Environmental Science Midterm review

Cigarette smoke
A particulate pollutant
Ancient Rome
One of the earliest reference to air pollution was found here
They occur in industrial areas
The one thing that all major air pollution disasters have in common
Ash, dust, cigarette smoke
Name several particulates
Oxides
A group of chemicals that forms gaseous pollutants
Sunlight
Reacts with the exhaust from automobile engines to produce smog
Increase circulation
A way to reduce the amount of pollutants in your home
Carbon monoxide
Prevents oxygen from binding to blood hemoglobin
Cigarette smoke
A factor in causing diseases such as emphysema, lung cancer, and heart disease
Precipitation
A natural process that effectively remove particulates from the air
Carbon Dioxide
A significant greenhouse gas emitted in large quantities by human society
Ozone
An atmospheric gas that blocks out harmful UV radiation
Zone of aeration
Place where water enters an aquifer
Desalination
A process of removing salt from ocean water
Flood irrigation
The type of irrigation that loses the most water to evaporation
Cleaning and personal hygiene
In the United States most household water use can be traced to __ and __
As a coolant, a power source, and as a way to dispose of waste
What are some ways manufacturing industries use water?
Drip irrigation
The most efficient irrigation system
Aquifer
Another name for zone of saturation
Overdraft
The drying up of the Ogallala Aquifer is due to a process known as
Benthic zone
A zone that reference the bottom of a lake
Ponds
Bodies of water where sunlight reaches the benthic zone
Wetlands
Ecosystems that have plants with root systems under water a great portion of the year
Soil erosion
Overgrazing, irrigation, and cultivation are all factors that contribute to this process
4 billion metric tons
The annual loses of topsoil in the U.S. due to unwise usage of the land.
Strip cropping
A land management technique that limits the loss of topsoil due to erosion
Shelters belts
A land management technique that uses trees as windbreaks, to slow down the wind in order to reduce erosion
Carrying capacity
The maximum number of organism an ecosystem can support
Oxygen
It make up 21 percent of the Earth’s atmosphere
Carbon monoxide
A colorless,odorless, transparent gas emitted from automobile exhaust systems due to incomplete combustion
Physical weathering
Frost heaving, frost wedging, temperature changes causing expansion and contraction are all contributing factors of _ _
predation and diseases
Population growth is limited by density dependent factors such as
Niche
The roll of an organism in an ecosystem
Ground water
The type of water transported by aquifers
Salt water
More than 97 percent of the hydrosphere is __ __
Troposphere
Layer of the atmosphere where weather activities occur, also layer in which we live
Two percent
Percentage of fresh water contained in glaciers and ice caps
particulates
Smoke emitted from wood burning stoves contains–, a type of pollutant
Auroras
a type of lights produced by chemical reaction of thermospheric gases
Acid rain
Destroying national monuments, especially those made of marble