ENGR 3000 Quiz – Print Version

CHAPTER 1 QUIZ – QUESTIONS
CHAPTER 1 QUIZ – SOLUTIONS
Define a Project
A project is a complex, non routine, one-time effort limited by time, budget, resource, and specifications.
List the five major characteristics of a project.
(1) An established objective

(2) A defined life span with a beginning/end

(3) Usually the involvement of several departments and professionals

(4) Typically, doing something that has never been done before

(5) Specific time, cost and performance requirements.

Identify the four stages of the Project Life Cycle.
(1) Defining stage: goals, specifications and objectives established;

(2) Planning stage: schedules, budgets, risks management and resource assignment;

(3) Executing stage: majority of physical and mental work, status reports, changes and forecasts;

(4) Closing stage: train customer, transfer documents, release resources, and lessons learned.

CHAPTER 2 QUIZ – QUESTIONS
CHAPTER 2 QUIZ – SOLUTIONS
Which of the follow is not one of the commonly heard comments of project managers?
(A) Where did this project come from?

(B) Why are we doing this project?

(C) How can all these projects be first priority?

(D) Why is this project so strongly linked to the strategic plan?

(E) Where are we going to get the resources to do this project?

ANSWER: D

Reason for above ^
Ample evidence still suggests that many organizations have not developed a process that clearly aligns project selection to the strategic plan.
Strategy considered to be under purview of senior management is
(A) Old school thinking
(B) A new school of management thought
(C) Necessary in a company structure
(D) Beneficial to the Project Manager
(E) Depended on company goals

ANSWER: A

Reason for above ^
Project management historically has been preoccupied solely with the planning and execution of projects. Strategy was considered to be under the purview of senior management. This is old-school thinking.
A critical factor to ensure the success of integrating the strategic plan with projects lies in a process that
(A) Is open and published for all participants to review

(B) Starts with top management’s directives

(C) With projects first and integrates them with the strategic plan

(D) Both B and C are correct

(E) A, B, and C are all correct

ANSWER: A

Reason for above ^
A crucial factor to ensure the success of integrating the plan with projects lies in the creation of a process that is open and transparent for all participants to review.
The intended outcome of strategy/projects integration is
(A) Clear organization focus

(B) Best use of scare organization resources

(C) Improved communication across projects and departments

(D) Both A and C are correct

(E) A, B, and C are all correct

ANSWER: E

Reason for above ^
A generic methodology that ensures integration by creating very strong linkages of project selection and priority to the strategic plan is then discussed. The intended outcomes are clear organization focus, best use of scarce organization resources (people, equipment, capital), and improved communication across projects and departments.
Which of the following is a main reason why project managers need to understand their organization’s mission and strategy?
(A) They can better focus on the immediate customer

(B) They can make appropriate decisions and adjustments

(C) So they can be effective project advocates

(D) Both B and C are correct

(E) A, B, and C are all correct

ANSWER: D

Reason for above ^
There are two main reasons why project managers need to understand their organization’s mission and strategy.

•The first reason is so they can make appropriate decisions and adjustments.
•The second reason is so that they can be effective project advocates.

Project managers have to be able to demonstrate to senior management how their project contributes to their firm’s mission.

The first step in the Strategic Management Process is to set long-range goals and objectives.
FALSE

The first step is to Review and Define the organizational mission.

Reviewing and revising the organization’s mission is best achieved through the use of the SWOT analysis.
TRUE
S = Strengths
W = Weaknesses
O = Opportunities
T = Threats
Opportunities and threats are the flip sides of each other; that is, a threat can be viewed as an opportunity, and vice versa.
TRUE

-Examples of perceived external threats could be a slowing of the economy, a maturing life cycle, exchange rates, or government regulation.

The information gap refers to the lack of understanding and consensus of organization strategy among top and middle-level managers.
FALSE

-The implementation gap refers to the lack of understanding and consensus of organization strategy among top and middle-level managers.

One way to offset the influence of politics on project management within an organization is to have a well-defined project selection model.
TRUE

-Top management needs to develop a system for identifying and selecting projects that reduces the impact of internal politics and fosters the selection of the best projects for achieving the mission and strategy of the firm.

CHAPTER 3 QUIZ – QUESTIONS
CHAPTER 3 QUIZ – SOLUTIONS
List three advantages of a functional structure
(1 ) No structural change
(2) Flexibility
(3) In depth expertise available
(4) Easy post project transition
List three disadvantages of matrix organization?
(1 ) Dysfunctional conflict
(2) Infighting
(3) Stressful
(4) Slow
Which of the following is a disadvantage of functional project management organization?
(A) Lack of motivation of project team members

(B) Longer project duration

(C) Lack of focus on the project

(D) Poor integration

(E) All of these are disadvantages of functional project management organization

ANSWER: E

All of the following are functions culture plays in an organization EXCEPT
(A) It provides a sense of identity.

(B) It helps legitimize the management system.

(C) It replaces the need for a project selection process.

(D) It helps create social order.

(E) It clarifies and reinforces standards of behavior.

ANSWER: C

While organization culture is important to the overall function of an organization, it has minor influence on its project management.
FALSE
The projectized form of project management structure is commonly used when one functional area plays a dominant role in completing the project or has a dominant interest in the success of the project.
FALSE
CHAPTER 4 QUIZ – QUESTIONS
CHAPTER 4 QUIZ – SOLUTIONS
List five elements of a typical scope statement?
(1 ) Project objective
(2) Deliverables
(3) Milestones
(4) Technical requirements
(5) Limits and exclusions
(6) Reviews with customer.
List five components included in a work package
(1) Work to accomplish a segment of the project

(2) Time to accomplish the work package

(3) Time-phased budget for the work package and total cost to complete the work package

(4) Resources needed to complete the work package

(5) Single person responsible for accomplishment of the work package

(6) Monitoring points for measuring progress during implementation of the work package

(7) Any specifications critical to the work package.

CHAPTER 11 QUIZ – QUESTIONS
CHAPTER 11 QUIZ – SOLUTIONS
List four stages of team development model
(1 ) Forming
(2) Storming
(3) Norming
(4) Performing
(5) Adjourning
List two unique challenges of managing a virtual project team
(1 ) Developing trust

(2) Effective communication

List three elements of an effective project vision
(1 ) must make strategic sense.

(2) must be able to communicate it to others.

(3) project leader must have a personal passion to achieve it.

(4) should inspire others to give optimal effort.

NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT QUIZ
NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT QUIZ
List five factors for success of a New Product
(1 ) Superior product
(2) Quality of Execution
(3) Marketing symmetry
(4) Competitive situation
(5) Well defined product
(6) Technology symmetry
(7) Market attractiveness
(8) Top management support
List three causes of failure of a new product
(1 ) Inadequate market analysis
(2) Lack of effective marketing
(3) Higher cost than anticipated
(4) Competitive strength of reaction
(5) Poor timing of introduction
(6) Production/Technical product
(7) Product problem
List two ingredients of a superior product as defined by the customer
(1 ) Product has unique features
(2) Higher quality
(3) Does unique task
(4) Innovative product
(5) Product reduces customer cost