drivers ED chapters 7 & 8

why should you plan your route ahead
interstate entrances and exits maybe far apart
whenever you enter traffic you should
signal and be sure you have enough space to enter safely
enter the interstate at
or near the speed or traffic
remember that the_speed allowed is _ miles per hour unless otherwise
maximum; 70 miles per hour
begin checking traffic while
on entrance ramp
do not move slowly to the
end of the entrance ramp and stop
start you what signal to ….
warn other drivers
look for a gap in the approaching traffic then
adjust your speed to meet that gap
as you merge make sure you
are traveling the same speed as other traffic
do not stop before merging with interstate traffic unless
it is absolutely necessary
interstate traffic has
the right of way
you can’t always count on other drivers either
seeing you or moving over to give you space to enter
when you merge into traffic you need a
four second gap
what gives you some distance to avoid the mistakes of other drivers
a cushion of space ahead,behind, and to the sides
if you are being followed to closely, slow down and encourage the driver behind you to pass. if this fails, pull over, stop and let the tailgater pass. keep your doors locked also…
-avoid driving alongside other cars multi lane streets
-drive in the center of your lane to keep space between you and oncoming cars
-make room for vehicles entering interstate highways. if there is no one next to you, move over a lane
there are three basic elements to space management
-speed control
-lane position
-communication
most interstates exits have a
special lanes
what are the special lanes on most interstate exits for
you to use to slow down before you reach the exit. never slow down on the interstate itself
what should you expect when in rural areas
-other road users and animals coming out of hidden junctions and driveways
-people working,walking or cycling on the road
-farm machinery and slow moving vehicles
-school buses picking up/ dropping off students
keep your speed down at
night
if you see an animal what should expect
that there is another nearby
if wild animals are on the road you should:
slow down or stop
do not use the horn or rev the engine
pass as far away from animal as possible
you can use these precautions to reduce your chances of colliding with an animal:
-use caution when driving at dawn and dusk between the months of October through December when animals are most active
-use caution and be alert when driving on roadways making with deer crossing signs.
-look well down the road and far off each side
-slow down and use caution when approaching animals
-use flasher or headlights to warn other drivers
-if you think you have time to avoid animal reduce speed and tap your breaks
-pets such as dogs may also run out on roadway. dogs chase vehicles end to approach in a straight line
if an accident with an animal is inevitable here are some suggestions for lessening the impact:
dont swerve to avoid animal
steer vehicle towards area animal came from
shift your line of eyesight to spot as well
try to skim animal rather then fully impact
brake firmly
report crash to police if involves large animals
a fluorescent or reflective orange and red triangle displayed on the rear of vehicles drawn by animals, farm equipment or construction equipment means the vehicle is traveling
less than 25 mph
use caution when approaching
farm machinery, animal drawn vehicles, horseback riders
farm machinery
farm machinery
what is this
what is more hazardous driving at night or during the day time?
driving at night
what limits your range of visibility
headlights
here are some things you can do that will help you se better at night
use your high beams whenever there are no oncoming vehicles

dim your high beams whenever you come within about one block distance of an oncoming vehicles

be prepared when going on any trip; remember to take
extra set of keys
insurance info
money
owners manual
maps of local areas
three main types of distractions
visual
manual
cognitive
what is visual
taking eyes off the road
what is manual
taking hands off of wheel
what is cognitive
taking your mind off what your doing
other distracting activities include
using cell phone
eating and drinking
talking to passengers
grooming
reading, including maps
using a PDA or navigation system
watching a video
changing the radio station
most important of all is
to focus on driving
teens are at a greater risk
for accidents, including fatalities than any other age group of drivers
teens what percent more likely to have an accident in the first _ driving alone without parental supervision
50%; first month
what are the contributing factors
driving inexperience, risk taking behaviors, immaturity and greater risk exposure
when do most teenage deaths occur
on the weekend
in 2009 3,000 teens in the U.S. ages ? were killed
15-19
sometime u made need to _to avoid a crash
speed up quickly
speeding up to avoid a crash may be the case when
another car is about to hit you from the side or behind
what does yellow mean
caution; cars are going in different directions
what does white mean
everyone is going in one direction
if you see a car coming toward you in your lane you :
blow your horn
brake fast
if other drivers keep coming and crash is probable, steer off the road to the right shoulder or ditch
what lane should you never drive into
into the left lane
if you are about to be hit from the rear you should
be ready to apply your brakes
brace yourself between steering wheel and seat back
press the back of your head firmly against head rest
if you are about to be hit from the side you should
keep a tight grip on the steering wheel
get ready to steer quickly
if your are about to be hit from the front you should
-use your arms and hands to protect your face
-if you are not using your shoulder strap throw yourself across the seat to keep from hitting the steering wheel
what are much more likely than most other types of crashes to result in serious injury or death
rollovers
most skids happen when you try to
turn or stop suddenly on slippery pavement
to steer out of a skid you should
take foot off the gas
turn front wheels enough to keep them going straight down the road
be careful not to oversteer
if your vehicle is stalled on a railroad track and there is immediate danger of an approaching train what should you not do
dont try any last minute heroics to make it
the most important rule when you have tire blowout is
dont panic and dont slam on the brakes
what you should do when you have a blowout is
-hold the steering wheel firmly and keep your car in the same lane
-let your car slow down
-then brake gently and pull of the road into a safe area`
if your gas pedal sticks keep your eyes on the road and
put the gear shift in neutral
try to free the pedal with your foot
turn the ignition off
put on the brake
if your brakes fail what should you do
-let the car slow down gradually by taking your foot off the gas pedal
-shift into neutral and gradually apply the hand brake until the vehicle stops
-do not attempt to drive your vehicle
for the loss of wheel what should you do
follow the same procedure as for the tire blowout
what is deadly
carbon monoxide poisiong
what is a type go gas given off from a vechile’s exhaust system
carbon monoxide
early symptoms of carbon monoxide are
yawning
dizziness
upset stomach
what to do if the roadways are flooded
dont drive through flooded areas
even if water appears shallow do not cross
if there is no other route proceed to higher ground
how many inches of water can cause the car to stall or lose control
6
how many get can carry away most vehicles
2
what acronym can you use to save yourself and other passengers when your car is submerged in water
POGO
what does POGO mean
p-pop seat belt open
o-open windows by breaking or rolling them down
G-get
O- out do not stay in car and wait for help