English Mid-term

Question Answer
theme central topic; a main idea or an underlying meaning of work that is stated directly or indirectly
setting the time and place in which the story takes place
point of view the eye of the story is told, narrative voice through the story plot; meet its character, setting, relationship, emotion and conflict
tone the attitude of a writer toward a subject or audience
flashback where the writes insert a past event in order to provide background or context to the current events of a narrative
foreshadowing a hint of whats coming next or later in the story
climax the highest, most intense point in the development of the story; the highpoint of interest
conflict element that involves a struggle between two opposing force usually a protagonist and an antagonist
satire a genre of literature that uses wit for the purpose of social criticism
plot the story map of a piece of literature, which includes rising action, falling action, etc.
hyperbole example: "She's as skinny as a toothpick."
oxymoron example: Jumbo shrimp
contradiction a direct opposition between things compared; inconsistency
protagonist the main character of a story
antagonist one who opposes the protagonist – the "bad guy"
allegory a story with two or more levels meaning – a literal and symbolic meaning
idioms a saying, phrase, or expression that has a figurative meaning different that its literal meaning
irony a situation in literature that ends up different than original expected
situational irony when the characters and audience are fully aware of a situation in literature
syntax the structure of sentences
allusion a literary device used to reference a person, event, quote, or other expression without mentioning it by name
foil character a character that is the complete opposite of the protagonist and usually demonstrates characteristics that are not like the protagonist
parallelism the repetition of a grammatical or sentence structure
sarcasm a sneering or cutting remark
pun a play on words
inference an educated guess
dramatic irony in literature where the audience knows more about situations that the characters
verbal irony an example of irony where the speaker says something that is contradictory to what he or she means
external conflict a struggle against outside forces (man vs man)
epiphany a sudden revelation or flash of insight
characterization the act of creating and developing the character
indirect characterization a character is revealed/described through what other characters say about the character
internal conflict a struggle against forces from within (man vs self)
perspective how the characters view and process what's happening in the story
author's purpose the reason or intent for writing; persuade, entertain or inform
prediction what someone states will happen in a written piece of literature

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