Term Definition
Caravel A light, fast sailing ships with rudder and lateen sails
Henry the Navigator Son of King John I of Portugal and supporter of explores
Vasco da Gama Portuguese explorer who traveled to Calicut, India in 1497
Christopher Columbus Italian sailor who traveled west to reach china but Discovered islands on the Caribbean instead
Ferdinand Magellan First explorer to attempt the circumnavigate the globe
Circummavigate travel completely arpund the world
Sir Fancis Drake English Explorer , Second man to Circummnavigate the globe
Henry Hudson dutch sailor who unsuccessfully for northwest passage and explored the river that is now named after him
Encomienda Spanish system in which a colonist Received land and native American workers to whom he was required to teach Christianity
Hernan Cortes Spanish explorer and conqueror of Mexico's Aztec empire
Conquistador Spanish term for conqueror: name for spanish military leaders who fought agnaist the Natives
Moctezuma II Aztec emperor at the same time of Cortes's conquest of mexico
Francisco Pizarro conqueror of inca empire killed by spanish invaders led by Pizarro
Athulpa ruler of the inca people until killed by spains men lead by pizarro
viceroys officals who ruled large areas of spain's american colonies
Bartolome de las casas Spanish priest who criticized treatment of Native Americans,suggesting that slaves from Africa should be used
Treaty of Tordesillas treaty signed in 1493 diving the Americas between Spain and Portugal along an imaginary line
Colombian Exchange The exchange of plants,animals and diseases due to contact between the peoples of Europe and the Americas
Mercantilism The European economic policy that called for nations to gain wealth in order to build a strong military and expand influence
Balance of trade the amount of goods sold by a country against rather those purchased from other countries : a favorable balance of trade meant selling more goods than were bought.
subsidies Grant of money given by government for purposes as helping people and starting new businesses
Capitalism Economic System in which private individuals rather then government perform most of the Economic Activity, with the goal of making profit
Joint-Stock company A company in which Investors buy shares of stocks , receiving a portions of the profits,but losing the amount of the investment if it failed
Plantation estatez in the Americas where cash crops were grown on a large scale
triangular trade trading network that bought goods from europe and africa to be traded for slaves, took the slaves to the americas to be sold, brought american goods
Middle passage Name for the second leg of the triangle,bringing captive african to the Americas where they were sold
olaudah Equiano African who wrote about horrific conditions africans endured on the middle passages
African Disapora The spread of people of African descent throughout the Americas and Western Europe As a result of the slave trade, eventually spreading African Culture throughout the Western world

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