack
It’s a device that can administer electrical shocks to an unresponsive person showing no signs of life. AED

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